The Union of the Comoros is a sovereign island republic in the Indian Ocean with Moroni as its main city, federal capital, and seat of government.
Moroni means “in the midst of the fire” in Comorian, perhaps referring to the city’s position at the foot of Mount Karthala, an active volcano.
Moroni is the capital of the semi-autonomous island of Grande Comore, which is the biggest of the republic’s three major islands.
Moroni includes a harbor and many mosques, including the Badjanani Mosque, which is located along Route Nationale 1.
Moroni has a tropical rainforest environment with high precipitation throughout the year, with the exception of October, which receives less than 100 mm of rain on average.
It rains every month of the year, with an average annual rainfall of 2,700 millimetres (110 in).
From November through April, the monsoon season is in full swing. The humidity level is between 69 and 79 percent.
Moroni’s typical temperatures are very consistent throughout the year, with highs of 32–34 °C (90–93 °F) and lows of 14–20 °C (57–68 °F).
The city is located on the island of Grande Comore (also known as N’gazidja) on the western shore.
The rugged volcanic coastline of Moroni is generally devoid of beaches. The remnants of the Sultans Fort and Palace, erected in the 15th century, may be seen on a little beach north of town at Itsandra.
Ntsoudjini, Ouellah, Bahani, Batsa, Vanambouani, and Vanadjou are settlements to the north of Moroni, whereas Mvouni, Daoueni, and Selea are settlements to the south.
Moroni lies 10 kilometers (6 miles) northwest of the volcano’s crater, at the foot of Mount Karthala. With a circumference of nearly 1 mile (1.6 km) and erupting every eleven years for the previous two hundred years, the 2,361-meter (7,746-foot) high active volcano is said to be one of the world’s greatest active volcanoes. Due to volcanic ash, a huge number of individuals were displaced during the 2005 eruption.
Vanilla, cocoa, coffee, soft beverages, processed and distilled essential oils, metal and wood goods, and processed pozzolana (cement) are all manufactured on the island and exported through the port.
The tourism infrastructure is in a state of disarray.
Banque Centrale des Comores, Banque de Development des Comores, and Banque pour Industries et le Commerce are some of the financial institutions of the Comores.
Several marketplaces, notably the ancient market and the Dubai Market, are located to the south of Moroni (Marche Dubai).