Thursday, May 26, 2022
Alexandria Travel Guide - Travel S Helper


Alexandria is Egypt’s second biggest city and a key commercial hub, stretching 32 kilometers (20 miles) along the Mediterranean Sea coast in the country’s north central region. It is very susceptible to rising sea levels due to its low height in the Nile delta. Alexandria is Egypt’s busiest seaport, handling around 80% of the country’s imports and exports. Because of its natural gas and oil pipelines from Suez, it is a major industrial hub. Alexandria is a popular tourist attraction as well.

Alexander the Great established Alexandria around a minor Ancient Egyptian settlement circa 331 BC. It grew to be an important hub of Hellenistic civilisation, and it served as the capital of Hellenistic, Roman, and Byzantine Egypt for about 1000 years, until the Muslim conquest of Egypt in AD 641, when a new capital was established at Fustat (later absorbed into Cairo).

Hellenistic The Lighthouse of Alexandria (Pharos), one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, Alexandria’s Great Library (the greatest in the ancient world; now replaced by a contemporary one), and the Necropolis, one of the Seven Wonders of the Middle Ages, are among the city’s most famous attractions. After Rome, Alexandria was the second most powerful city in the ancient world. The ongoing marine archaeology in Alexandria’s port, which started in 1994, is uncovering information about Alexandria both before Alexander’s arrival and throughout the Ptolemaic dynasty, when a city called Rhacotis existed there.

Alexandria became a significant hub of international shipping and one of the world’s most important commercial capitals in the late 18th century, owing to the easy overland link between the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea, as well as the profitable Egyptian cotton trade.

Alexandria – Info Card

POPULATION :  4,546,231
TIME ZONE : EST (UTC+2)    Summer:  (UTC+3)
LANGUAGE : Arabic (official), English and French widely understood by educated classes
RELIGION : Muslim (mostly Sunni) 90%, Coptic 9%, other Christian 1%
AREA :  2,679 km2 (1,034 sq mi)
COORDINATES : 31°12′N 29°55′E
SEX RATIO : Male: 50.22%
 Female: 49.78%
ETHNIC :Egyptian 99.6%, other 0.4%
DIALING CODE : (+20) 3
WEBSITE :official website

Tourism in Alexandria

Due to its public and private beaches, rich history, and museums, particularly the Bibliotheca Alexandrina, based on restoring the ancientLibrary of Alexandria, Alexandria is a popular summer resort and tourist destination.

Every year, the city hosts the Cross Egypt Challenge, which is one of the city’s most popular tourist attractions. Cross Egypt Challenge, which began in 2011, is an international cross-country motorcycle and scooter rally that takes place on Egypt’s most demanding routes and highways. Alexandria is the annual starting point for the Cross Egypt Challenge, and a large celebration is held the night before the rally begins, when all of the foreign participants have arrived in the city.

Climate of Alexandria

Alexandria has a hot desert climate that approaches semi-aridity (BSh), although unlike the rest of Egypt’s northern coast, the city is protected from the desert hinterland by the prevailing north breeze that blows over the Mediterranean.

The wettest locations in Egypt are Rafah and Alexandria; the other wettest places are Rosetta, Baltim, Kafr el-Dawwar, and Mersa Matruh. The Mediterranean Sea influences the city’s climate, lowering temperatures and creating variably wet winters and fairly hot summers that may be highly humid at times.

The coldest months are January and February, with daily maximum temperatures ranging from 12 to 18 °C (54 to 64 °F) and minimum temperatures as low as 5 °C (41 °F).

During the colder months, Alexandria is subjected to intense storms, rain, and sometimes sleet and hail; these phenomena, along with an inadequate drainage system, have resulted in floods throughout the city. With an average daily maximum temperature of 30 °C (86 °F), July and August are the warmest and driest months of the year. The average yearly rainfall is roughly 200 mm (7.9 in), however it has reached 417 mm on rare occasions (16.4 in).

How To Travel To Alexandria

BY PLAINEl Nouzha Airport, Alexandria's primary airport, offers a limited number of domestic flights and reasonably wide service to destinations around the Middle East. However, the sole link to Europe is via Athens. The airport is located 8 kilometers (5 miles) south of the city. A cab ride should...

