Tuesday, January 25, 2022
Santiago Travel Guide - Travel S Helper


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Santiago, often spelled Santiago de Chile, is Chile’s capital and biggest city. Additionally, it is the hub of the city’s greatest conurbation. Santiago is situated in the middle valley of the nation, 520 meters (1,706 feet) above mean sea level.

Santiago was founded in 1541 and has served as Chile’s capital city since colonial times. The city’s historic center consists of neoclassical buildings from the nineteenth century and meandering side streets sprinkled with art deco, neo-gothic, and other styles. Santiago’s urban landscape is influenced by various isolated hills and the swiftly flowing Mapocho River, which is flanked by parks such as Parque Forestal. The Andes Mountains are visible from almost every place in the city. These mountains contribute significantly to the pollution issue, especially during the winter. Santiago is surrounded by vineyards on its outskirts and is just a few hours from both the Alps and the Pacific Ocean.

Santiago is Chile’s cultural, political, and financial capital, and is home to several international firms’ regional offices. Chile’s executive and judicial branches are headquartered in Santiago, although Congress is mostly based in neighboring Valparaiso. Santiago is named for St. James, a biblical character.

Santiago – Info Card

POPULATION :• City 6,158,080
• Urban 5.1 million
• Metro 7.2 million
FOUNDED :  12 February 1541
TIME ZONE :• Time zone CLT (UTC−4)
• Summer (DST) CLST (UTC−3)
LANGUAGE : Spanish
AREA : 641 km2 (247.6 sq mi)
ELEVATION :  521 m (1,706 ft)
COORDINATES : 33°27′S 70°40′W
POSTAL CODE :  8320000
WEBSITE :  Official website

Tourism in Santiago

Santiago is Chile’s capital and economic hub. It is also the country’s political and cultural hub, with several museums, events, theaters, restaurants, pubs, and other recreational and cultural options. Its center position in the nation gives it an excellent base for seeing other parts of the country, and it is feasible to ski in the surrounding Andes and then relax on the beach in the same day.

Santiago is a rapidly rising metropolis in Chile’s central valley, sandwiched between the Andes and the Coastal Range. The metropolitan region has a population of around seven million people.

It was founded in 1541 as Santiago de Nueva Extremadura by Spaniard Pedro de Valdivia and has served as the country’s center since colonial times, evolving into the cosmopolitan metropolis it is today. It serves as both a gateway to the country and a destination in and of itself, with buildings from many eras, a bustling gastronomic and cultural scene, and is bordered by the majestic Andes, which welcome skiers, trekkers, and wine enthusiasts.


  • Sernatur (State Tourism Agency), Av Providencia 1550,  +56 2 27318336, +56 2 27318337. The main visitor information office. 

Climate of Santiago

Santiago, like the majority of the country’s central region, has a Mediterranean climate. The winter environment is cool and wet, with temperatures dropping to approximately 0°C at night. It snows extremely seldom in the city, and throughout the winter, it is more likely to rain with snow falling in the Andes to the east. It becomes more warmer as the summer approaches. Summers are mostly dry, however they may be humid at times, and temperatures can exceed 35°C. Due to the region’s relative lack of vegetation, temperatures vary significantly between day and night throughout the year. It is fairly unusual for people to suffer from heat during the day in shorts and a short-sleeved shirt yet need a jacket at night.

Santiago is infamous for its bad air quality, which is a result of the basin’s inversion effect and other causes. The air quality may be harmful in large part owing to excessive particulate matter concentrations (especially in the winter).

Geography of Santiago

The city is located in the heart of the Santiago Basin, a huge bowl-shaped valley bordered by mountains and comprised of wide and rich farmland. The city has a varied elevation, ranging from 400 meters (1,312 feet) in the west to 540 meters (1,772 feet) in the Plaza Baquedano. It is bounded on the east by the Andes main chain and on the west by the Chilean Coastal Range. It is surrounded on the north by the Cordón de Chacabuco, an Andean mountain range. The Andes mountains around Santiago are relatively high; the Tupungato peak, at 6,570 m, is the highest (21,555 ft). Tupungatito, San José, and Maipo are further peaks. Cerro El Plomo is the city of Santiago’s tallest peak. The city is bisected by the Mapocho River. The Angostura de Paine, an extended protrusion of the Andes that nearly touches the ocean, forms the southern boundary. The Santiago Basin is located inside the Intermediate Depression and is surprisingly level, with the exception of a few hills, including Cerro Renca, Cerro Blanco, and Cerro Santa Luca. This basin measures around 80 kilometers (50 miles) north–south and 35 kilometers (22 miles) east–west.

To the east is the massive Sierra de Ramón, a mountain chain formed in the Precordillera’s foothills as a result of the San Ramón Fault’s activity, rising to 3296 metres at the Cerro de Ramón. The Cordillera de los Andes lies 20 kilometers (12 miles) to the east, with its mountain ranges and volcanoes, several of which surpass 6,000 meters (19,690 feet) in elevation and have glaciers.

In recent decades, urban expansion has surpassed the city’s bounds, spreading eastward into the Andean Precordillera. At an elevation of above 1,000 metres, urban development is prevalent in localities such as La Dehesa, Lo Curro, and El Arrayan.

Economy of Santiago

Santiago is Chile’s industrial and financial powerhouse, accounting for 45% of the country’s GDP. Santiago is home to many international organizations, including the ECLAC (Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean). The robust economy and minimal government debt are luring European and American immigration.

Santiago has developed into a modern city during the last several decades as a result of its sustained economic expansion. The city currently has a burgeoning theater and restaurant scene, considerable suburban development, dozens of retail malls, and a skyline that includes Latin America’s tallest structure, the Gran Torre Santiago. It is home to numerous prestigious colleges and has created a sophisticated transportation infrastructure, including a toll-based, partially underground urban highway system and the Metro de Santiago, South America’s largest subway system.

Internet, Communication in Santiago

If you desire to send a letter or postcard, the main post office is the Correo Central, a Neoclassical structure with French elements situated on the north side of Plaza de Armas. There are other smaller post offices located around the city, often along major avenues.

However, Chilean mail has developed a reputation for not delivering goods or for mailmen reading letters in search of money or other desirable objects (mostly on mail coming from abroad).

Chilexpress is the biggest and most reputable private postal provider, with branches in practically all mid-sized cities. However, prices are somewhat higher.



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