Thursday, May 26, 2022
Austria travel guide - Travel S helper

Austria

Read next

Austria, formally the Republic of Austria, is a federal republic in Central Europe with a population of approximately 8.7 million people. It is bounded to the north by the Czech Republic and Germany, to the east by Hungary and Slovakia, to the south by Slovenia and Italy, and to the west by Switzerland and Liechtenstein. Austria has an area of 83,879 square kilometers (32,386 sq mi). The landscape is hilly, being within the Alps; only 32% of the nation is below 500 meters (1,640 feet), and the highest point is 3,798 meters (12,461 ft). The bulk of the population speaks local Bavarian dialects of German as their native language, while Austrian German is the country’s official language in its standard form. Hungarian, Burgenland Croatian, and Slovene are the other official languages in the region.

Austria’s roots may be traced back to the Habsburg dynasty, when the overwhelming bulk of the nation was a part of the Holy Roman Empire. Many Northern German rulers, resentful of the Emperor’s power, adopted Protestantism as a rebel banner from the time of the Reformation. The Thirty Years War, the influence of the Kingdoms of Sweden and France, the emergence of the Kingdom of Prussia, and the Napoleonic invasions all reduced the Emperor’s authority in the North of Germany, but the Emperor and Catholicism retained control in the South and non-German parts of the Empire. During the 17th and 18th centuries, Austria was able to maintain her status as one of Europe’s major powers, and the Austrian Empire was formally declared in 1804 in reaction to Napoleon’s crowning as Emperor of France. Following Napoleon’s fall, Prussia emerged as Austria’s main rival for dominance over a bigger Germany. During the Austro-Prussian War of 1866, Prussia defeated Austria in the Battle of Königgrätz, paving the way for Prussia to seize control of the rest of Germany. The empire was reorganized as Austria-Hungary in 1867. Following France’s loss in the 1870 Franco-Prussian War, Austria was excluded from the creation of a new German Empire, but its politics and foreign policy gradually converged with those of the Prussian-led Empire in the following decades. During the 1914 July Crisis, which followed the murder of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, Germany assisted Austria in delivering the ultimatum to Serbia, which resulted in the beginning of World War I.

Following the fall of the Habsburg (Austro-Hungarian) Empire in 1918 at the conclusion of World War I, Austria adopted and used the name the Republic of German-Austria (Deutschösterreich, subsequently sterreich) in an effort to union with Germany, but was barred by the Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye (1919). In 1919, the First Austrian Republic was founded. Austria was seized by Nazi Germany at the Anschluss in 1938. This lasted until the conclusion of World War II in 1945, when the Allies invaded Germany and Austria’s previous democratic constitution was restored. The Austrian State Treaty re-established Austria as a sovereign state in 1955, thus ending the occupation. The Austrian Parliament issued the Declaration of Neutrality the same year, declaring that the Second Austrian Republic would become permanently neutral.

Austria is now a parliamentary representative democracy with nine federal states. Vienna is the capital and biggest city, with a population of about 1.7 million people. Austria is one of the world’s wealthiest nations, with a nominal per capita GDP of $43,724. The nation has raised its quality of life and was rated 21st in the world for its Human Development Index in 2014. Austria has been a member of the United Nations since 1955, of the European Union since 1995, and of the OECD since its inception. Austria joined the Schengen Agreement in 1995 and accepted the euro in 1999.

Geography

Despite common belief, Austria is not only a country of mountains. Although the Alps comprise about 3/4 of the country, which is mainly dominated by the provinces of Vorarlberg, Tyrol, Salzburg, Styria, Upper Austria and Carinthia, the provinces of Lower Austria, Burgenland and the capital Vienna are more similar to the geography of its neighbors, the Czech Republic and Hungary. This varied mixture of sceneries is packed in a relatively small territory. Austria has glaciers, meadows, alpine valleys, forested foothills, gently rolling farmland, wineyards, river gorges, plains and even semi-arid steppes.

