Luxor is the capital of the Luxor Governorate in Upper (southern) Egypt. The city has a population of 487,896 people (2010 estimate), and covers an area of around 416 square kilometers (161 sq mi).
Luxor has long been referred to be the “world’s biggest open-air museum” due to the presence of the remains of the Karnak and Luxor temple complexes inside the current city. Immediately opposite, across the Nile, are the West Bank Necropolis’s monuments, temples, and tombs, which include the Valley of the Kings and Queens.
Thousands of visitors from all over the globe visit these sites each year, significantly contributing to the contemporary city’s economy.
Luxor is the most popular tourist attraction in Upper Egypt (southern Egypt) and the Nile Valley. Luxor, Egypt’s dynastic and religious capital, has plenty to offer the traveler, from massive temples to old royal tombs, via breathtaking desert and river landscapes to a busy contemporary life.
Luxor is to be transformed into a gigantic open-air museum as part of a contentious tourist development proposal. The master plan calls for the construction of new roads, five-star hotels, glamorous stores, and an IMAX theater. The centerpiece is a $11 million initiative to uncover and rebuild the 2.7-kilometer-long (1.7-mile-long) Avenue of Sphinxes that originally connected Luxor and Karnak temples. The ancient processional route was constructed by Amenhotep III and completed by Nectanebo I about 400 BCE. Over a thousand sphinx sculptures lined the road that is now being dug due to silt, residences, mosques, and churches. Excavation began in 2004.