Saturday, October 16, 2021

Switzerland

EuropeSwitzerland

Switzerland is a federal republic in Europe, formally known as the Swiss Confederation. It is divided into 26 cantons, with the federal authority headquartered in Bern. The nation is located in Western-Central Europe and is bounded on the south by Italy, on the west by France, on the north by Germany, and on the east by Austria and Liechtenstein. Switzerland is a landlocked nation separated physically by the Alps, the Swiss Plateau, and the Jura. It has an area of 41,285 square kilometers (15,940 sq mi). While the Alps dominate the landscape, the Swiss population of roughly eight million people is located mostly on the plateau, which is home to the country’s major cities, including the two global cities and economic centers Zürich and Geneva.

The Old Swiss Confederacy was founded in the late medieval century as a consequence of a series of military victories against Austria and Burgundy. In 1648, the Peace of Westphalia officially acknowledged Switzerland’s independence from the Holy Roman Empire. The country’s military neutrality dates all the way back to the Reformation; it has not been at war on a global scale since 1815 and did not join the United Nations until 2002. Despite this, it maintains an active foreign policy and is often engaged in global peace-building initiatives. Apart from being the origin of the Red Cross, Switzerland is home to a plethora of international organizations, including the United Nations’ second biggest headquarters. It is a founding member of the European Free Trade Association on the European level, but is not a member of the European Union or the European Economic Area. However, via bilateral accords, it is a member of the Schengen Area and the European Single Market.

Switzerland, which is at the crossroads of Germanic and Romance Europe, is divided into four distinct language and cultural regions: German, French, Italian, and Romansh. Although the majority of the population speaks German, Swiss national identity is based on a shared historical heritage, shared ideals such as federalism and direct democracy, and Alpine symbols. Switzerland is known by a number of indigenous names due to its linguistic diversity: Schweiz [vats] (German); Suisse [sis()] (French); Svizzera [zvittsera] (Italian); and Svizra[vitsr] or [vits] (Swiss) (Romansh). Latin (sometimes abbreviated as “Helvetia”) is used on coins and stamps in place of the four live languages.

Switzerland is one of the world’s most developed nations, according to the IMF, with the greatest nominal wealth per adult and the ninth highest per capita gross domestic output. Switzerland ranks near the top of many worldwide performance indicators, including government transparency, civil rights, living quality, economic competitiveness, and human development. Zürich and Geneva have both been rated among the world’s best cities for quality of life, with the former coming in second worldwide, according to Mercer.

Switzerland | Introduction

Switzerland, formally called the Swiss Confederation, is a Federal Republic on the European continent. It is made up of 26 cantons, and the City of Bern is the seat of the federal authorities. The country is located in central-western Europe, bordering Italy in the south, France in the west,...

How To Travel To Switzerland

By plane The main international airports are in Zurich IATA: ZRH, Geneva IATA: GVA and Basel (for the Swiss part: IATA: BSL), with smaller airports in LuganoIATA: LUG and Bern IATA: BRN. Some airlines fly to Friedrichshafen, which is on the other side of Lake Constance at Romanshorn, not far...

How To Travel Around Switzerland

By plane As Switzerland probably has the best developed public transport system in the world and the country's airports are not that far apart, domestic air traffic is very limited. Routes offered by Swiss International Airlines and Etihad Regional include Zurich-Geneva, Zurich-Lugano and Geneva-Lugano. In most cases, the train, sometimes...

Visa & Passport Requirements for Switzerland

Switzerland is a member of the Schengen Agreement. There are normally no border controls between the countries that have signed and implemented the treaty. This includes most countries of the European Union and a few other countries. Before boarding an international flight or ship, there is usually an identity check. Sometimes...

Destinations in Switzerland

Regions in Switzerland Politically, Switzerland is divided into 26 cantons, but the following regions will be more useful for the traveller: Western SwitzerlandFrom the north shore of Lake Geneva and the Alps to the Jura. Bern RegionThe central region of traditional Bernese influence Bernese OberlandThe majestic Bernese Alps Central SwitzerlandThe birthplace of the Swiss...

