Sunday, October 17, 2021

Lithuania

EuropeLithuania

Lithuania is a country in Northern Europe. Its official name is the Republic of Lithuania (Lithuanian: Lietuvos Respublika). It is one of the three Baltic nations and is located on the Baltic Sea’s southeastern coast, east of Sweden and Denmark. It is bounded on the north by Latvia, on the east and south by Belarus, on the south by Poland, and on the southwest by Kaliningrad Oblast (a Russian exclave). Lithuania has a population of about 2.9 million people as of 2015, with Vilnius serving as the capital and biggest city. Lithuanians are a member of the Baltic peoples. Lithuanian, along with Latvian, is one of only two surviving languages of the Indo-European language family’s Baltic branch.

For millennia, different Baltic tribes occupied the southeastern coasts of the Baltic Sea. In the 1230s, Mindaugas, King of Lithuania, united the Lithuanian territories, and on 6 July 1253, the Kingdom of Lithuania became the first unified Lithuanian state. During the 14th century, the Grand Duchy of Lithuania was the biggest nation in Europe; its borders included modern-day Lithuania, Belarus, Ukraine, and portions of Poland and Russia. Lithuania and Poland established a consensual two-state union, the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, in 1569 with the Lublin Union. The Commonwealth lasted more than two centuries, until it was gradually destroyed by surrounding nations between 1772 and 1795, with the Russian Empire annexing the majority of Lithuania’s land.

On 16 February 1918, as World War I drew to a close, Lithuania’s Act of Independence was signed, establishing the modern Republic of Lithuania. Lithuania was controlled by the Soviet Union and subsequently by Nazi Germany beginning in 1940. In 1944, as World War II drew to a close and the Germans withdrew, the Soviet Union reoccupied Lithuania. Lithuania declared independence from the Soviet Union on 11 March 1990, a year before the Soviet Union’s official collapse. This resulted in the restoration of an independent State of Lithuania.

Lithuania is a full member of the European Union, the Council of Europe, Schengen, and NATO. Additionally, it is a member of the Nordic Investment Bank and a participant in the Northern European nations’ Nordic-Baltic cooperation. Lithuania is classified as a “very high human development” nation by the United Nations Human Development Index. Lithuania is one of the European Union’s fastest growing economies and is rated 20th in the World Bank’s Ease of Doing Business Index. Lithuania adopted the euro as its official currency on 1 January 2015, becoming the Eurozone’s 19th member.

Lithuania | Introduction

Geography Lithuania is a country in Northern Europe with a land size of 65,200 square kilometers (25,200 sq mi). It is located between 53° and 57° north latitude, and mainly between 21° and 27° east longitude (part of the Curonian Spit is located west of 21°). It has a sandy...

How To Travel To Lithuania

By plane The majority of airlines fly into Vilnius International Airport and the smaller coastal Palanga Airport, although Ryanair flies into Kaunas International Airport. Latvia's Riga airport provides a viable option for travel to northern Lithuania. By train Vilnius is accessible by rail from Moscow, Saint Petersburg, Minsk, and Kaliningrad. It should be...

How To Travel Around Lithuania

By train Litrail, Lithuania's state-owned railroad, provides service to the country's main cities. The majority of trains also make stops at minor stations along the route. Other than public transit, a portion of those smaller stations is inaccessible. In comparison to Western Europe, fares are low: Vilnius-Kaunas is about €5...

Visa & Passport Requirements for Lithuania

Lithuania is a signatory to the Schengen Treaty. Between nations that have signed and implemented the pact, there are usually no border restrictions. This covers the majority of the European Union as well as a few additional nations.Before boarding foreign planes or vessels, identification checks are typically performed. At land...

Destinations in Lithuania

Regions in Lithuania The country's complex historical history is reflected in regional variations in Lithuanian culture. In the present territory of Lithuania, five ethnic areas, or regions, have emerged since the thirteenth century: AukštaitijaNortheastern and eastern region; the name means Highlands SamogitiaŽemaitija (meaning Lowlands), north-western region Dzūkija (Dainava)Southeastern region Sūduva (Suvalkija)Southern and south-western region Lithuania MinorCoastal region Even...

Accommodation & Hotels in Lithuania

The cost of lodging is highly dependent on the location. For example, a decent hotel room in Jonikis (Northern Lithuania) may be had for €25, while a comparable one in Vilnius might cost up to €100. Some hotels do not have their own websites. Nonetheless, the Internet is a...

Things To See in Lithuania

Lithuania is the most southern of the Baltic nations, and its historic legacy distinguishes it from the other two. Few visitors would realize that this tiny but colorful country was once the biggest in Europe when they visit today. A few monuments remain as memories of the Grand Duchy...

Things To Do in Lithuania

Druskininkai and Palanga are the finest places to visit if you're looking for some health treatment or leisure. Neringa is an excellent choice for a relaxing, peaceful vacation where you can reconnect with yourself. Basketball is the national sport, and the whole country is obsessed with it (comparable to the...

Food & Drinks in Lithuania

Food in Lithuania Meat, potato, veggies, and a curd sauce of some kind are common ingredients in Lithuanian meals. The cepelinai, or zeppelins, are meat-filled potato-starch-based zeppelin-shaped masses that are typically coated in a sour cream, butter, and pig cracklings sauce. Pork is more often consumed than beef. Vegans will,...

Money & Shopping in Lithuania

The euro is used in Lithuania. This single currency is used by a number of European nations. In all nations, all euro banknotes and coins are legal tender. 100 cents are split into one euro. The euro's official sign is €, and its ISO code is EUR. The cent does not...

Festivals & Holidays in Lithuania

Public holidays in Lithuania DateEnglish NameLocal NameRemarksJanuary 1New Year's DayNaujieji metaiFebruary 16the Day of Restoration of the State of Lithuania (1918)Lietuvos valstybės atkūrimo dienaMarch 11Day of Restoration of Independence of Lithuania (from the Soviet Union, 1990)Lietuvos nepriklausomybės atkūrimo dienaThe first Sunday after the full moon that occurs on or soonest...

Traditions & Customs in Lithuania

Lithuanians are a Baltic nation, yet tourists sometimes incorrectly believe they are related to Russians. Lithuanians are a separate Baltic ethnic group with their own language (Lithuanian), which is one of the earliest Indo-European languages and belongs to the Baltic branch of Indo-European languages (not the Slavic). Although there is...

Internet & Communications in Lithuania

Land line phones For landline phones, there is a monopoly operator, TEO (now "TeliaSonera AB"), which is a joint venture between Sweden (Telia) and Finland (Sonera). Landline phones are widely available across the United States. Cards, which may be found in kiosks, "TEO," or newspaper stands, are used with phones. Mobile...

Language & Phrasebook in Lithuania

Lithuanian is the official language of Lithuania, and it is one of only two languages on the Baltic branch of the Indo-European family (the other being Latvian). Despite Lithuanian's resemblance to many other European languages, its ancient grammar makes it difficult for outsiders inexperienced with the language to construct...

History Of Lithuania

In the Middle Ages, Lithuania, which was founded in the middle of the 13th century and stretched from the Baltic to the Black Sea, was a vast feudal kingdom that merged with Poland to create a commonwealth in 1569. Lithuania was a member of the Polish Lithuanian Commonwealth until...

Stay Safe & Healthy in Lithuania

Stay Safe in Lithuania Lithuania is a safe nation in general. However, you should take the following precautions: When visiting potentially dangerous neighborhoods late at night, exercise caution. It is better to stroll along major highways after dark than than taking a short cut through a park or apartment complex, since...

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