Hamburg (Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg) is Germany’s second biggest city and the European Union’s eighth largest. It is the second-smallest German state in terms of land area. It has a population of about 1.7 million people, while the Hamburg Metropolitan Region (which includes portions of the neighboring Federal States of Lower Saxony and Schleswig-Holstein) has a population of more than 5 million. The city is located on the Elbe River.
The formal name reflects its history as a medieval Hanseatic League member, a free imperial city of the Holy Roman Empire, a city-state, and one of Germany’s 16 states. It was a completely independent state prior to Germany’s unification in 1871. Prior to the 1919 constitutional reforms, the civic republic was dominated by a class of hereditary great burghers known as Hanseaten.
Hamburg is a transportation center and Europe’s second biggest port, as well as a wealthy city. It has evolved into a media and industrial hub, including Airbus, Blohm + Voss, and Aurubis factories and facilities. Norddeutscher Rundfunk, as well as publishers such as Gruner + Jahr and Spiegel-Verlag, are foundations of Hamburg’s strong media business. For decades, Hamburg has been an important financial center, and it is home to the world’s second oldest bank, Berenberg Bank.
The city is a popular tourist attraction for both domestic and international tourists; in 2015, it was rated 16th in the world for livability.
In July 2015, UNESCO designated the Speicherstadt and Kontorhausviertel ensemble as a World Heritage Site.