25% of the population lives in Greater Vienna, a major European metropolis in which the Danube meets the most eastern edge of the Alps, very close to the Slovakian border and to its capital Bratislava.

Practically all governmental, economic and cultural institutions including national media and major corporations have their headquarters in Vienna, mainly due to its geography and history. Therefore the capital city is dominating the political and cultural life of Austria and is obviously a world of its own. It has very little in common with the rest of mainly rural Austria and there are really no other large cities in the country except Graz and Linz. For example, in the Vorarlberg province, a funny joke is being made about Vienna’s domination of national affairs, which says: “The people in Western Austria earn the money and Vienna is spending it”.

Culture

Austria is a federation. Each of its 9 federal states has its own unique and diverse culture.

It is not easy to classify Austrians. The main reason why Austrians stand out from their European neighbors is that they are not different from others in any particular way. Austrians are moderate in their attitudes as well as in their behavior. The European culture is at a crossroads and is being influenced from several sides. The stereotype of a xenophobe singing, slapping his legs, and drinking beer (eating schnitzel) may be true for a few people, but it certainly is not true for the majority of Austrians.

The typical Austrian in the street is most likely friendly, but slightly restrained and formal, quiet and polite, law-abiding, socio-conservative, grounded, familiar, compliant, and a bit nepotistic, in the heart Catholic, not very religious, but a follower. He is traditionally polite, if not being cosmopolitan like other European cousins, cynical, and has a sarcastic and dry sense of humor.

In general, Austrians define themselves simply by what they are not. Tourists often make the mistake of classifying Austrians as Germans, which is not the case despite the common language (at least on paper). Southern Germany, especially Bavaria, is probably in many ways a close cultural relative of Austria. In fact, Austria’s regions resemble their neighbors, so you won’t notice that you have crossed a border, be it in South Tyrol to Italy, north of Bavaria or east of Hungary.

Austria and Germany are sister nations and enjoy excellent relations, but Mozart was Austrian or a Salzburg native, not a German! Austrians have had a hard time defining their nation for most of their history. Perhaps they are currently exposed to the greatest media influence in Germany, but they have a very different culture, especially from northern Germany. Historical minorities and individual cultures are valued, but they have to fight to survive.

Austria has a long history as a multicultural country – a look in the Vienna telephone book is enough to find out. Ironically, Northern Germany is a pioneer in integrating foreigners into Central European society. With the exception of Vienna, Austria remains a largely conservative and rural country. In fact, cultural conflicts and national identity are as complicated and difficult to understand for many Austrians as they are for visitors. The degree of personal awareness and opinions on this topic varies greatly from person to person but is usually subject to a particularly Austrian avoidance of the topic. It is better to try to see diversity and appreciate diversity than to jump to conclusions.

Therefore, many Austrians derive their identity from their region or state. For example, typical Corinthians would say that they are the first Corinthians and the second and perhaps third Austrians are Austrians. Asking which state someone comes from is usually the first question that Austrians ask when they first meet.

The fact that Austrians do not like manifestations of national identity can also be explained in part by Austria’s historical experiences in the Third Reich and especially by the violent use of national symbols in the growing Austro-fascist movement. as well as far-right. Freedom Party. This is also due to the fact that the current federal state of Austria is a relatively young and flexible federal republic with only 8 million inhabitants.

However, the National Opinion Research Center at the University of Chicago ranks Austria as the fifth most patriotic country in the world. Austrians love their country very much, but it is unlikely that they will falter. Perhaps Austria’s accession to the EU in 1995 and its recent introduction of the euro and Europe without borders have given it a stronger sense of meaning and self-esteem in the wider context of Europe.

The majority of Austrians are enjoying in the good life. Spending a significant amount of time enjoying themselves, eating, and drinking and having fun with their friends in a cozy atmosphere that makes them very hospitable. Members of the senior generation may be conservative in the sense of disapproving of extremes in some manner and being generally against changes. Generally, they enjoy some of the world’s highest living standards and want to keep it that way.

