Salvador, often spelled São Salvador and Salvador da Bahia, is the capital of Bahia, Brazil. It is the biggest city proper in the Northeast Region, with 2.9 million inhabitants (2013), and the third-largest city proper in the nation, after São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro.
Salvador, founded by the Portuguese in 1549 as Brazil’s first capital, is one of the Americas’ oldest colonial capitals. Between its Lower Town (Cidade Baixa) and Upper Town (Cidade Alta), a high cliff separates them by about 85 meters (279 ft). Since 1873, the Elevador Lacerda, Brazil’s first elevator, connects the two. The Pelourinho neighborhood of the upper town, which still has several specimens of Portuguese colonial architecture and historical sites, was in 1985 designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The city’s cathedral serves as the see of Brazil’s primate, and its Carnival festival is said to be the world’s biggest. Salvador was the Americas’ first slave port, and the African ancestors of the slaves have made it a hub of Afro-Brazilian (preto) culture. The food, music, and architecture of the city are all well-known. Porto da Barra Beach in Barra has been dubbed one of the world’s top beaches. Itaipava Arena Fonte Nova hosted games at Brazil’s 2014 World Cup.
Salvador is located in the Recôncavo, Bahia’s prosperous agricultural and industrial marine zone, and remains a significant Brazilian port. Its metropolitan area, which has a population of 3,953,290 (2015), is the richest in Brazil’s Northeast Region.
Salvador Da Bahia – Info Card
|POPULATION :||• Municipality 2,902,927|
• Metro 3,919,864
|FOUNDED :||29 March 1549|
|TIME ZONE :||UTC-3|
|RELIGION :||Catholic 51.55%|
No religion 17.64%
Umbanda and Candomblé 1.05%
|AREA :||693 km2 (268 sq mi)|
|ELEVATION :||8 m (26 ft)|
|COORDINATES :||12°58′29″S 38°28′36″W|
|SEX RATIO :||• Male: 46.7%|
• Female: 53.3%
|ETHNIC :||Pardo (Multiracial) (51.7%) Black (27.8%) White (18.9%) Asian (1.3%) and Amerindian(0.3%).|
|AREA CODE :||71|
|POSTAL CODE :||40000-000|
|DIALING CODE :||+55 71|
Tourism in Salvador Da Bahia
Salvador is the capital of Brazil’s Bahia state. It is regarded one of the birthplaces of Brazilian culture due to its attractive Old Town (a UNESCO World Heritage Site), dynamic musical scene, and renowned Carnaval festivals.
Salvador has one of the longest coastlines in Brazil. Between the High and Low Cities, there are 80 kilometers (50 miles) of beaches, ranging from Inema in the railroad neighborhood to the Praia do Flamengo on the opposite side of town. While the beaches of the Low City are surrounded by the waters of All Saints Bay (the country’s largest bay), the beaches of the High City, from Farol da Barra to Flamengo, are surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean. Porto do Barra Beach is an anomaly, since it is the only beach in the High City that is situated inside All Saints Bay.
The beaches of the city vary from tranquil inlets good for swimming, sailing, diving, and underwater fishing to open sea inlets with high waves popular with surfers. Additionally, there are beaches that are bordered by reefs, generating natural stone pools that are perfect for youngsters.
Numerous retail malls service the city, including Shopping Iguatemi, Shopping Salvador, Shopping Barra, and Shopping Paralela.
Salvador has four parks, designated as Jardim dos Namorados Park, Costa Azul Park, City Park, and Pituaçu Park.
Jardim dos Namorados is next to Costa Azul Park and is a 15-hectare area near Pituba, where many families vacationed in the 1950s. It was opened in 1969 as a recreational area. It was completely renovated in the 1990s, with the addition of a 500-seat amphitheater, sports courts, playgrounds, and parking for vehicles and tourist buses.
The City Park is a critical preservation area for the Atlantic woodland. It was entirely rebuilt in 2001, transforming it into a contemporary social, cultural, and recreational space. The new park encompasses 720 square meters of green space in the heart of the city. Among the attractions is Praça das Flores (Flowers Square), which is surrounded by over 5,000 decorative plants and flowers.
Apart from its natural setting, the park features a dedicated infrastructure for children, with a specific calendar of activities held each October.
Pituaçu Park, established by state law in 1973, has an area of 450 hectares and is one of the few urban ecological parks in Brazil. It is bordered by Atlantic woodland, which is densely forested and home to a diverse range of flora and animals. Additionally, the park has an artificial pond that was constructed in 1906 beside the Pituaçu Dam for the purpose of supplying water to the city.
There are several recreational opportunities, ranging from cycloboat excursions on the pond to a 38-kilometer-long (24-mile-long) cycloway that circles the whole reserve. Additionally, the park has a museum. Espaço Cravo is an outdoor museum comprised of 800 works by Mario Cravo, including Totems, winged and three-dimensional creatures, as well as sketches and paintings.
