Regions in Mexico
- Baja California (Baja California, Baja California South)
The western peninsula bordering the US state of California…
- Northern Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Nuevo León, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas).
This includes the vast deserts and mountains of the border states; the “unknown Mexico” mostly ignored by tourists.
- The Bajío (Aguascalientes, Guanajuato, Zacatecas, San Luis Potosi, Querétaro)
Historical conditions in a traditional silver-producing region
- Central Mexico (Hidalgo, Mexico City, State of Mexico, Morelos, Puebla, Tlaxcala, Veracruz)
Centre, around the capital
- Pacific Coast (Colima, Guerrero, Jalisco, Michoacan, Nayarit, Oaxaca)
Tropical beaches on the south coast of Mexico
- Yucatán Peninsula (Campeche, Chiapas, Quintana Roo, Tabasco, Yucatán).
Jungle and impressive Mayan archaeological sites, as well as the Caribbean coast. Geographically, it belongs to Central America (the dividing line is the Isthmus of Tehuantepec); culturally, it is closer to Guatemala and Belize than to the rest of Mexico.
Cities in Mexico
- Mexico City – capital of the Republic, one of the three largest cities in the world and a highly developed urban centre with a 700-year history. In Mexico City you will find everything from parks, Aztec ruins, colonial architecture, museums, nightlife and shopping.
- Acapulco – A sophisticated city beach known for its world-class nightlife, elegant restaurants and oppressive traffic. Many of the older (pre-1990s) concrete structures have suffered from tropical degradation.
- Cancún – One of the most popular and famous beaches in the world, known for its clear Caribbean waters, lively party atmosphere and abundance of recreational facilities. During Spring Break it is famous for its alcohol consumption, sunburn and debauchery.
- Guadalajara – Traditional city, capital of the state of Jalisco and cradle of mariachi and tequila music. Guadalajara is blessed with a perpetual spring climate and its colonial city centre is graceful and sophisticated.
- Mazatlan – A bustling city on the Pacific coast, Mazatlan is a seaport, a transport hub with ferries to Baja California and a seaside resort with miles of sandy coastline. It is a popular spring break destination because of the variety of affordable accommodation options.
- Monterrey – A large modern city that is the commercial and industrial centre of northern Mexico. Monterrey enjoys a dry, mountainous environment and is known for its high-quality educational and transport infrastructure.
- San Luis Potosi – Located in central Mexico, a colonial city that was once a major silver producer but now depends on manufacturing as its economic base.
- Taxco – In central Mexico, west of Cuernavaca, this beautiful steep mountain town was once a major silver producer. Today it is a major player in the trade of decorative silverware, from cheap fittings to the most elegant jewellery and elaborate castings.
- Tijuana – Mexico’s busiest border crossing for pedestrians and private vehicles and, due to its proximity to San Diego, has long been the mecca of bargains for Southern Californians.
Other destinations in Mexico
- Copper Canyon (Barrancas del Cobre) – An exotic destination for travellers looking for a unique and remote adventure! An impressive mountain railway ride – one of the largest in the world – takes you to over 8000 feet in altitude on the CHEPE, the Chihuahua al Pacifico Railway. Hiking, horseback riding, bird watching and Tarahumara Indians. The Copper Canyon, the Sierra Madre and the Chihuahuan Desert in Mexico. This region is for adventurous people who can take a difficult journey to its sights (although the famous train ride is not challenging at all). The Copper Canyon, a beautiful, remote wilderness area, will probably never become a mass destination.
- Sea of Cortez – Watch whales being born, swim with dolphins and sea kayak in the warm waters of the Sea of Cortez along the east coast of Baja California near La Paz. And the sunsets in Puerto Peñasco and San Carlos are not to be missed.
- Breeding sites of the monarch butterfly – protected natural areas in the highlands of the state of Michoacán. Millions of butterflies come to this region every year between November and March, although their numbers have declined sharply recently.
Sumidero Canyon – From the banks of the Rio Grivalva (Mexico’s only major river) near Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Chiapas, excursions lead into this steep-walled national park. You are likely to see large flocks of flamingos, pelicans and other water birds, as well as crocodiles.
Archaeological sites in Mexico
- Chichen Itza – Majestic Mayan city, declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1988 and recently chosen as one of the New Seven Wonders of the World.
- Ek Balam – Recently reconstructed Mayan site, famous for its unique ornate stucco work and stone carved temples that you can climb.
- El Tajín – In the state of Veracruz, near the town of Papantla. A UNESCO World Heritage Site.
- Plazuelas and Peralta – In the state of Guanajuato, two places that are part of the “Tradición el Bajío”.
- Monte Alban – In the state of Oaxaca, a Zapotec site dating from around 500 BC A UNESCO World Heritage Site.
- Palenque – A Mayan city in the state of Chiapas, Palenque is famous for its elaborate paintings. It is also known for having the largest expanse of tropical rainforest in Mexico in the same region.
- Teotihuacan – In the state of Mexico, near Mexico City. Huge complex with several large pyramids.
- Tulum – Mayan coastal city with spectacular views of the Caribbean. Dates of the end of the Maya period.
- Uxmal – Impressive Mayan city-state in the Puc region, declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1996.