There is no well-defined class structure in Austria. The rural and provincial differences are tendency to be more pronounced than in neighboring countries. In general, people are more socially conservative the more westerly and rural you are.

Demographics

The Austrian population has been estimated by Statistik Austria in April 2016 to be 8.72 million. The population of Vienna, the country’s capital, is more than 1.8 million (2.6 million people including suburban areas), which represents approximately 1/4 of the country’s population. It is well known for its variety of cultural activities and its high living standard.

Vienna is without doubt the biggest city in the country. Graz is the 2nd most populous city with its population of 265,778, which is followed by Linz (191,501), Salzburg (145,871) and Innsbruck (122,458). All remaining cities has a population of less than 100,000.

In 2010, according to Eurostat, Austria had 1.27 million people born outside of Austria, which is 15.2% of the entire population. Of which 764,000 (9.1%) were born in countries outside the EU and 512,000 (6.1%) in some other EU member state.

Statistik Austria has estimated in 2011 that 81% or 6.75 million residents had no immigration background and more than 19% or 1.6 million people have at least one or more parents with immigrant background. There are more than 415 thousand descendants of non-Austrian-born immigrants living in Austria, the majority of which have been naturalized.

185,592 Turks ( which includes a minority of Turkish Kurds) constitute the second most numerous ethnic minority in Austria after Germans (2.5%) and make up 2.2% of the country’s total population. In the year 2003, 13,000 Turks have been naturalized and during the same period an unknown number of Turks migrated to Austria. In the same year, 2,000 Turks left Austria, 10,000 emigrated to the country, which confirmed a clear growth trend. Serbs, Croats, Bosnians and Slovenes combined make up about 5.1% of the total population of Austria.

In the year 2013, the total fertility rate (TFR) was estimated at 1.42 children born per one woman, which is significantly lower than the replacement rate of 2.1. In the year 2014 about 41.7% of the births were single women. In 2013, life expectancy has been estimated to be 80.04 years (77.13 years for men, 83.1 years for women).

Foreign-born population – top 15 countries:

RankNationalityPopulation
1Germany210,735
2Turkey159,958
3Bosnia and Herzegovina155,050
4Serbia132,553
5Romania79,264
6Poland66,802
7Hungary55,038
8Czech Republic40,833
9Croatia39,782
10Slovakia32,633
11Russia30,249
12Italy27,720
13Macedonia22,430
14Slovenia19,663
15Bulgaria18,481

Ethnic groups

From a historical perspective, Austrians have been considered ethnic Germans and considered ourselves as such, despite the fact that this national identity was questioned by Austrian nationalism in the decades following the end of WWI and particularly after WWII. Until the end of 1806, Austria was an integral part of the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation and was a member of the German Confederation until the Austrian-Prussian War of 1866, a free association of 39 different German-speaking nations. In 1871 Germany was founded as a nation state, but Austria did not participate.

After the First World War and the break-up of the Austrian monarchy, the leaders of the newly founded republic proclaimed it to be called “German Austria” and to be an integral part of the German Republic. Unification of the German states was prohibited by the Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye as one of the terms that the victorious allies of World War I imposed on the conquered nation to avoid the establishment of a territorially expanded German state. In conjunction with the events of the World War II and the Nazi era, Austria as a nation has made an effort to establish its own national identity among its population, and nowadays the majority of people do not consider themselves to be German, although a minority still considers themselves to be Germans, a movement known historically as ” Großdeutsch “, which suggests that they consider the historical borders of the people of Germany to extend beyond the borders of the present countries. Nowadays it is estimated that 91.1% of the population are of Austrian descent.

