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Nizhniy Novgorad Travel Guide - Travel S Helper

Nizhniy Novgorad

travel guide

Nizhny Novgorod, often abbreviated to Nizhny, is the fifth-largest city in Russia, with a population of 1,250,619, and the administrative headquarters of Nizhny Novgorod Oblast and Volga Federal District. It was known as Gorky from 1932 until 1990, after the playwright Maxim Gorky, who was born there. The city is a key commercial, transportation, and cultural hub in Russia and the large Volga-Vyatka economic area, as well as Russia’s principal river tourist center. There are several colleges, theaters, museums, and cathedrals in the city’s historical district. Nizhny Novgorod is around 400 kilometers east of Moscow, where the Oka River flows into the Volga.

Prince Yuri II of Vladimir built the city in 1221. Kuzma Minin and Prince Dmitry Pozharsky gathered a large army in 1612 to liberate Moscow from the Poles. Nizhny Novgorod became a major trading hub of the Russian Empire in 1817. An All-Russia Exhibition was held at a fair in 1896.

During the Soviet era, the city grew into a significant industrial hub. During this time, the Gorky Automobile Plant was built in particular. During WWII, Gorky became the largest supplier of military materiel to the front. As a result, the Luftwaffe was regularly bombing the city from the air. The bulk of the German bombs landed in the Gorky Automobile Plant region. Despite the fact that practically all of the plant’s manufacturing sites were totally destroyed, Gorky residents rebuilt the facility in 100 days.

Gorky became a “closed city” after the war and remained such until the Soviet Union’s disintegration in 1990. The city was called Nizhny Novgorod during the time.

The metro was inaugurated in 1985. Vladimir Putin inaugurated the new 70th Anniversary of Victory Plant, part of the Almaz-Antey Air and Space Defence Corporation, in 2016.

The Kremlin, the city’s major hub, houses the city’s principal government institutions as well as the Volga Federal District.

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Nizhniy Novgorad | Introduction

Nizhniy Novgorad – Info Card

POPULATION :  1,267,760
FOUNDED :   1221
LANGUAGE :  Russian
AREA :  460 km2 (180 sq mi)
ELEVATION :   200 m (700 ft)
COORDINATES :  56°19′37″N 44°00′27″E
SEX RATIO :  Male: 46.5%
 Female: 53.5%
AREA CODE :  831
POSTAL CODE :  603000–603999
DIALING CODE :   +7 831

Tourism in Nizhniy Novgorad

The Russian Revival and Stalin Empire styles are used to build most of the city’s downtown. The majestic Kremlin (1500–1511), with its red-brick towers, dominates the city skyline. The only old building surviving inside the Kremlin walls after Bolshevik destruction is the tent-like Archangel Cathedral (1624–31), which was initially erected in stone in the 13th century.

The city has around 600 distinct historic, architectural, and cultural landmarks.

Nizhny Novgorod has over 200 municipal and regional art and cultural institutes. There are eight theaters, five concert halls, 97 libraries (with branches), seventeen movie theaters (including five movie theaters for children), twenty-five institutes of children optional education, eight museums (sixteen with branches), and seven parks among these facilities.

Nizhny Novgorod’s art gallery is a huge and significant art gallery as well as a museum of human history and culture.

Nizhny Novgorod has a great and extraordinary art gallery with over 12,000 exhibits, an enormous collection of works by Russian artists such as Viktor Vasnetsov, Karl Briullov, Ivan Shishkin, Ivan Kramskoi, Ilya Yefimovich Repin, Isaak Iljitsch Lewitan, Vasily Surikov, Ivan Aivazovsky, there are also greater collections of works by Boris Kustodiev and Nicholas

Finally, what makes this gallery so noteworthy is its incredible collection of Russian avant-garde art, which includes works by Kazimir Malevich, Wassily Kandinsky, Natalia Goncharova, Mikhail Larionov, and others. There is also an East Asian art collection.

Climate of Nizhniy Novgorad

The climate in the area is continental, namely humid continental (Dfb), and is similar to that of Moscow, but cooler in winter, which lasts from late November to late March and has a persistent snow cover. In July, average temperatures vary from +19 °C (66 °F) to +9 °C (16 °F).

Economy of Nizhniy Novgorad


Nizhny Novgorod is one of Russia’s IT industry hotspots. In terms of the number of software R&D providers, it is among the top Russian cities. In the city, Intel maintains a large software R&D facility with over 500 engineers, as well as a substantial datacenter. There are also a number of offshore outsourcing software developers in Nizhny Novgorod, including Bell Integrator, Itseez, Tecom, Luximax Systems Ltd., MERA Networks, RealEast Networks, Auriga, SoftDrom, and Teleca, as well as many other smaller companies specializing in service delivery to telecommunication vendors.

There are twenty-five scientific research and development institutions focusing on telecommunications, radio technology, theoretical and applied physics, and thirty-three higher educational institutions, including Nizhny Novgorod State Medical Academy, Nizhny Novgorod State University, Nizhny Novgorod Technical University, and Nizhny Novgorod Institute of Information Technologies, which focuses on information technologies, software development, system administration, and telecommunications.

Nizhny Novgorod has also been selected as one of four locations for the development of an IT-oriented technology park—a special zone with developed infrastructure and advantageous tax and customs policies.


The engineering industry is the most important sector of the Nizhny Novgorod economy. It is mostly focused on transportation, including the car industry, shipbuilding, diesel engines, aircraft manufacturing, and machine tools, with the auto industry leading the way (50 percent ).

Internet, Communication in Nizhniy Novgorad


It should be noted that Nizhny Novgorod is in the Volga region zone, therefore SIM cards bought elsewhere, such as in Moscow or Saint Petersburg, may incur roaming costs.

There are payphones in the streets, but phone cards may only be purchased at post offices and a few newspaper kiosks.


Most hotels, retail malls, university buildings, restaurants and cafés, the airport, and some metro stations provide free WiFi.



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