Thursday, May 26, 2022
Cairo Travel Guide - Travel S Helper

Cairo

Cairo is Egypt’s capital and, with a population of over 16 million people in the Greater Cairo metropolitan area, one of Africa’s and the Middle East’s most populous cities (the regions which it conveniently straddles). It is also the world’s 19th biggest city and one of the world’s most densely inhabited.

Cairo, on the Nile River, is known for its unique history, which is maintained in the magnificent medieval Islamic city and Coptic buildings in Old Cairo, which has been designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. With its many Ancient Egyptian treasures, the Egyptian Museum in the city center is a must-see, as is shopping in the Khan al-Khalili market. A visit to the Giza Pyramids and the neighboring Saqqara Pyramid Complex, where tourists may witness Egypt’s first step pyramid, constructed by the architect Imhotep for the third dynasty king Djoser, is a must for every visitor to Cairo.

Cairo, although steeped in history, is nevertheless home to a thriving contemporary civilization. Built in the 19th century during the administration of Khedive Ismail, the Midan Tahrir district in central Cairo long aspired to be a “Paris on the Nile.” There are also a number of more contemporary suburbs, including as Ma’adi and Heliopolis, as well as Zamalek, a peaceful enclave on Gezira Island with upscale shopping. The ideal time to visit Cairo is in the autumn or spring, when the temperature is cooler. A felucca ride on the Nile or a visit to Al-Azhar Park are both excellent ways to get away from the hustle and bustle of the city.

Tourists have departed Cairo in considerable numbers since the 2011 revolution and continuing counter-revolution. This has allowed for unique experiences of Cairo’s and Egypt’s cultural riches away from the masses. It’s now possible to find oneself alone within a pyramid. Prices are also less expensive.

Cairo – Info Card

POPULATION : City: 10,230,350 /  Metro: 20,439,541
FOUNDED :  969 AD
TIME ZONE : EET (UTC+2)
LANGUAGE : Arabic (official), English and French widely used by educated classes
RELIGION : Muslim (mostly Sunni) 90%, Coptic 9%, other Christian 1%
AREA : 630 km2 (240 sq mi)
ELEVATION : 23 m (75 ft)
COORDINATES : 30°3′N 31°14′E
SEX RATIO : Male: 50.22%
 Female: 49.78%
ETHNIC : Egyptian 99.6%, other 0.4%
AREA CODE : 2
POSTAL CODE : 
DIALING CODE : (+20) 2
WEBSITE : official website

Tourism in Cairo

Egypt has served as a crossroads for various civilizations throughout history, dating back over four thousand years. The Pharaohs, as well as the Greeks, Babylonians, and Romans, have left their mark. Islam was brought to Egypt by Muslims from the Arabian Peninsula, commanded by Amr ibn al-A’as. With his Albanian ancestors, Khedive Mohammad Ali set Egypt on the path to modernity. Given its history, the city’s cultural diversity is only inevitable. Egypt is like to an open museum, with monuments from various historical eras on exhibit all around the country.

Cairo’s nocturnal culture is ascribed not just to young people in nightclubs, but also to the prominence of cafés, which stay open late as social meeting places for shisha smokers, and even to the late-night public activity of families with children.

Cairo is also one of the few Muslim cities with a number of casinos.

Egypt’s finest retail mall, Citystars, is equivalent to an international mall. It carries the majority of multinational brands and cuisine chains. It has a movie theater and an amusement park. The Mall of Arabia is a brand new, large retail mall in the 6 October City suburbs. It is Cairo’s second-largest retail mall, with many of the same American and European brands as Citystars.

Climate of Cairo

The climate of Cairo and the Nile River Valley is a hot desert environment with considerable humidity due to its proximity to the Mediterranean Sea and the Nile Delta.

From March through May, wind storms are common, blowing Saharan dust into the city, and the air is frequently unbearably dry.

In the winter, highs vary from 19 to 29 °C (66 to 84 °F), while lows fall below 11 °C (52 °F), often to 5 °C (41 °F).

Summer highs seldom exceed 40 degrees Celsius (104 degrees Fahrenheit), while lows hover around 20 degrees Celsius (68 degrees Fahrenheit).

Geography of Cairo

Cairo lies in northern Egypt’s Lower Egypt region, some 165 kilometers (100 miles) south of the Mediterranean Sea and 120 kilometers (75 miles) west of the Gulf of Suez and Suez Canal.

The city is located along the Nile River, just south of where it leaves its desert-bound valley and branches into the low-lying Nile Delta area. Despite the fact that the Cairo metropolis stretches in all directions away from the Nile, the city of Cairo only occupies the east bank of the river and two islands within it, with a total area of 453 square kilometers (175 sq mi).

The northern and extreme eastern areas of Cairo, which contain satellite towns, are among the city’s newest expansions, having been built to support the city’s fast development in the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries. The Nile’s western bank is generally included in Cairo’s metropolitan area, although it also includes the city of Giza and the Giza Governorate. Giza has also grown significantly in recent years, and the city now boasts a population of 2.7 million people, although being a suburb of Cairo.

Economy of Cairo

Cairo is home to 11% of Egypt’s population and 22% of the country’s GDP (PPP).

Cairo is the epicenter of Egypt in every way, as it has been since its establishment in 969 AD. The city generates or travels through the bulk of the nation’s trade. The vast majority of publishing firms and media outlets, as well as virtually all film studios and half of the country’s hospital beds and universities, are all present. This has fuelled fast development in the city, with one out of every five structures being less than 15 years old.

