Saturday, October 16, 2021

Cuba

Cuba, formally the Republic of Cuba, is a nation comprised of the island of Cuba, Isla de la Juventud, and a number of smaller archipelagos. Cuba is situated in the northern Caribbean, near the confluence of the Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Mexico, and Atlantic Ocean. It is located south of both Florida and the Bahamas in the United States, west of Haiti, and north of Jamaica. Havana is the capital and biggest city; other significant cities include Santiago de Cuba and Camagüey. Cuba is the Caribbean’s biggest island, with an area of 109,884 square kilometers (42,426 square miles), and the second most populated after Hispaniola, with a population of over 11 million.

Cuba was inhabited by Amerindian tribes prior to Spanish invasion in the late 15th century. It remained a Spanish colony until 1898, when the Spanish–American War resulted in formal independence as a de facto protectorate of the United States in 1902. Cuba tried to develop its democratic system as a fledgling republic, but increasing political radicalism and socioeconomic conflict resulted in Fulgencio Batista’s dictatorship in 1952. Further turmoil and instability resulted in Batista’s demise in January 1959 at the hands of the July 26 Movement, which later created a government headed by Fidel Castro. The state has been ruled by the Communist Party of Cuba since 1965. A source of disagreement between the Soviet Union and the United States during the Cold War, a nuclear war almost broke out during the 1962 Cuban Missile Crisis.

Cuba is culturally regarded to be a part of Latin America. It is a multiethnic nation whose people, culture, and traditions stem from a variety of sources, including the indigenous Tano and Ciboney peoples, a lengthy history of Spanish colonization, the importation of African slaves, and a Cold War-era strong connection with the Soviet Union.

Cuba is a Marxist–Leninist one-party state, with the Constitution enshrining the vanguard Communist Party’s position. Independent human rights monitors have accused the Cuban government of a slew of human rights violations, including arbitrary detention and torture. It is one of the world’s remaining planned economies, with exports of sugar, tobacco, coffee, and skilled labor dominating the economy. Cuba is classified as a nation with a high level of human development by the Human Development Index, ranking ninth in North America. Additionally, it scores favorably on many national performance indicators, including health care and education.

Cuba | Introduction

Cuba, officially the Republic of Cuba, is a state comprising the island of Cuba as well as Isla de la Juventud and several smaller island groups. Cuba is located in the northern Caribbean Sea, where the Caribbean Sea, the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic Ocean meet. It lies...

How To Travel To Cuba

By air Havana Jose Martí International Airport, outside Havana, is the main gateway and is served by major airlines from points in Canada, Mexico and Europe. A direct flight to Beijing was introduced in 2016. There are also regional flights from other Caribbean islands. Cuba's national airline, Cubana de Aviacion, connects...

How To Travel Around Cuba

By bus The bus is the most popular way to get around the island. There are two long-distance bus lines, Viazul, which is usually for tourists, and Astro, which is usually for locals. Shorter routes are served by local provincial buses. Viazul Víazul is Cuba's main tourist bus line and the most...

Visa & Passport Requirements for Cuba

A tourist visa (visa de tarjeta del turista) is required for travellers from most nations. This visa, which is little more than a piece of paper on which you write your personal details, costs between 15 and 25 CUC (or €15-25), depending on where it is purchased. It can...

Tourism in Cuba

Tourism in Cuba is an industry that generates more than 2 million arrivals per year and is one of the island's main sources of income. With its favourable climate, beaches, colonial architecture and distinct cultural history, Cuba has long been an attractive destination for tourists. "Cuba maintains 253 protected...

Destinations in Cuba

Regions in Cuba Western Cuba (Pinar del Rio, Havana, Matanzas, Isla de la Juventud)The capital, the hills of Pinar del Rio and an off-the-beaten-track island where you can go diving make for an exciting region. Central Cuba (Camagüey (province), Villa Clara, Cienfuegos, Sancti Spíritus, Ciego de Ávila) Eastern Cuba (Las Tunas, Holguin,...

Weather & Climate in Cuba

As the entire island lies south of the Tropic of Cancer, the local climate is tropical, tempered by the northeast trade winds that blow all year round. The temperature is also determined by the Caribbean Current, which brings warm water from the equator. Cuba's climate is therefore warmer than...

Accommodation & Hotels in Cuba

Casas particulares If you want to experience some of the real Cuban life, the best places to stay are casas particulares, which are private houses licensed to offer accommodation to foreigners. A casa particular is essentially a private family establishment that provides paid accommodation, usually on a short-term basis. In...

Things To Do in Cuba

Stroll Havana's Malecon in the early evening and soak up Havana's culture. Watch out for prostitutes, as mentioned above; they are plentiful in this area, especially in the sections where rich white male tourists are known to hang out. If you have the money (usually about $60 or...

Food & Drinks in Cuba

Food in Cuba The restaurants are owned and operated by the government and the food ranges from bland to spicy. Generally, the spicy dishes are not as hot as the hot peppers found on some other Caribbean islands. The Cuban national dish is rice and beans (moros y cristianos), and...

Money & Shopping in Cuba

Currency in Cuba Dual currency system Two currencies circulate in Cuba, the Cuban Convertible Peso (CUC) and the Cuban Peso (CUP). The wide circulation of US dollars in Cuba ended in November 2004. Cuban convertible pesos are called kooks by the locals and are the currency most tourists will use in Cuba....

Traditions & Customs in Cuba

Cubans are generally friendly and helpful people. Remember that they earn about US$15 a month; if they can help you, they probably will, but they expect you to return the favour. If you are invited to a Cuban's house for dinner, accept the invitation. You will really be treated...

Language & Phrasebook in Cuba

The official language of Cuba is Spanish, very similar to the Spanish of the Dominican Republic and Puerto Rico, although the version here is very different from that spoken in Spain (although it is quite similar to that spoken in the Canary Islands, as many Cubans are descendants of...

Internet & Communications in Cuba

Internet Cuba is inherently one of the most expensive and difficult places to communicate. In Cuba, internet is provided by the state-owned telecommunications company ETESCA (under the brand name Nauta) and is only available at airports, upscale hotels and government communication centres. Finding a high-end hotel or government communication centre in...

Culture Of Cuba

Cuban culture is characterised by a melting pot of different cultures, mainly from Spain and Africa. After the 1959 revolution, the government launched a national literacy campaign, offered free education for all and established rigorous sports, ballet and music programmes. Music Cuban music is very rich and is the best known...

History Of Cuba

Before Christopher Columbus landed in Cuba in 1492, the Taino people had long lived there. In 1511, the first Spanish settlement was founded by Diego Velázquez de Cuéllar in Baracoa, and other towns soon followed, including the future capital San Cristobal de Habana (Havana), founded in 1515. Cuba remained a...

Stay Safe & Healthy in Cuba

Stay Safe in Cuba Cuba is generally a very safe country; strict and extensive policing, coupled with neighbourhood watch groups (known as the Committee for the Defence of the Revolution, or C.D.R.) generally keeps the streets free of violent crime. Drug laws can be harsh and their enforcement unpredictable. The same...

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