Weather & Climate in Switzerland

The climate is temperate, but varies considerably with altitude (on average around 6.5°C every 1000m). There are four clearly defined seasons, which bring changes in both temperature and precipitation. Switzerland experiences cold, cloudy, rainy/snowy winters and moderate to hot summers, with weather that can change very quickly; especially on...

Accommodation & Hotels in Switzerland

Most accommodation in Switzerland can now be found and booked through the main internet booking portals, even hotels and accommodation in remote areas. Nevertheless, most tourist regions in Switzerland have a tourist office where you can call to book a hotel for a small fee. Each city usually has...

Things To See in Switzerland

Chillon Castle: Castle near Montreux The Lavaux vineyards: on the shores of Lake Geneva The castles of Bellinzona: in the south of the canton of Ticino St. Gall Abbey The summit of Europe and the Sphinx Observatory: a "village" with a post office on the Jungfraujoch, 3,500 metres above Wengen Grande Dixence: a 285-metre-high...

Things To Do in Switzerland

Switzerland is world famous for skiing, but the country is also suitable for many other outdoor activities such as hiking and mountain biking. Mountaineering, from easy to very difficult, is also practised in Switzerland, and there is hardly a place with a longer tradition of it. Some routes, such...

Food & Drinks in Switzerland

Food in Switzerland Although Switzerland has a long tradition of culinary exchange with its neighbours' cuisine, it has a number of emblematic dishes of its own. Switzerland is famous for many types of cheese such as Gruyère, Emmentaler (simply called "Swiss cheese" in the USA) and Appenzeller, to name just a...

Money & Shopping in Switzerland

Currency Switzerland is not part of the eurozone and the currency is the Swiss franc (or franc, or franco, depending on which language zone you are in), divided into 100 centimes, centimes or centesimi. However, some places - such as supermarkets, restaurants, tourist attraction counters, hotels and railways, or ATMs...

Festivals & Holidays in Switzerland

Holidays Public holidays are regulated at cantonal level (except 1 August) and can vary greatly. However, they are those that are observed (almost) everywhere: New Year's Day: 1 January (one of the three public holidays legally recognised by each canton). St. Berchtold: 2 January (in many cantons and municipalities it is a...

Traditions & Customs in Switzerland

English is widely spoken in Switzerland, but any attempt to speak the local language is always appreciated, even if you are answered in English. It is always polite to ask if you speak English before starting a conversation. Make an effort to learn at least the words "hello", "goodbye", "please"...

Internet & Communications in Switzerland

Many of the internet cafés that popped up in the 1990s have now closed, probably because Switzerland has one of the highest rates of high-speed internet connections in the world in households, but there may be a few internet terminals in some major train stations. The tourist office should...

Language & Phrasebook in Switzerland

Switzerland has four official languages at federal level, namely German, French, Italian and Romansh, and the main language spoken depends on which part of the country you are in. The cantons are free to choose which official language they want to adopt, and some cities such as Biel and...

Culture Of Switzerland

Three of the most important European languages are official languages in Switzerland. Swiss culture is characterised by its diversity, which is reflected in a variety of traditional customs. A region may in some ways be strongly culturally linked to the neighbouring country that shares its language, since the country...

History Of Switzerland

Switzerland has existed as a state in its present form since the adoption of the Swiss Federal Constitution in 1848. The forerunners of Switzerland concluded a protective alliance at the end of the 13th century (1291) and formed a loose confederation of states that lasted for centuries. Ancient history The oldest...

Stay Safe & Healthy in Switzerland

Stay safe in Switzerland Switzerland is unsurprisingly one of the safest countries in Europe, but any place that attracts Rolex-wearing bankers and throngs of distracted tourists is bound to produce a few pickpockets too. Clearly, you need to keep an eye on your business, especially amid the summer crowds. In...

Travel S Helper

World Travel Guide

Everything you need to know about your next destination. Best things from Alaska till Australia, from the Earth and around it.

Magazin

Enjoying our content?

Subscribe and receive a weekly newsletter packed with awesome stories to inspire you!