With approximately 300,000 people, Serbs are one of the largest ethnic groups in Austria. From a historical perspective, Serbian immigrants migrated to Austria in the period of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, during which time Vojvodina has been under Austrian imperial control. After World War II the number of Serbs grew again and today there is a very large Serbian community. The Serbian-Austrian Association was established in 1936. Nowadays Austrian Serbs primarily live in Vienna, Salzburg and Graz.

It is estimated that approximately 13,000 to 40,000 Slovenians in the Austrian state of Carinthia (the Slovenes from Carinthia) as also Croats ( approximately 30,000) and Hungarians in Burgenland were recognized as minorities and were given special rights under the treaty. Slovenes in Styria ( approximately 1,600 to 5,000) is not recognized as a minority and has no particular privileges, though some consider that the State Treaty of 27 July 1955 specifies otherwise.

The legal right to use bilingual topographic signs for areas in which Slovenians and Austro-Croatians live together alongside the German-speaking population (as specified in the State Treaty of 1955) was not fully implemented, in the opinion of some people, although others consider that the treaty – the obligations arising from it – have been respected.

The right to bilingual topographic signage for regions where Slovenians and Austrian-Croatians live alongside the German-speaking population (as stipulated in the State Treaty of 1955) has not yet been fully implemented, according to some, while others believe that the treaty – the obligations arising from it – have been respected (see below). Many people in Carinthia are afraid of Slovenian territorial claims, note that Yugoslav army invaded the territory after both World Wars, and realize that some official Slovenian atlases consider parts of Carinthia to be a Slovenian cultural area. The Recently died Governor Jörg Haider in the fall of 2005 made this a point of public discussion by rejecting to expand the number of bilingual survey panels in Carinthia. A survey carried out by the Carinthian Human Institute in 2006 revealed that 65% of Carinthians do not support an increased number of bilingual topographical road signs, in their opinion the original requirements of the State Treaty of 1955 exist.

One other very interesting phenomenon is the so-called “Windisch theory”, which says that Slovenians can be classified into 2 groups: modern-day Slovenians and Windisch (a traditional German name for Slavs), which is based on linguistic distinctions among Austrian Slovenians who taught the standard Slovenian language at school and Slovenians who spoke the local Slovenian dialect but who attended German schools. The term “Windische” was used to distinguish the latter group. That politically inspired theory, which divides Slovenian Austrians into “loyal Windians” and “Slovenian citizens”, was not generally adopted and was discontinued several decades ago.

Religion

YearPopulationCatholicsPercentageLutherans
19717,491,5266,548,31687.4%447,070
19817,555,3386,372,64584.3%423,162
19917,795,7866,081,45478.0%338,709
20018,032,9265,915,42173.6%376,150
20118,430,5585,403,72264.1 %319,752
20148,573,0005,265,75761.4 %309,173

By the end of the 20th century, approximately 74% of the population of Austria was declared to be Roman Catholic, while approximately 5% declared to be Protestant. The Austrian christians are required to pay an obligatory contribution ( determined by income, about 1%) for the membership of their church; such a payment is called “Kirchenbeitrag” (“church / ecclesiastical contribution”).

Starting in the second half of the 20th century, there has been a decline in the number of believers and church members. The statistics of the Roman Catholic Church in Austria from late 2014 shows 5,265,378 members, which represents 61.4% of Austria’s total population. In 2005, the number of Sunday church attendances was 623,195 or 11.84% of the entire Austrian population. The Lutheran Church also recorded a decline of 47,904 members during the period from 2001 to 2008. The European Commission’s 2012 survey indicates that considerably over 86% of the population of Austria are Christians 77% are Roman Catholics.

Approximately 12% of the population declared that they had no religion. in 2001; this percentage rose to 20% in 2015. Among the remaining people, approximately 340,000 are members of several Muslim communities, mostly due to the migration influx from Turkey, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Kosovo. Some 180,000 are members of Orthodox churches ( predominantly Serbs), approximately 21,000 are registered as active Jehovah’s Witnesses and around 8,100 are Jews.

