Argentina is located in South America and is the eighth largest country in the world. The highest and lowest points in South America are also in Argentina: Cerro Aconcagua is the highest mountain in the Americas at 6,960m, while Salinas Chicas is the lowest point in South America at 40m below sea level.
At the southern end of Argentina, there are several routes between the South Atlantic and the South Pacific, including the Strait of Magellan, the Beagle Channel and the Drake Passage, which are alternatives to rounding Cape Horn on the open ocean between South America and Antarctica.
The name Argentina derives from argentinos, the ancient Greek diminutive (tinos) of silver (argentos), which early Spanish explorers sought when they visited the region in the 16th century.
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