Tuesday, October 26, 2021

Sweden

EuropeSweden

Sweden, formally the Kingdom of Sweden, is a northern European Scandinavian nation. It is bounded on the west by Norway and on the east by Finland, and on the southwest by Denmark through a bridge-tunnel across the resund. Sweden is the third-largest nation in the European Union by size, covering 450,295 square kilometers (173,860 square miles), and has a population of over 9.9 million. As a result, Sweden has a low population density of 21 people per square kilometer (54/sq mi), with the southern part of the nation having the greatest concentration. Around 85 percent of the population lives in cities.

Since prehistoric times, Germanic peoples have inhabited Sweden, developing as the Geats/Götar and Swedes/Svear and becoming the sea people known as the Norsemen. Southern Sweden is mostly agricultural, while the northern part of the country is largely wooded. Sweden is located within the Fennoscandia geographical region. Due to considerable marine influence, the climate is often very moderate given its northerly latitude, yet maintains warm continental summers. Sweden is now both a constitutional monarchy and a parliamentary democracy, with a monarch serving as head of state. Stockholm, the capital city, is also the country’s most populated city. Legislative authority is vested in the Riksdag, a 349-member unicameral legislature. The government, headed by the prime minister, exercises executive authority. Sweden is a unitary state comprised of 21 counties and 290 municipalities at the moment.

During the Middle Ages, Sweden became an autonomous and united nation. It extended its holdings in the 17th century to create the Swedish Empire, which remained one of Europe’s major powers until the early 18th century. Swedish holdings beyond the Scandinavian Peninsula steadily dwindled during the 18th and 19th centuries, culminating in Russia’s acquisition of modern-day Finland in 1809. Sweden’s last active involvement in a war was in 1814, when Norway was forced forcefully into personal union. Since then, Sweden has remained at peace, adhering to an official posture of foreign policy neutrality. Sweden’s union with Norway was peacefully dissolved in 1905, resulting in the establishment of the country’s present boundaries. Though Sweden maintained a nominal neutral position throughout both world wars, it participated in humanitarian initiatives, such as accepting refugees from German-occupied Europe.

Sweden joined the European Union on 1 January 1995, but rejected NATO and Eurozone membership after a vote. Additionally, it is a member of the United Nations, the Nordic Council, the European Council, the Council of Europe, the World Trade Organization, and the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). Sweden maintains a Nordic social welfare system that offers universal health care and access to post-secondary education for its people. It has the eighth-highest per capita income in the world and scores highly on a variety of performance indicators, including quality of life, health, education, civil rights protection, economic competitiveness, equality, prosperity, and human development.

Sweden | Introduction

Geography Sweden is located in Northern Europe, west of the Baltic Sea and the Gulf of Bothnia, and comprises the eastern portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula. The Scandinavian mountain chain (Skanderna) divides Sweden and Norway to the west. Finland is situated to the north-east of it. It has maritime borders...

How To Travel To Sweden

By plane Visit Luftfartsverket - Swedish Airports and Air Navigation Services for arrival and departure times, as well as a wealth of additional information about flights and airports in Sweden. Major airports: Stockholm Arlanda (IATA: ARN) is by far the biggest airport in the country, servicing the majority of major international and domestic carriers.Göteborg...

How To Travel Around Sweden

The ancient right to access (allemansrätten) gives everyone the freedom to freely travel in nature on foot, swimming, horseback, ski, bicycle, or boat, even on others' private land - but not via private yards. With the right comes the responsibility to protect people's privacy and the purity of nature....

Visa & Passport Requirements for Sweden

Sweden is a signatory to the Schengen Agreement. Border restrictions are usually not required between nations that have signed and implemented the pact. This covers the majority of the European Union as well as a few additional nations. Before boarding foreign planes or boats, passengers' identities are typically checked. Temporary border...