Internet, Comunication in Cairo

Cairo’s main post office is located in Midan Ataba (open 7AM-7PM Sa – Th, 7AM-12 noon Fr and holidays). The poste restante office is located down the side street to the right of the main post office entrance and is accessible via the final door (open 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. Saturday through Thursday, 10 a.m. to 12 p.m. Friday and holidays) – mail will be stored for three weeks. For international and domestic usage, there are two types of postal boxes. They are usually spotted in couples on the street, and are green and yellow in hue. It is stated that regardless of the method you employ, your letter will be delivered.

In Cairo, like in many other Egyptian and Middle Eastern cities, the Internet is fast expanding. There are currently a plethora of established internet cafés and venues, with a growing number of new ones starting each month. A rising number of cafés, such as Cilantro and Beanos, provide free internet, and if all else fails, you can always try the network at a McDonalds. WiFi is often provided at a cost in luxury hotels. In addition, mobile companies provide USB dongles that enable reasonably high-speed internet connection.

Cell phones are a part of life in Egypt. Most Egyptians seem to be glued to mobile phones whether walking along the street or on a packed bus (similar to what you may find in Japan or Korea). Consider getting an Egyptian SIM card or an inexpensive unlocked phone instead than using your phone from your own country (which frequently has extremely high roaming costs). Mobinil and Vodafone Egypt are Egypt’s two primary carriers.

How To Travel To Cairo

BY PLAINWith over 16 million passengers each year, Cairo International Airport is Africa's second busiest airport. Egyptair, the national airline, and its Star Alliance members Singapore Airlines, Lufthansa, Swiss, Austrian, and LOT) provide excellent service. Air France, KLM, and Alitalia are members of the Sky Team, whereas British Airways...

How To Get Around In Cairo

If you want to move around Cairo on your own, you'll find that having numerous maps handy is a good idea. Street and place names are spelled differently from map to map and from map to real location, and not every street will show on every map.BY METROThe first...

Prices in Cairo

Tourist (Backpacker) - 32 $ per day. Estimated cost per 1 day including: meals in cheap restaurant, public transport, cheap hotel.Tourist (regular) - 77 $ per day. Estimated cost per 1 day including: mid-range meals and drinks, transportation, hotel.MARKET / SUPERMARKETMilk1 liter$ 1.15Tomatoes1 kg$ 0.60Cheese0.5 kg$ 2.70Apples1 kg$ 1.98 Oranges1...

Districts & Neighbourhoods In Cairo

Greater Cairo is a massive metropolis with a population of over 17 million people, making it Africa's and the Middle East's biggest metropolitan region. Tahrir Square is the focal point.MIDAN TAHRIRMidan El Tahrir is the heart of the contemporary city, with large hotels, transportation hubs, and the Egyptian Museum,...

Sights & Landmarks In Cairo

Pyramids of Giza and the Sphinx. It is the country's most renowned tourist destination and the only preserved monument of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.Egyptian Museum (250 m north of Tahrir square),  +20 2 25796948. The Egyptian Museum, formally called Museum of Egyptian Antiquities but often known as the Egyptian...

Museums & Galleries In Cairo

Egyptian Museum Located in the Midan Tahrir neighborhood, it is formally known as the Museum of Egyptian Antiquities but is more often referred to as the Egyptian Museum. It has the world's finest collection of ancient Egyptian antiquities.(250 m north of Tahrir square),  +20 2 25796948. Museu do CairoThe Egyptian Museum in...

Things To Do In Cairo

Coffee and shishaEl Fishawy's coffee shop in Khan El-Khalili serves coffee, mint tea, and Cola. Watch the world go by while smoking a shisha water pipe (try the "double apple" flavor). Excellent value for money.FeluccaAlong the Nile River, take a felucca ride. A fantastic way to unwind and spend...

Food & Restaurants In Cairo

Cairo offers a large number of restaurants that appeal to a wide range of tastes. Ironically, any eateries featured in popular guidebooks should be avoided. After getting listed, Egyptian eateries have a propensity of creating a unique English menu with exorbitant rates. However, affordable food may be obtained at...

Coffee & Drinks in Cairo

Cairo has a diverse assortment of drinking establishments, from the most historic to the most stylish and sophisticated. On the opposite end of the spectrum, practically every street in Cairo has a classic coffee shop, 'ahwa, a traditionally male institution of social life that dates back hundreds of years....

Shopping In Cairo

Citystars is Egypt's top retail mall and is on par with an international mall. It carries the majority of foreign brands as well as the majority of international culinary chains. It has a cinema and an amusement park. Mall of Arabia is a brand new, huge retail mall in...

Nightlife in Cairo

Cairo, for a Muslim country's capital, is quite open when it comes to alcohol drinking. Every big hotel has a variety of pubs and dance clubs, some of which are open 24 hours a day. Downtown is the place to go if you want to discover Cairo's less upscale...

Festivals & Events In Cairo

Cairo International Film FestivalEgypt's appreciation of the arts in general may be traced back to the Pharaohs' rich legacy. Egypt has had a rich cinematic legacy since the early twentieth century, when the art of filming was initially pioneered. Cinema quickly blossomed into a massive motion picture business as...

Stay Safe & Healthy In Cairo

Stay safeCivil unrest has been a chronic concern in Cairo since 2011, when a revolution deposed President Hosni Mubarak. President Mohamed Morsi was deposed in July 2013, sparking deadly street protests and riots. Protests in Tahrir Square and others, although typically nonviolent in nature, may quickly turn violent, posing...

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