Salzburg is the capital of the federal state of Salzburg and Austria’s fourth biggest city.
Salzburg’s “Old Town” (Altstadt) is one of the best-preserved city centers north of the Alps and is worldwide famous for its baroque architecture. In 1997, it was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. There are three universities in the city, as well as a strong student population. Tourists come to see the city’s historic core as well as the gorgeous Alpine environs.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, an 18th-century composer, was born in Salzburg. The city was the location for the musical play and film The Sound of Music in the mid-twentieth century.
Salzburg – Info Card
|TIME ZONE :||• Time zone CET (UTC+1)|
• Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
|LANGUAGE :||German (official nationwide)|
|RELIGION :||Roman Catholic 73.6%, Protestant 4.7%, Muslim 4.2%, other 3.5%, unspecified 2%, none 12%|
|AREA :||65.678 km2 (25.358 sq mi)|
|ELEVATION :||424 m (1,391 ft)|
|COORDINATES :||47°48′0″N 13°02′0″E|
|SEX RATIO :||• Male: 48,82%|
• Female: 51,18%
|AREA CODE :||662|
|POSTAL CODE :||5020|
|DIALING CODE :||+43-662|
|WEBSITE :||Official Website|
Tourism in Salzburg
Tourists outnumber natives by a substantial ratio during peak periods in Salzburg, making it a popular tourist destination. Other important sites, in addition to Mozart’s birthplace, are:
- In 1996, the Historic Center of Salzburg was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
- Baroque architecture, including many churches
- Salzburg Cathedral (Salzburger Dom)
- Hohensalzburg Castle (Festung Hohensalzburg), is one of Europe’s biggest castles, with a view of the Old Town.
- Franciscan Church(Franziskanerkirche)
- St Peter’s Abbey with thePetersfriedhof
- Nonnberg Abbey, a Benedictine monastery
- Salzburg Residenz, the magnificent former residence of the Prince-Archbishops
- Residenzgalerie, an art museum in the Salzburg Residenz
- Mozart’s Birthplace
- Mozart’s Residence
- University Church
- Siegmundstor (or Neutor)
- Sphaera, a sculpture of a man on a golden sphere (Stephan Balkenhol, 2007)
Outside the Old Town
- Mirabell Palace, with its wide gardens full of flowers
- St. Sebastian’s cemetery (Sebastiansfriedhof)
- Schloss Leopoldskron, a rococo palace and national historic monument in Leopoldskron-Moos, a southern district of Salzburg
- Hellbrunn with its parks and castles
- The Sound of Music tour companies who operate tours of film locations
- Hangar-7, a multifunctional building owned by Red Bull, with a collection of historical airplanes, helicopters and Formula One racing cars
Greater Salzburg area
- Anif Castle, located south of the city in Anif
- Shrine of Our Lady of Maria Plain, a late Baroque church on the northern edge of Salzburg
- Salzburger Freilichtmuseum Großgmain, an open-air museum containing old farmhouses from all over the state assembled in an historic setting
- Schloss Klessheim, a palace and casino, formerly used by Adolf Hitler
- Berghof, Hitler’s mountain retreat near Berchtesgaden
- Kehlsteinhaus, the only remnant of Hitler’s Berghof
- Salzkammergut, an area of lakes east of the city
- Untersberg mountain, next to the city on the Germany-Austria border, with panoramic views of Salzburg and the surrounding Alps
- During the winter, skiing is a popular activity. Although Salzburg does not have any skiing facilities, it serves as a gateway to the south’s ski resorts. During the winter, charter planes from all around Europe land at its airport.
- Salzburg Zoo, located south of the city in Anif
Climate of Salzburg
The temperate zone encompasses Salzburg. Depending on whatever isotherm for winter means is selected, the Köppen climatic classification classifies the climate as either oceanic (Cfb) or humid continental (Dfb). Salzburg would have a four-season oceanic climate with large temperature changes across seasons if the coldest month was 3 °C (27 °F). The quantity of precipitation is fairly considerable, especially during the summer months, due to its position on the northern rim of the Alps. In the local vernacular, the peculiar drizzle is referred to as Schnürlregen. During the winter and spring, strong foehn winds are common.
Geography of Salzburg
Salzburg is located on the banks of the Salzach River, near the Alps’ northern border. The sweeping plains to the north contrast with the mountains to the south of Salzburg. The 1,972-meter-high Untersberg, the nearest alpine summit, is less than 16 kilometers (10 miles) from the city center. The massiveFestung Hohensalzburg dominates the Altstadt, or “old town,” with its baroque towers and churches. The Mönchsberg and Kapuzinerberg, two minor mountains that provide green reprieve inside the city, surround this location. Salzburg is 150 kilometers east of Munich, 281 kilometers northwest of Ljubljana, Slovenia, and 300 kilometers west of Vienna.