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Cordoba in Argentina-Travel-Guide-Travel-S-Helper

Cordoba

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Córdoba is a city in Argentina’s geographical center, in the Sierras Chicas foothills on the Suqua River, about 700 kilometers (435 miles) northwest of the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires. It is the seat of Córdoba Province and Argentina’s second largest city, behind Buenos Aires, with around 1.3 million residents as of the 2001 census. Jerónimo Luis de Cabrera established it on 6 July 1573 and called it Córdoba, Spain. It was one of the region’s original Spanish colonial capitals (the oldest city is Santiago del Estero, founded in 1553). The National University of Córdoba is the country’s first university and the second in Latin America. The Jesuit Order established it in 1613. As a result, Córdoba got the moniker La Docta (roughly translated, “the learned one”).

Córdoba contains several historical monuments from Spanish colonial authority, most notably Roman Catholic Church structures. Perhaps the most recognized structure is the Jesuit Block (Spanish: Manzana Jesutica), which was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2000. It comprises of a collection of 17th-century structures, including the Colegio Nacional de Monserrat and the colonial university campus. Today, the site is home to the National Institution of Córdoba’s history museum, which has been the country’s second biggest university (after the University of Buenos Aires) in terms of students, professors, and academic programs since the early twentieth century. Córdoba is particularly well-known for its historical movements, such the Cordobazo and La Reforma del ’18. (known as University Revolution in English).

Córdoba – Info Card

POPULATION :• City 1,309,536 (census)
• Metro 1,528,000 (est)
FOUNDED :  1573
TIME ZONE : ART (UTC−3)
LANGUAGE : Spanish (official)
RELIGION : 
AREA :  576 km2 (222 sq mi)
ELEVATION : between 352 and 544 m (between 1,154.86 and 1,784.78 ft)
COORDINATES : 31°25′S 64°11′W
SEX RATIO : Male: 649,955
 Female:  683,433
ETHNIC : 
AREA CODE : 351
POSTAL CODE : 
DIALING CODE :  +54 351

Tourism in Córdoba

Córdoba is Argentina’s second biggest city, with a population of over 1.4 million, and is the seat of the Cordoba province. It is well-known for its illustrious colonial legacy and its historic university, which is currently the country’s second biggest. The historical center and majestic cathedrals, the Cathedral, and the Jesuit area with the Montserrat School and the ancient University buildings, are not to be missed. Additionally, Córdoba is home to the cuarteto, Argentina’s most popular Latin pop music genre.

The city, established in 1573, is situated in the center of Central Argentina, sandwiched between the Pampas and Gran Chaco plains to the east and the Sierras de Córdoba mountains to the west. It is bordered by picturesque valleys that are created by three distinct mountain ranges and are renowned tourist sites. Due to the abundance of public transportation, it is possible to combine a plunge into metropolitan life with a journey to the Sierras.

UNDERSTAND

Córdoba is often referred to as La Docta because to its many colleges and scientific organizations. Around 200,000 students attend, making the city one of the most youthful and vibrant in South America. There is a vibrant cultural and nightlife scene concentrated on the central business district (centro) and the districts of Güemes, Nueva Córdoba, Cerro de las Rosas, and Alta Córdoba.

The city center’s colonial architecture currently coexists with several contemporary structures. While the oldest structures are concentrated around the Plaza San Martn (microcentro), the most attractive places are currently the Nueva Córdoba neighborhood to the south of the center and the region around the Caada, a tiny colonial canal that runs through the city. These neighborhoods have a combination of well-designed contemporary structures and charming older homes, many of which are fashioned in the neo-colonial style. Barrio Güemes’s historic quarter, where many buildings are preserved by municipal legislation, is currently exceptionally attractive, with an ambience reminiscent of Buenos Aires’ San Telmo district, but with greater activity on the streets. It is, nevertheless, greatly impacted by gentrification, which is terrible for some and good for others.

The city district encompasses 529 square kilometers (204 square miles) and is home to 1.3 million people. The city’s population growth has slowed in recent decades, as many residents have relocated to suburbs and satellite towns beyond this region. Those to the west of the city are located in the Sierras de Córdoba and consist mostly of residential neighborhoods with a few tourist attractions. In the plains north and east of the city, there are impoverished suburbs with slum-like appearances such as Juárez Celman and Malvinas Argentinas.

