Saturday, December 4, 2021

Ukraine

EuropeUkraine

Ukraine is a sovereign state in Eastern Europe, bounded on the east and northeast by Russia, on the northwest by Belarus, on the west by Poland and Slovakia, on the southwest by Hungary, Romania, and Moldova, and on the south and southeast by the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov. Ukraine and Russia are presently engaged in a territorial dispute over the Crimean Peninsula, which Russia seized in 2014 but which Ukraine and the majority of the international community see as Ukrainian. Ukraine’s total size, including Crimea, is 603,628 km2 (233,062 sq mi), making it the biggest nation completely inside Europe and the 46th largest in the world. It has a population of about 44.5 million, making it the world’s 32nd most populated nation.

Since 32,000 BC, the present Ukrainian region has been populated. Throughout the Middle Ages, the region was a vital center of East Slavic culture, with the strong kingdom of Kievan Rus’ serving as the foundation for Ukrainian identity. Following the territory’s disintegration in the 13th century, it was disputed, controlled, and partitioned by a number of countries, including Lithuania, Poland, the Ottoman Empire, Austria-Hungary, and Russia. During the 17th and 18th centuries, a Cossack republic developed and flourished, but its territory was ultimately divided between Poland and the Russian Empire, and finally absorbed entirely by Russia. During the twentieth century, two short periods of independence occurred, one at the conclusion of World War I and another during World War II. However, both instances resulted in the consolidation of Ukraine’s borders into a Soviet republic, a position that lasted until 1991, when Ukraine achieved independence from the Soviet Union after the Cold War’s conclusion. Prior to independence, Ukraine was often referred to in English as “The Ukraine,” but sources have subsequently moved to exclude the prefix “the” from all usage of the term.

Ukraine proclaimed itself a neutral state after independence. Nonetheless, in 1994, it established a limited military cooperation with the Russian Federation and other Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) nations, as well as a collaboration with NATO. In the 2000s, the government started to gravitate toward NATO, and the NATO-Ukraine Action Plan signed in 2002 laid the groundwork for further collaboration with the alliance. Later, it was agreed that the issue of NATO membership should be decided by a public vote at some time in the future. Former President Viktor Yanukovych deemed the existing level of cooperation between Ukraine and NATO adequate and opposed Ukraine’s membership in NATO. Protests against President Yanukovych’s administration erupted in downtown Kiev in 2013, after the government’s decision to suspend the Ukraine-European Union Association Agreement in favor of stronger economic relations with Russia. This sparked a several-month-long wave of rallies and protests known as the Euromaidan, which eventually culminated in the 2014 Ukrainian revolution, which saw President Yanukovych and his cabinet deposed and a new government formed. These actions laid the groundwork for Russia’s annexation of Crimea in March 2014 and the outbreak of the Donbass War in April 2014. Both of these projects are currently underway as of August 2016. Ukraine implemented the economic component of the Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area with the European Union on 1 January 2016.

Ukraine has long been a worldwide breadbasket due to its vast, rich farmlands, and it continues to be one of the biggest grain exporters in the world. Ukraine’s diverse economy is anchored on a sizable heavy industry sector, most notably in aircraft and industrial equipment.

Ukraine is a unitary country with a semi-presidential system with three distinct departments of government: legislative, executive, and judiciary. Kiev is the capital and biggest city. Ukraine has the second-largest military in Europe, behind Russia, when reserves and paramilitary troops are included. The nation has a population of 42.5 million people (excluding Crimea), with Ukrainians constituting 77.8 percent of the population, followed by a sizable minority of Russians (17.3 percent), Romanians/Moldovans, Belarusians, Crimean Tatars, Bulgarians, and Hungarians. Ukrainian is Ukraine’s official language; it uses the Cyrillic alphabet. Eastern Orthodoxy is the country’s main religion, and it has had a significant impact on Ukrainian architecture, literature, and music.

Ukraine | Introduction

After the October Revolution and the Civil War, the whole nation, known as the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, became a member of the Soviet Union. Ukraine is Europe's second-largest nation, despite having one of the fastest-declining populations of any major country owing to high emigration, limited immigration, early deaths...

How To Travel To Ukraine

By plane Boryspil International Airport in Kyiv is the cheapest method to fly into Ukraine. Budapest, Frankfurt, Milan, Munich, Prague, London, Rome, Vienna, and Warsaw are the main international hubs for these flights, with several flights per day of Austrian AUA, CSA Czech Airlines, LOT, Lufthansa, Alitalia, Air France, British...