Destinations in Sweden

Regions in Sweden Sweden's three ancient lands, Götaland, Svealand, and Norrland, are further subdivided into 25 provinces, landskap, that constitute the cultural character of the Swedish people. The provinces are essentially the same as the 20 counties, or län, which are the mid-level governmental units. The municipality, kommun, is the lowest...

Accommodation & Hotels in Sweden

Car camping is both easy and cost-effective since you can stay overnight almost anyplace. Camping The Right to Access (Allemansrätten) enables anybody to camp in uncultivated areas (including private land, but not near homes) without requesting permission. There are certain restrictions, such as the fact that you may only remain in...

Things To See in Sweden

Sweden, despite its contemporary culture, is a nation rich of apparently unspoiled environment and ever-present history. Many tourists' first destination is ancient and small Stockholm, which is rich in history, home to the Vasa Museum, and the entrance to the Stockholm Archipelago. Gothenburg's canals and cobblestoned streets, with its...

Things To Do in Sweden

Outdoors During the summer, Kungsleden in northern Sweden draws a large number of tourists who enjoy a solo walk between cottages or camp sites in the magnificent mountains. According to the Swedish Right to Access, everyone has the right to walk across another person's land as long as they do...

Food & Drinks in Sweden

Food in Sweden Swedish cuisine is characteristic of the Nordic cuisine, with a focus on meat (particularly pig and game), fish, dairy products, potatoes, and bread, as well as berries and wild mushrooms. Fresh fruits and vegetables have just recently been added to the menu. Husmanskost refers to traditional daily dishes...

Money & Shopping in Sweden

Currency The Swedish krona (SEK, plural kronor) is the national currency, as opposed to other currencies such as the Norwegian or Danish krone. Major credit cards are accepted at automated teller machines. All major credit cards are accepted at the majority of shops, restaurants, and pubs. When using a credit...

Festivals & Holidays in Sweden

In Sweden, public holidays are created by acts of Parliament (the Riksdag). The official holidays are split into two categories: Christian and non-Christian festivals. The Christian festivals are july and august (Christmas, though it has strong roots from the Norse paganism). trettondedag jul (Epiphany), psk (Easter), Kristi himmelsfärds dag...

Traditions & Customs in Sweden

By Germanic standards, most Swedes, like the rest of the Nordic nations, have liberal, cosmopolitan, secular, egalitarian, and ecological ideals. This protects Western visitors from potential cultural conflicts in other nations. Some stringent etiquette standards, on the other hand, are virtually unique to the Swedish people. Though drugs are not...

Internet & Communications in Sweden

The international dialing code for Sweden is +46. Payphones are available (albeit very uncommon), with older versions only taking cards (special smartchip phone cards as well as credit cards) and never accepting coins (Swedish as well as Euros). Collect calls may be made by dialing 2# from a pay...

Language & Phrasebook in Sweden

Swedish (Svenska) is the official language of Sweden, although many Swedes, particularly those born after 1945, also speak English well — an estimated 89 percent of Swedes can communicate in English. While Finnish (the biggest minority language) and the less spoken Sami, Meänkeäli, Yiddish, and Romani languages are legally...

Culture Of Sweden

Sweden is home to several well-known writers, including August Strindberg, Astrid Lindgren, and Nobel Prize winners Selma Lagerlöf and Harry Martinson. Swedes have received seven Nobel Prizes in Literature in total. The country's most well-known artists are painters Carl Larsson and Anders Zorn, as well as sculptors Tobias Sergel...

History Of Sweden

Prehistory Sweden's prehistory starts in the Allerd oscillation, a warm era about 12,000 BC, with Late Palaeolithic Bromme culture reindeer-hunting settlements at the edge of the ice in what is now the country's southernmost region, Scania. Small tribes of hunter-gatherer-fishers used flint technology throughout this time period. Tacitus describes Sweden in...

Stay Safe & Healthy in Sweden

Stay Safe in Sweden In general, Sweden is a safe country to visit. Keep in mind that your own nation is likely to be less safe than Sweden, so follow any cautions you might get in your own country and you will be OK. Drunken brawls on weekend evenings are...

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