The Austrian Jewish community of 1938 – there were only more than 200,000 in Vienna – decreased to about 4,500 during WWII, with around 65,000 Austro Jews killed in the Holocaust and 130,000 emigrated. The majority of today’s Jewish population are post-war immigrants, particularly from Eastern Europe and Central Asia (including Jews from Bukhara). In 1983 Buddhism became legally recognized as a religion in Austria.

According to the most recent Eurobarometer 2010 survey:

44% of the Austrian population answered that they “believe there is a God”.

38% answered that “they believe there is some sort of spirit or life force”.

12% answered that “they do not actually believe there is any kind of spirit, God or life force”.

Although Northern and Central Germany were the source of the Reformation, Austria and Bavaria were at the very heart of the Counter-Reformation in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, during which the absolute Habsburg Monarchy enforced a strict regime to re-establish the power and influence of Catholicism among the Austrians. For a very long time the Habsburgs considered itself the avant-garde of Catholicism and all other denominations and other religions have been suppressed.

In 1775 Maria Theresa allowed the Mechristliche Congregation of the Armenian Catholic Church to establish its official residence in the Habsburg Empire.

In 1781, during the Austrian Enlightenment, Emperor Joseph II approved a Patent of Tolerance for Austria, which granted other denominations limited religious freedom. Religious freedom became a constitutional right in Cisleithania after the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867, thus honoring the fact that the monarchy was home to many different religions in addition to Roman Catholicism, which included Greek Orthodox, Serbs, Romanians, Russians and Bulgarians. (for many centuries near the Austria of the Ottoman Empire), Calvinists, Protestant Lutherans and Jews. Following the annexation of Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1908, Islam was given official recognition in Austria in 1912.

Austria was still strongly influenced by Catholicism. After 1918, Catholic leaders of the First Republic, such as Theodor Innitzer and Ignaz Seipel, occupied leading positions within or close to the Austrian government and strengthened their influence during the period of Austro-Fascism. Engelbert Dollfuss and Kurt Schuschnigg considered Catholicism to be the state religion.

Although Catholic (and Protestant) leadership welcomed the Germans in 1938 during the annexation of Austria to Germany, Austrian Catholicism would later break its support for Nazism and former religious prominent figures in public life were involved in the resistance during the Third Reich. Following the end of the World War II in 1945, a more strict secularism was established in Austria and the influence of religion on politics was diminished.

Economy

Austria is the 12th wealthiest country in the world in per capita terms of GDP (gross domestic product), and has a well-developed social market economy and a very high standard of living. Many of Austria’s largest industrial companies had been nationalized by the 1980s; however, in recent years the process of privatization has lowered state stocks to a level that is comparable to other European economies. Trade union movements are especially prominent in Austria and have a major influence on labor policy. Together with a highly developed industry, international tourism is the most important part of the economy.

Historically, Germany was Austria’s most important trading partner and therefore Austria is vulnerable to rapid economic changes in Germany. Since becoming a member of the EU, Austria has established stronger ties with other EU economies and has decreased its economic dependence on Germany. Additionally, EU membership has attracted an inflow of foreign investments, which has been boosted by Austria’s access to the single European market and its proximity to emerging EU economies. In 2006, GDP growth reached 3.3%. A minimum of 67% of Austrian imports come from other member states of the European Union.

On November 16, 2010, Austria announced its intention to withhold the December portion of its EU rescue contribution to Greece, pointing to the significant deterioration in Greece’s debt position and the country’s obvious inability to collect on its debt. . . tax revenues which had been promised earlier.

The Eurozone crisis has affected the Austrian economy in several other ways. For example, in December 2009, due to financial difficulties, the government took over Hypo Alpe-Adria-Bank for EUR 1 and wiped out the EUR 1.63 billion from BayernLB. In February 2014, the problems with HGAA were not resolved, and Chancellor Werner Faymann has warned that its collapse would be similar to the Creditanstalt event of 1931.

