Saturday, December 4, 2021

Austria

EuropeAustria

Austria, formally the Republic of Austria, is a federal republic in Central Europe with a population of approximately 8.7 million people. It is bounded to the north by the Czech Republic and Germany, to the east by Hungary and Slovakia, to the south by Slovenia and Italy, and to the west by Switzerland and Liechtenstein. Austria has an area of 83,879 square kilometers (32,386 sq mi). The landscape is hilly, being within the Alps; only 32% of the nation is below 500 meters (1,640 feet), and the highest point is 3,798 meters (12,461 ft). The bulk of the population speaks local Bavarian dialects of German as their native language, while Austrian German is the country’s official language in its standard form. Hungarian, Burgenland Croatian, and Slovene are the other official languages in the region.

Austria’s roots may be traced back to the Habsburg dynasty, when the overwhelming bulk of the nation was a part of the Holy Roman Empire. Many Northern German rulers, resentful of the Emperor’s power, adopted Protestantism as a rebel banner from the time of the Reformation. The Thirty Years War, the influence of the Kingdoms of Sweden and France, the emergence of the Kingdom of Prussia, and the Napoleonic invasions all reduced the Emperor’s authority in the North of Germany, but the Emperor and Catholicism retained control in the South and non-German parts of the Empire. During the 17th and 18th centuries, Austria was able to maintain her status as one of Europe’s major powers, and the Austrian Empire was formally declared in 1804 in reaction to Napoleon’s crowning as Emperor of France. Following Napoleon’s fall, Prussia emerged as Austria’s main rival for dominance over a bigger Germany. During the Austro-Prussian War of 1866, Prussia defeated Austria in the Battle of Königgrätz, paving the way for Prussia to seize control of the rest of Germany. The empire was reorganized as Austria-Hungary in 1867. Following France’s loss in the 1870 Franco-Prussian War, Austria was excluded from the creation of a new German Empire, but its politics and foreign policy gradually converged with those of the Prussian-led Empire in the following decades. During the 1914 July Crisis, which followed the murder of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, Germany assisted Austria in delivering the ultimatum to Serbia, which resulted in the beginning of World War I.

Following the fall of the Habsburg (Austro-Hungarian) Empire in 1918 at the conclusion of World War I, Austria adopted and used the name the Republic of German-Austria (Deutschösterreich, subsequently sterreich) in an effort to union with Germany, but was barred by the Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye (1919). In 1919, the First Austrian Republic was founded. Austria was seized by Nazi Germany at the Anschluss in 1938. This lasted until the conclusion of World War II in 1945, when the Allies invaded Germany and Austria’s previous democratic constitution was restored. The Austrian State Treaty re-established Austria as a sovereign state in 1955, thus ending the occupation. The Austrian Parliament issued the Declaration of Neutrality the same year, declaring that the Second Austrian Republic would become permanently neutral.

Austria is now a parliamentary representative democracy with nine federal states. Vienna is the capital and biggest city, with a population of about 1.7 million people. Austria is one of the world’s wealthiest nations, with a nominal per capita GDP of $43,724. The nation has raised its quality of life and was rated 21st in the world for its Human Development Index in 2014. Austria has been a member of the United Nations since 1955, of the European Union since 1995, and of the OECD since its inception. Austria joined the Schengen Agreement in 1995 and accepted the euro in 1999.

Austria | Introduction

Austria, formally the Republic of Austria, is a constitutional and land-locked state in the heart of Europe with a population of approximately 8.7 million. It is surrounded by the Czech and German Republics to the north, by Hungary and Slovakia to the east, to the south by Slovenia and...

How To Travel To Austria

By plane There are 6 airports in Austria with regular flights. The main international airport is Vienna Airport (IATA: VIE), which is linked to most of the major airports in the world. Some other international airports are Graz, Innsbruck, Klagenfurt, Linz and Salzburg, which have domestic flights and connections to...

How To Travel Around Austria

By train and bus Trains are the most efficient and most common form of mass-transportation in Austria. Comfortable and inexpensive trains connect bigger cities and numerous towns; buses connect less significant towns and lakes. The two forms of transport are integrated and designed to work together, and intercity buses do...

Visa & Passport Requirements for Austria

Austria is a member of the Schengen Agreement. - Normally there are no border controls between countries that have signed and implemented the treaty. This includes most of the European Union and some other countries. - Identity checks are usually carried out before boarding international flights or ships. Sometimes there are...