Salvador is located on a peninsula on Brazil’s north-east coast, protecting the expansive Baa de Todos os Santos (“All Saints Bay”) from the Atlantic Ocean. The city is Brazil’s third biggest, extending inland for dozens of kilometers from the shore. The majority of tourists go toward the coastal neighborhoods clustered around the point where the bay joins the ocean. Salvador, Brazil’s climate is tropical, with rainforests and rich flora.
A 100m cliff spans the length of the bayshore, separating the city into Cidade Alta, which is located on the cliff, and Cidade Baixa, which is located by the bay. The former is home to Pelourinho, the ancient city center, which crams historical landmarks, colonial architecture, museums, restaurants, pubs, hostels, artisanal stores, and music/dance/capoeira schools into a handy, though tourist-infested, network of twisting cobblestone lanes. The latter is a commercial hub with a high volume of bus travel from all across Salvador.
Outside of this region, other beach districts continue northeast along the Atlantic coast from the peninsula’s tip. Barra, on the peninsula’s tip, is the primary alternative departure point for Pelourinho, while the chic districts of Rio Vermelho and Amaralina, to the northeast, provide a nightlife that is less focused toward the international tourist business. Beyond them lies the neighborhood of Itapuã, which has an active beachside nightlife and a low number of international tourists. There are miles and kilometres of beautiful beaches north of there, all of which are accessible by bus.
Beyond Pelourinho, the bayshore shoreline has a more calm mood and a more localized, but less picturesque, beach scene. Salvador’s interior is where the “new city” has emerged, with residential areas, retail megaplexes, and winding motorways that may be rather alienating without a companion to guide you around.
Local locals relish the opportunity to demonstrate their unusual dance and musical abilities to visitors. Additionally, residents are regarded as among of the kindest people on the globe. The majority of local folks welcome tourists with open arms.
Climate of Salvador Da Bahia
Salvador has a tropical rainforest climate (Köppen: Af) with no obvious dry season, since no month receives more than 60 millimeters of rain on average. Temperatures are reasonably stable throughout the year. September is the driest month of the year in Salvador, with an average of 10 cm (4 in) of precipitation. Salvador’s wettest months are April through June, when each month receives at least 20 cm (8 in) of rain.
Economy of Salvador Da Bahia
Salvador has played a significant role in Brazilian history. Due to its position on Brazil’s northeastern coast, the city played a critical role in the Portuguese empire’s colonial period, keeping tight trade relations between Portugal and Portuguese territories in Africa and Asia.
Salvador was Brazil’s premier city until 1763, when it was supplanted as the country’s capital by Rio de Janeiro. Numerous high-rise office and residential buildings have been developed in the previous decade, sharing blocks with colonial-era residences or commercial structures.
With its beaches, humid tropical environment, multiple modern retail malls (The Shopping Iguatemi was Northeastern Brazil’s first shopping mall), and attractive high-class residential sections, the city has a lot to offer its citizens.
Economically, Salvador is one of the most significant cities in Brazil. Since its inception, the city has been an important port and international commerce hub in Brazil. With a huge oil refinery, a petrochemical facility, and other significant sectors, the city has made significant gains in transitioning away from its historical reliance on agriculture for prosperity.
Salvador is Brazil’s second most visited tourist destination, after Rio de Janeiro. Tourism and cultural activities contribute significantly to employment and revenue generation, as well as to the advancement of the arts and the preservation of artistic and cultural heritage.
Among the city’s many attractions are the famed Pelourinho neighborhood (called after the colonial pillories that previously stood there), ancient churches, and beaches. Salvador’s tourist infrastructure, particularly in terms of hotels, is regarded to be one of the most contemporary in the world. The city’s housing options range from youth hostels to international hotels. Construction is one of the city’s primary industries, and several foreign (mostly Spanish, Portuguese, and English) and domestic developers are investing in the city and the Bahian littoral zone.
Ford Motor Company manufactures the Ford EcoSport, Ford Fiesta, and Ford Fiesta Sedan in the Metropolitan Region of Salvador, in the city of Camaçari. It was Northeastern Brazil’s first automotive industry. There are 800 engineers employed in the sector.
JAC Motors will establish a facility in the Salvador Metropolitan Region, in the city of Camaçari. The new industry will generate 3,500 direct employment and 10,000 indirect ones, with an annual manufacturing capacity of 100,000 automobiles.
Monsanto Company opened its first factory in South America in December 2001, in the Petrochemical Pole of Camaçari, in the Metropolitan Region of Salvador. The plant is meant to generate raw materials for the herbicide Roundup. The investment totals US$500 million, of which US$350 million was invested in the first phase. The Camaçari Plant, Monsanto’s biggest operation outside the United States, is also the only Monsanto facility that produces raw ingredients for the Roundup manufacturing line. In January 2000, the business began civil construction on the new facility.