Since the fall of communism, Austrian companies have been very active players and consolidators in Eastern Europe. From 1995 to 2010, 4,868 mergers and acquisitions were carried out with a total value of 163 billion euros announced with the participation of Austrian companies . The most significant transactions with Austrian companies have been: the takeover of Bank Austria from Bayerische Hypo- und Vereinsbank for 7.8 billion € in 2000, the takeover of Porsche Holding Salzburg by the Volkswagen Group for 3.6 billion € in 2009 and the takeover of Banca Comercială Română from Erste Group for 3,700 million €.

Tourism represents almost 9% of the gross domestic product of Austria. In 2007, Austria ranked 9th in the world in international tourism income with 18.9 billion US dollars. In terms of international tourist-arrivals, Austria ranked 12th with 20.8 million visitors.

Politics

Austria is a federal parliamentary republic made up of 9 federal states. The head of state is the President, who is directly elected by the people for a six-year period of office. However, the President’s role is mostly ceremonial, and the Chancellor, who is chosen by the Federal Minister, is in charge of most daily politics.

The Parliament of Austria has two chambers, the National Council with 183 seats as the primary chamber and the Federal Council. While members of National Council is elected by popular vote in a five-yearly election, the 62 representatives of Bundesrat are chosen by each of the Austrian provincial parliaments for periods of 4 to 6 years. The constitution of the Bundesrat changes after every election to the state legislature of a country. The Constitution of Austria grants the Bundesrat the right of veto of the National Council; in most of the cases it is a suspensive veto only, meaning the National Council can override it by passing the law a second time.

Austria has 4 main parties: the Social Democrats (SPÖ), the Austrian People’s Party (conservative) (ÖVP), the Freedom Party (right) (FPÖ) and the Greens (left). The present state government is formed by a coalition of SPÖ and ÖVP. Traditionally, SPÖ and ÖVP received between 40 and 50 % of the votes each, but frustration over their politics (SPÖ and ÖVP have often been considered almost identical) and their almost constant domination of the government (alone or combined in “grand coalitions “) since the 1990s has eliminated several smaller parties, most of which are somewhere in the (neo)liberal and/or nationalistic spectrum and some of them with the reputation of a charismatic leader.

How To Travel To Austria

By planeThere are 6 airports in Austria with regular flights. The main international airport is Vienna Airport (IATA: VIE), which is linked to most of the major airports in the world. Some other international airports are Graz, Innsbruck, Klagenfurt, Linz and Salzburg, which have domestic flights and connections to...

How To Travel Around Austria

By train and busTrains are the most efficient and most common form of mass-transportation in Austria. Comfortable and inexpensive trains connect bigger cities and numerous towns; buses connect less significant towns and lakes. The two forms of transport are integrated and designed to work together, and intercity buses do...

Visa & Passport Requirements for Austria

Austria is a member of the Schengen Agreement.- Normally there are no border controls between countries that have signed and implemented the treaty. This includes most of the European Union and some other countries.- Identity checks are usually carried out before boarding international flights or ships. Sometimes there are...

Destinations in Austria

Cities in AustriaVienna—the largest city in Austria, as well as its cultural, economic, and political centreVienna, city of great museums and palaces, the birthplace of opera and Beethoven, is thriving city of culture. A promenade alongside the magnificent Ringstrasse boulevard surrounded by royal palaces such as the...

Weather & Climate in Austria

Austria has a moderate continental climate. Summers last from the beginning of June to the middle of September and in some years can be hot while in others rainy. During July and August, average daytime temperatures are around 25° C, but often can reach 35° C.Winters in the lowlands...

Accommodation & Hotels in Austria

Although you can usually find hotels in smaller cities, they are quite expensive (even more expensive than in larger cities). The most affordable options in larger cities are youth hostels. In smaller cities you will often find families who rent bed & breakfast style apartments or a room )...

