Rome is a city in Italy and a special comune (known as Roma Capitale). Rome is the capital of both Italy and the region of Lazio. It is also the country’s biggest and most populated comune, with 2.9 million persons in 1,285 km2 (496.1 sq mi), and the fourth-most populous city in the European Union by population.
The city is situated in the central-western region of the Italian Peninsula, inside the province of Lazio (Latium), on the banks of the Tiber River. Vatican City is an autonomous nation inside the city limits of Rome, the only current example of a country within a city; as a result, Rome is sometimes referred to as the capital of two states.
Rome has a history that dates back over two and a half thousand years. While Roman legend places the birth of Rome about 753 BC, the site has been inhabited for far longer, making it one of Europe’s oldest continually populated locations.
Rome has been designated as a global city. In 2014, Rome was the 14th most visited city in the world, the third most visited city in the European Union, and the most popular tourist destination in Italy. UNESCO has designated its historic center as a World Heritage Site. Monuments and museums such as the Vatican Museums and the Colosseum are among the world’s most popular tourist sites, attracting millions of visitors each year. Rome hosted the Summer Olympics in 1960 and is the headquarters of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.