San Marino, formally the Republic of San Marino, sometimes known as the Most Serene Republic of San Marino (Italian: Serenissima Repubblica di San Marino), is an enclaved microstate bordered by Italy on the Italian Peninsula’s northeastern side of the Apennine Mountains. It covers an area of little more than 61 km2 (24 sq mi) and has a population of 33,562. San Marino’s capital is San Marino City, and its biggest city is Dogana. San Marino has the lowest population of any Council of Europe member state.
Marinus, a stonemason from the Roman colony on the modern-day Croatian island of Rab, gave the nation its name. Marinus took involved in the rebuilding of Rimini’s city walls in 257 CE, after their destruction by Liburnian pirates. Marinus then founded an autonomous monastic community on Monte Titano in 301 CE, establishing San Marino as the world’s oldest surviving sovereign state and constitutional republic.
San Marino is governed by the San Marino Constitution (Leges Statutae Republicae Sancti Marini), a collection of six late-16th-century Latin texts that establish the country’s political structure, among other things. The nation is believed to have the oldest surviving written constitution (constitution).
The economy of the nation is based mostly on finance, industry, services, and tourism. It is one of the richest nations on the planet in terms of gross domestic product (GDP) per capita, with a number similar to that of the most developed European areas. San Marino is regarded as having a very stable economy, with one of Europe’s lowest unemployment rates, no national debt, and a budget surplus. It is the only nation in the world with more cars than inhabitants.