Bahrain is a tiny Arab kingdom on the Persian Gulf, formally known as the Kingdom of Bahrain. Bahrain is a collection of islands located between Qatar’s peninsula and Saudi Arabia’s northwestern coast. It is an island nation in the Middle East, along the western borders of the Persian Gulf. It is a tiny archipelago centered on the island of Bahrain, which has the most land mass. It is just 23 kilometers (14 miles) east of Saudi Arabia and is linked to it by the King Fahd Causeway. The Qatar Peninsula is also close by, approximately 50 kilometers (31 miles) southeast via Bahrain Bay. Iran is situated 200 kilometers (124 miles) north of the Persian Gulf. In 2010, the population was 1 234 567 individuals, including 666 172 non-citizens. It has a land area of 780 km2, making it Asia’s third biggest nation after the Maldives and Singapore.
Bahrain is the ancient Dilmun civilization’s birthplace. It has been renowned since ancient times for its pearl workmanship, which was considered the finest in the world in the nineteenth century. Bahrain was one of the first places in the world to convert to Islam. Following the Arabul era, Bahrain was conquered by the Portuguese in 1521, who were ousted in 1602 by Shah Abbas I of the Safavid dynasty of the Persian kingdom. The tribe of Bani Utba conquered Bahrain from Nasr al-Madkuranda in 1783, and he has controlled the royal dynasty of Al-Khalifa since then, with the first hakim of Ahmed al-Fatehas Bahrain. Bahrain became a protectorate of the United Kingdom in the late 1800s, after numerous treaties with the British. Bahrain declared independence in 1971. Previously, the Kingdom of Bahrain proclaimed the state of Bahrain in 2002. Protests erupted in the nation in 2011, sparked by the Arab Spring in the area.
Bahrain has the first post-oil economy in the Persian Gulf. Bahrain began investing in the banking and tourist sectors towards the end of the twentieth century. Many major financial institutions are located in Manama, the country’s capital. Bahrain has a high human development index and has been designated as a high-income economy by the World Bank.