Things To See in Austria

Money saving tips• Many museums and other attractions classify everyone under 19 as a child. At some attractions, such as the Hofburg and Schönbrunn palaces in Vienna, all visitors under 19 pay a significantly lower entrance fee, while at others, such as the natural history museums and Vienna's Kunsthistorisches...

Things To Do in Austria

Cycle tourismAustria is known for its picturesque cycle paths along its largest rivers. Although Austria is a mountainous country, the cycle paths along the rivers are flat or gently sloping and therefore suitable for casual cyclists. The most famous route is the Danube Cycle Path from Passau to Vienna,...

Skiing & Snowboarding in Austria

Austria offers a high density of ski resorts, perhaps the second highest in Europe after Switzerland. However, most of them are medium-sized. Austria's ski resorts are not as spectacular and glamorous as the mega-resorts in Switzerland and France, but they are more welcoming, less prone to mass tourism and...

Food & Drinks in Austria

Food in AustriaAustrian food is distinctive and delicious, and is traditionally of the tough and indigestible "meat and dumplings" variety. Wiener Schnitzel (breaded and fried veal escalopes) is something of a national dish, and Knödel is a type of dumpling that can be prepared sweet or savoury, depending on...

Money & Shopping in Austria

CurrencyAustria uses the euro. It is one of the many European countries that use this common currency. All euro banknotes and coins are legal tender in all countries.Countries whose official currency is the euro:• Official members of the euro areao Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland,...

Festivals & Holidays in Austria

DateEnglish translationLocal name1 JanuaryNew Year's DayNew Year6 JanuaryEpiphanyEpiphany*Easter MondayEaster Monday1 MayNational DayState holiday*Ascension DayAscension Day*Whit MondayWhit Monday*Fête-DieuCorpus Christi15 AugustAssumption of the Virgin MaryAssumption Day26 OctoberNational DayNational Day1 NovemberAll Saints' DayAll Saints' Day8 DecemberImmaculate ConceptionImmaculate Conception25 DecemberChristmas DayChristmas DayBoxing DaySaint Stephen's DaySaint Stephen's Day

Traditions & Customs in Austria

Austrians (especially those over 40) take formality and etiquette seriously. Even if you are the least charismatic person in the world, good manners can get you far in a social situation. On the other hand, there are endless ways to get your foot in the door and raise your...

Internet & Communications in Austria

Call AustriaThe international phone number is +43.A number that starts with area code 01 (formerly 0222) means that you are in Vienna. Omit these four digits, then dial the rest of the telephone number. Replace these four digits with a 1.If the number doesn't start with 01, just remove...

Language & Phrasebook in Austria

The official language of Austria is German, which in its standard national variety known as Austrian (High) German is generally identical to the German used in Germany, with some important differences in vocabulary (many of which refer to the language of the kitchen or the home) and a fairly...

Culture Of Austria

MusicAustria's past as a major European power and its cultural environment have contributed greatly to various art forms, including music. Austria was the birthplace of many famous composers such as Joseph Haydn, Michael Haydn, Franz Liszt, Franz Schubert, Anton Bruckner, Johann Strauss Sr. and Johann Strauss Jr. as well...

History Of Austria

The area of Central Europe, today's Austria, was inhabited by various Celtic tribes in pre-Roman times. The Celtic kingdom of Noricum was later claimed by the Roman Empire and turned into a province. Today's Petronell-Carnuntum in eastern Austria was an important military camp that became the capital of today's...

Stay Safe & Healthy in Austria

Stay safe in AustriaAustria is one of the safest countries in the world. According to the OECD Factbook 2006, thefts, muggings and vehicle crime are among the lowest in the developed world, and a Mercer study ranks Vienna as the 6th safest city in the world out of 215....

Asia

Africa

South America

Europe

North America

Most Popular