How To Get Around In Alexandria

You can travel pretty much everywhere in Alexandria by taking the local transport accessible along the Corniche.BY TAXIThe city's yellow and black cabs are a convenient and inexpensive method to get around Alexandria. However, taxis will almost always refuse to utilize meters (the prices haven't changed in years), and drivers...

Districts & Neighbourhoods In Alexandria

DistrictsThere are six districts in modern Alexandria:al-Montaza District: population 1,190,287Shark (Eastern Alexandria) District: population 985,786Wassat (Central Alexandria) District: population 520,450al-Amriya District: population 845,845Agamy (Western Alexandria) District: population 386,374al-Gomrok District: population 145,558Metropolitan Alexandria is made up of two cities that are under the Alexandria governorate's jurisdiction:Borg Al-Arab city: population 186,900New...

Prices in Alexandria

Tourist (Backpacker) - 32 $ per day. Estimated cost per 1 day including:meals in cheap restaurant,public transport, cheap hotel.Tourist (Regular) - 104 $ per day. Estimated cost per 1 day including:mid-range meals and drinks, transportation, hotel.MARKET / SUPERMARKETMilk1 liter$0.90Tomatoes1 kg$0.43Cheese0.5 kg$4.00Apples1 kg$1.40Oranges1 kg$0.40Beer (domestic)0.5 l$0.90Bottle of Wine1 bottle$7.00Coca-Cola2 liters$0.86Bread1 piece$0.31Water1.5...

Sights & Landmarks In Alexandria

Historical monumentsCitadel of Qaitbay, Ras el-Tin (yellow tram #25),  +20 3-4809144. 9AM-4PM. The stronghold, which overlooks the Mediterranean Sea and the city itself, is one of the city's emblems and is situated in a lovely position. Built in 1477 AD by Mameluke Sultan Abdul-Nasser Qa'it Bay, it has been demolished and rebuilt thrice since...

Museums & Galleries In Alexandria

Alexandria National Museum, Latin quarter,  +20 3-4835519, +20 3-4838035. The History Museum houses over 1800 archaeological artifacts arranged chronologically: the basement is devoted to prehistoric and pharaonic times; the first floor is devoted to the Graeco-Roman period; and the second floor is devoted to the Coptic and Islamic eras, with an emphasis on...

Things To Do In Alexandria

Enjoy in the sun at Maa'moura or Montazah beaches. Summertime, the beaches are densely filled with Egyptian visitors, parasols, and plastic chairs, and admission costs LE 5 (2008). At this time of year, the sand and water may include some floating plastic. Certain sites charge LE 20 for additional...

Food & Restaurants in Alexandria

Alexandria is well-known for having some of the country's greatest seafood restaurants.BudgetIf you want to dine affordably in Alexandria, seek out establishments frequented by locals. Bear in mind that, due to Egypt's low health inspections, you should exercise caution at the majority of these restaurants if your immune...

Shopping In Alexandria

Numerous establishments seem to have established shopping hours. Winter hours: Tuesday, Wednesday, Friday, and Saturday from 9 a.m. to 10 p.m.; Monday and Thursday from 9 a.m. to 11 a.m. Hours fluctuate throughout Ramadan, with many stores shutting on Sunday. Summer hours: Tuesday, Wednesday, Friday, and Sunday, 9 a.m....

Nightlife In Alexandria

BarsVisitors to today's Alexandria sometimes grumble that it's difficult to locate a nice drinking establishment, despite the fact that the city had a labyrinth of pubs and nightclubs 50 years ago.Spitfire Bar, Sa'ad Zaghloul St. Despite its prominent placement on the corner of a square on this bustling street, it's easy...

Festivals & Events In Alexandria

Numerous Alexandria festivities are religious in nature. They have a number of festivals and festivities that demonstrate their fervent faith in the deity they serve. Apart from religious festivals, they also have secular festivities like as public holidays and other occasions to showcase their vibrant culture and customs.You Belong,...

Stay Safe & Healthy In Alexandria

Despite the fact that crime is seldom serious, stay on the lookout for pickpockets and avoid flashing your belongings or wearing a bum bag/fanny pack. Tourists may be harassed by street children, taxi drivers, and others. After a couple of severe "La!"s, they typically stop. "La shukran!" (no thanks)...



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