Visa & Passport Requirements for Ukraine

Citizens of the European Union, the United States, Canada, Japan, South Korea, Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Andorra, Vatican City, Monaco, Iceland, Norway, San Marino, Mongolia, Serbia, Montenegro, Georgia, Hong Kong, Israel, Paraguay, Brazil, Brunei, Chile, Argentina, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Macedonia, Panama, Turkey, and the Commonwealth of Independent States are no longer...

Destinations in Ukraine

Regions in Ukraine Central UkraineUkraine's political, economic, and cultural center, centered on the capital of Kyiv. Western UkraineFor centuries, non-Russian European nations (e.g., Poland, Lithuania, Hungary, Romania, Czechoslovakia, and Turkey) ruled the region; as a result, Central European architecture, food, language, and religion may be found here. Eastern UkraineThe highly industrialized and...

Accommodation & Hotels in Ukraine

Outside of Kiev, hotels may be a terrible experience for a westerner. The lower the price of the hotel, the greater the possibility of some unpleasant shocks, particularly for those unfamiliar with the Soviet-style quality of service that is still prevalent in many locations. Outside of Kiev, there are many...

Things To See in Ukraine

Ukraine, with its vast size and varied culture and landscapes, has a plethora of excellent things to offer. The country's major attractions include some outstanding and distinctively Slavic towns, significant cultural history, and, of course, world-class natural regions. Visit the ancient city of Lviv, which is a Unesco World Heritage...

Food & Drinks in Ukraine

Food in Ukraine Ukrainian food is very delicious, and it has many similarities with Russian cuisine. It utilizes a lot of fat components, much as other cuisines in the area, particularly in celebratory meals. Traditional local cuisine includes "salo" (salted lard) and soups such as "solianka" (солнка in Ukrainian, pork...

Money & Shopping in Ukraine

The hryvnia is the monetary unit (UAH). In Ukrainian, it is spelled pивн and pronounced hryvnia, whereas in Russian, it is spelled grivna. To add to the confusion, Russian speakers in the east often refer to it as ruble, and it is occasionally displayed as "" both before and...

Festivals & Holidays in Ukraine

DateEnglish nameUkrainian nameRemarksJanuary 1New Year's DayНовий Рік January 7ChristmasРіздвоReligious holidayMarch 8International Women's DayМіжнародний жіночий день moveableOrthodox EasterВеликденьReligious holidaymoveableEaster + 49 daysOrthodox PentecostТрійцяReligious holidayMay 1 & 2International Workers' DayДень міжнародної солідарності трудящих May 9Victory Day over Nazism in World War IIДень перемоги над нацизмом у Другій світовій війніTo commemorate the end of World...

Traditions & Customs in Ukraine

Respect the reality that Ukraine is a sovereign state. You may discover that individuals here are wary of being labeled as "Russians." Ukrainians have their own nationality and dislike being mistaken for Russians. Don't use the phrase "the Ukraine," since it suggests that Ukraine is a territory of Russia rather...

Internet & Communications in Ukraine

The major telecom operator is Ukrtelekom. Ukraine's country code is 380. Kyivstar and Vodafone are the two largest mobile phone providers in Ukraine. Internet The overwhelming majority of Ukraine's land has mobile GPRS access. 3G mobile access is rapidly expanding. Cities are littered with public Wi-Fi hotspots. There are plans and initiatives...

Language & Phrasebook in Ukraine

The official language is Ukrainian. Russian, Romanian, Polish, and Hungarian are spoken near neighboring nations. Russian is a close cousin of Ukrainian and is often used as a first language in Ukraine's south and east. It is fair to assume that almost any Ukrainian will understand Russian; however, keep...

Culture Of Ukraine

Ukrainian traditions are strongly influenced by Christianity, the country's main religion. Gender roles are considerably more conventional, and grandparents play a larger part in child rearing than in the West. Ukraine's culture has also been affected by its eastern and western neighbors, as shown by its architecture, music, and...

History Of Ukraine

Ukraine has a rich and proud history, beginning with the establishment of Kyivan Rus (perhaps established by Swedish Vikings) as the most powerful kingdom in Medieval Europe. While this kingdom was conquered by the Mongols, the western portion of Ukraine became part of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth from the 14th...

Stay Safe & Healthy in Ukraine

Stay Safe in Ukraine Many individuals would advise you to bring a copy of your visa with you. Unfortunately, some individuals have difficulty with this. It's usually a good idea to have your passport on hand. As evidence of identification, a photocopy may be rejected. A phone call to a...

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