Ushuaia is the provincial capital of Argentina’s Tierra del Fuego, Antártida, and Islas del Atlántico Sur province. It is often referred to be the world’s southernmost city. Ushuaia is situated on the southern coast of Tierra del Fuego, in a broad bay that is flanked on the north by the Martial mountain range and on the south by the Beagle Channel. It is the sole municipality in the 9,390-square-kilometer Department of Ushuaia (3,625 sq mi).
The city of around 56,000 residents has developed over the previous decades from a peaceful town to a bustling tourist destination, so you will not feel as if you have arrived at the end of the earth. The stunning terrain around the city, along with excellent outdoor activities, including one of the world’s southernmost winter sport resorts with a view of the sea, make Ushuaia a destination worth visiting.
Ushuaia – Info Card
|FOUNDED :||12 October 1884|
|TIME ZONE :||ART (UTC−3)|
|LANGUAGE :||Spanish (official)|
|AREA :||23 km2 (9 sq mi)|
|ELEVATION :||23 m (75 ft)|
|COORDINATES :||54°48′S 68°18′W|
|SEX RATIO :|
|AREA CODE :||2901|
|POSTAL CODE :|
|DIALING CODE :||+54 2901|
Tourism in Ushuaia
Ushuaia is the main city in Argentina’s Tierra del Fuego province and perhaps the world’s southernmost city, located on the Beagle Strait. The settlement has served as a missionary post, prison colony, and naval base for the Argentine navy in the past. Ushuaia has developed into a significant tourist destination, replete with casinos and fine dining, and is often used as a base for trekking, winter sports, and Antarctic cruises.
Tierra del Fuego National Park and Lapataia Bay are popular tourist destinations. The park is accessible by roadway or the End of the World Train (Tren del Fin del Mundo), which departs from Ushuaia. The city is home to a museum commemorating the Yámana, English, and Argentine settlements, as well as its years as a penal colony. Local birds, penguins, seals, and orcas are also popular wildlife attractions, with several of these species populating islands in the Beagle Channel. Daily bus and boat visits to Harberton, the Bridges family property, are available. Additionally, tours include a visit to the Les Eclaireurs Lighthouse. Les Eclaireurs is sometimes mistaken with Jules Verne’s “Lighthouse at the End of the World” (Faro del fin del mundo); however, the latter is located around 200 miles (320 kilometers) east of Ushuaia on Isla de los Estados (Staten Island).
Numerous tourist offices are located across the city. Apart from the big one on the main street (which is temporarily closed; the closest one is in the port, adjacent to the ‘end of the world’ sign), there are smaller ones on the airfield and in the port.
- Central Tourist Office, San Martín 674 (corner of Juana Fadul), +54 2901 424550, +54 2901 432001, fax: +54 2901 432000, e-mail:[email protected] free WiFi,
Climate of Ushuaia
Although Ushuaia’s temperature statistics technically conform to the criteria of a tundra climate (Köppen: ET), this is greatly mitigated by the ocean’s vicinity. Thus, the vegetation around the settlement does not resemble normal tundra, but is densely wooded. At the Ushuaia – Malvinas Argentinas International Airport, temperatures average 1.3 degrees Celsius (34.3 degrees Fahrenheit) in the lowest month (July) and 9.6 degrees Celsius (49.3 degrees Fahrenheit) in the hottest month (January). The record low is 21 degrees Celsius (6 degrees Fahrenheit) in July, while the record high is 29.5 degrees Celsius (85 degrees Fahrenheit) in January. The city receives an average of 146 days of precipitation each year, with a high number of gloomy and foggy days, averaging 206 cloudy days per year. As a consequence, Ushuaia receives an average of 3.93 hours of sunlight each day (or 1,434 hours per year), or around 30.2 percent of available sunshine. Despite getting an average annual precipitation of just 529.7 millimetres (21 in), Ushuaia is very humid, with an average humidity of 77 percent.
Summers are often overcast and breezy, with daytime maximum temperatures averaging about 14 °C (57 °F) and nighttime lows of around 5 °C (41 °F). Temperatures of 20 °C (68 °F) or higher occur only on a few days, and night frost, as well as days below 10.0 °C (50 °F), are always conceivable. Temperatures steadily decrease during the fall, reaching a high of around 4.5 °C (40 °F) and a low of 1.4 °C (29 °F) in the winter, with periodic snow, sleet, and rain showers. Certain winters may have prolonged periods of frost and snow, while others may feature snowstorms followed by thaws. Temperatures gradually rise again in the spring, although snow showers and frost are usual until the start of summer in December, and they may occur even in July.
The southwest winds increase the rainfall on the outlying islands, reaching 1,400 mm (55 in) on Isla de los Estados (Island of the States). Due of the year-round cold temperatures, there is less evaporation. Snow is prevalent in the winter and persists on a consistent basis throughout the year. Summer snowfall is not uncommon in Ushuaia (from November to March). Due to the city’s southern location, it is impacted by Antarctica, and the length of daylight changes greatly, from more than 17 hours in summer to just over 7 hours in winter.
Geography of Ushuaia
Ushuaia has long been referred to be the world’s southernmost city. While communities exist farther south, the sole one of note is Puerto Williams, a Chilean community of around 2,000 persons. Ushuaia, however, certainly qualifies as a city as a population, business, and cultural center, as well as a town of major size and significance. According to a 1998 article in the newspaper Clarn, Puerto Williams had been granted the designation “Southernmost city in the world” by a joint committee of Argentina and Chile, but this was denied by Argentine authorities, and the Argentina Tourism Secretariat continues to use the slogan in official documentation and web sites.
Economy of Ushuaia
Fishing, natural gas and oil production, sheep farming, and ecotourism are the primary economic activities.
Internet, Communication in Ushuaia
Ushuaia’s area code is 02901 and its postal code is V9410. There is access to broadband Internet and a mobile phone network.
On San Martn, there are Internet cafés. The rates are greater than in other parts of Argentina, at $5/hour.
If you want an unique “end of the world” stamp on your postcards, visit the national park’s modest post office at Baha Ensenada.