Climate of Córdoba

The climate in the city and its environs is nice all year. Even in winter, there are numerous bright, sunny days, but be prepared for cold evenings and brief bouts of cool, gloomy weather that seldom last more than a week or two. Summer, the wet season (November to March), is hot and humid, with frequent afternoon rain showers and thunderstorms. Due to an inadequate drainage system, the rain causes occasional spot flooding. March to May and August to November are the ideal months to visit Córdoba, since the weather is neither too hot or too cold and there is minimal rain.

Geography of Córdoba

31°25′S 64°11′W, using San Martn Square in central Cordoba as a reference point. The municipal common land is located in the southern hemisphere, south of the South American continental, in the geographical center – west of Argentina and the province of Córdoba; at a distance of 702 kilometers (436 miles) from Buenos Aires and 401 kilometers (249 miles) from Rosario.

According to provincial laws No. 778 enacted on December 14, 1878, Not. 927 enacted on October 20, 1883, and Not. 1295 enacted on December 29, 1893, the city of Córdoba’s limits are defined as the northern part, south, east, and west located 12 kilometers (7 miles) from San Martn Square, which means that the common land extends 24 kilometers (15 miles) on all sides. The city has a northern border with the Colón Department, totaling 562 square kilometers.

GEOLOGY

The city is situated in the Humid Pampa plain, east of the oriental cord of the Córdoba Hills, or Sierras Chicas, also known as the Sierras Cordobesas, which averages 550 meters in elevation. It stretches over both sides of the River Suqua at the foot of the volcano and empties into the San Roque reservoir; from there, the Primero River flows east into the plains around Córdoba.

Within the city, the La Caada stream joins the Rio Primero near the city’s central business district. Isla de los Patos (Ducks Island), two kilometers to the east, was repopulated with ducks and swans in the 1980s. In March 2006, it was reported that a huge number of ducks had perished from unknown reasons. The culprit is considered to be pollution generated by chemical waste, although avian influenza is also being researched.

Beyond the municipal boundaries, the river runs through the Algarrobos wetland before reaching the southern shore of the Mar Chiquita (or Mar de Ansenuza) salt lake. The river is roughly 200 kilometers (124 miles) long and averages 9.7 m3/s, with a low of 2 m3/s and a high of 24 m3/s during the summer months.

Pollution of the river and riverbank is a significant environmental problem in Córdoba. Periodic cleaning operations are conducted to improve the water’s cleanliness and to maintain fishing viability in the San Roque reservoir region and downstream.

Economy of Córdoba

Córdoba has been establishing a diverse industrial base since World War II. The city’s largest industry is automobile and automobile component manufacturing: (Renault has a factory that manufactures a variety of vehicles, Volkswagen has a facility that specializes in the production of gearboxes, and Fiat) has another automobile factory. Numerous vendors (both domestic and international) make automobile components for these activities. Additionally, Nissan and Mercedes-Benz will begin manufacturing their new pickup vehicle at the Renault facility in 2017-2018. Railway construction (Materfer) and airplane building (Fábrica Militar de Aviones) were previously substantial employment, but their operations have significantly decreased in recent years. Additionally, certain textile, heavy, and chemical industries exist (e.g. Porta for alcohol).

The areas around Córdoba generate an abundance of agricultural goods, which are processed in the city. Additionally, the province is a major manufacturer of agricultural equipment in the nation, albeit the most of these enterprises are located outside of the city. Arcor, a candy business, has its headquarters in the city.

Córdoba has long been regarded as Argentina’s technology capital. Argentina’s spaceport (Centro Espacial Teófilo Tabanera), which develops and operates satellites for CONAE, is situated in the Falda del Carmen area. The software and electronics sectors are growing and becoming key exporters; Motorola, Vates, Intel, Electronic Data Systems, and Santex América are among the sector’s largest local employees.

Additionally, the city has a service-based economy focusing on retail, professional services (including corporations like as Deloitte), and financial services, with Tarjeta Naranja as the primary local player. It has lately emerged as a centre for start-ups, attracting an increasing number of angel investors, thanks in part to the availability of individuals with technology-related talents.

Internet, Communication in Córdoba

Córdoba’s typical telephone number is 0351, except in the Argüello district to the north, where it is 03543.

The majority of hotels, hostels, cafés, and restaurants now provide free wi-fi, and the Nueva Córdoba neighborhood has a public Wi-fi service (very slow). Internet cafés continue to operate, but at a considerably reduced rate than in previous decades, charging between 5 and 10 pesos per hour.

Cordoba.gov.ar is the city’s official website; an excellent online portal with the most up-to-date event information is Vos, which is maintained by the city’s most popular newspaper La Voz del Interior.

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