Morocco, formally known as the Kingdom of Morocco, is a sovereign country in North Africa’s Maghreb area. Morocco is distinguished geographically by a rough rocky interior and vast swaths of desert. It has both an Atlantic and a Mediterranean shoreline.
Morocco has a population of approximately 33.8 million people and an area of 446,550 square kilometers (172,410 sq mi). Rabat is the capital, and Casablanca is the biggest city. Marrakesh, Tangier, Tetouan, Salé, Fes, Agadir, Meknes, Oujda, Kenitra, and Nador are among the other important cities. Morocco, a historically significant regional force, has a history of independence that its neighbors do not enjoy. Its culture is a fusion of Arab, indigenous Berber, Sub-Saharan African, and European influences.
Morocco claims Western Sahara, a non-self-governing area, as its Southern Provinces. Morocco seized the area in 1975, sparking a guerrilla war with indigenous forces that lasted until a cease-fire was reached in 1991. So far, peace processes have failed to overcome the political impasse.
Morocco is a constitutional monarchy with a parliament that is elected by the people. Morocco’s King wields enormous executive and legislative responsibilities, particularly over the military, foreign policy, and religious matters. The government wields executive authority, while the two houses of parliament, the Assembly of Representatives and the Assembly of Councillors, have legislative power. The king has the authority to make decrees known as dahirs, which carry the force of law. He may also dissolve parliament after conferring with the Prime Minister and the President of the Constitutional Court.
Morocco’s primary religion is Islam, while Arabic and Tamazight are the official languages. Darija, a Moroccan dialect, and French are also commonly spoken. Morocco is a key member of the Arab League and a founding member of the Union for the Mediterranean. It has Africa’s sixth largest economy.