Destinations in Austria

Cities in Austria Vienna—the largest city in Austria, as well as its cultural, economic, and political centre Vienna, city of great museums and palaces, the birthplace of opera and Beethoven, is thriving city of culture. A promenade alongside the magnificent Ringstrasse boulevard surrounded by royal palaces such as the Hofburg and...

Weather & Climate in Austria

Austria has a moderate continental climate. Summers last from the beginning of June to the middle of September and in some years can be hot while in others rainy. During July and August, average daytime temperatures are around 25° C, but often can reach 35° C. Winters in the lowlands...

Accommodation & Hotels in Austria

Although you can usually find hotels in smaller cities, they are quite expensive (even more expensive than in larger cities). The most affordable options in larger cities are youth hostels. In smaller cities you will often find families who rent bed & breakfast style apartments or a room )...

Things To See in Austria

Money saving tips• Many museums and other attractions classify everyone under 19 as a child. At some attractions, such as the Hofburg and Schönbrunn palaces in Vienna, all visitors under 19 pay a significantly lower entrance fee, while at others, such as the natural history museums and Vienna's Kunsthistorisches...

Things To Do in Austria

Cycle tourism Austria is known for its picturesque cycle paths along its largest rivers. Although Austria is a mountainous country, the cycle paths along the rivers are flat or gently sloping and therefore suitable for casual cyclists. The most famous route is the Danube Cycle Path from Passau to Vienna,...

Skiing & Snowboarding in Austria

Austria offers a high density of ski resorts, perhaps the second highest in Europe after Switzerland. However, most of them are medium-sized. Austria's ski resorts are not as spectacular and glamorous as the mega-resorts in Switzerland and France, but they are more welcoming, less prone to mass tourism and...

Food & Drinks in Austria

Food in Austria Austrian food is distinctive and delicious, and is traditionally of the tough and indigestible "meat and dumplings" variety. Wiener Schnitzel (breaded and fried veal escalopes) is something of a national dish, and Knödel is a type of dumpling that can be prepared sweet or savoury, depending on...

Money & Shopping in Austria

Currency Austria uses the euro. It is one of the many European countries that use this common currency. All euro banknotes and coins are legal tender in all countries. Countries whose official currency is the euro:• Official members of the euro areao Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland,...

Festivals & Holidays in Austria

DateEnglish translationLocal name1 JanuaryNew Year's DayNew Year6 JanuaryEpiphanyEpiphany*Easter MondayEaster Monday1 MayNational DayState holiday*Ascension DayAscension Day*Whit MondayWhit Monday*Fête-DieuCorpus Christi15 AugustAssumption of the Virgin MaryAssumption Day26 OctoberNational DayNational Day1 NovemberAll Saints' DayAll Saints' Day8 DecemberImmaculate ConceptionImmaculate Conception25 DecemberChristmas DayChristmas DayBoxing DaySaint Stephen's DaySaint Stephen's Day

Traditions & Customs in Austria

Austrians (especially those over 40) take formality and etiquette seriously. Even if you are the least charismatic person in the world, good manners can get you far in a social situation. On the other hand, there are endless ways to get your foot in the door and raise your...

Internet & Communications in Austria

Call Austria The international dialling code is +43. If you are calling Austria from abroad and the number begins with the area code 01 (formerly 0222), you are in Vienna. Omit these four digits and replace them with a 1, then dial the other digits of the telephone number. If the number...

Language & Phrasebook in Austria

The official language of Austria is German, which in its standard national variety known as Austrian (High) German is generally identical to the German used in Germany, with some important differences in vocabulary (many of which refer to the language of the kitchen or the home) and a fairly...

Culture Of Austria

Music Austria's past as a major European power and its cultural environment have contributed greatly to various art forms, including music. Austria was the birthplace of many famous composers such as Joseph Haydn, Michael Haydn, Franz Liszt, Franz Schubert, Anton Bruckner, Johann Strauss Sr. and Johann Strauss Jr. as well...

History Of Austria

The area of Central Europe, today's Austria, was inhabited by various Celtic tribes in pre-Roman times. The Celtic kingdom of Noricum was later claimed by the Roman Empire and turned into a province. Today's Petronell-Carnuntum in eastern Austria was an important military camp that became the capital of today's...

Stay Safe & Healthy in Austria

Stay safe in Austria Austria is one of the safest countries in the world. According to the OECD Factbook 2006, thefts, muggings and vehicle crime are among the lowest in the developed world, and a Mercer study ranks Vienna as the 6th safest city in the world out of 215....

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