Sarajevo is the capital and biggest city of Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is a bustling city of 430,000 inhabitants hidden in a valley, mostly inside the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina but with sections in the Republika Srpska.
Sarajevo is one of Europe’s most historically intriguing and diverse cities. It is the site of the division of the Western and Eastern Roman Empires, where people from the Roman Catholic west, Eastern Orthodox east, and Ottoman south met, resided, and fought. It has served as both an example of historical volatility and a light of hope for peace and tolerance via multi-cultural integration. The city is traditionally known for its traditional religious variety, with Muslims, Orthodox Christians, Catholics, and Jews coexisting for generations.
Today, the city has recovered physically from the majority of the damage suffered by the Yugoslav Wars of 1992-1995. Sarajevo is a diverse European center with a distinct Eastern flavor that is a joy to visit. The people, whether Bosniaks, Croats, Serbs, or others, are quite friendly. There is minimal crime, and the city is considered one of the safest in South Eastern Europe.
The city, particularly the city center, is quite tourist-friendly.
Sarajevo – Info Card
|TIME ZONE :||CET (UTC+1) Summer: CEST (UTC+2)|
|LANGUAGE :||Serbian, Bosnian, Croatian|
|RELIGION :||Muslims 79%, Orthodox 14%, Roman Catholic 7%|
|AREA :||141.5 km2 (54.3 sq mi)|
|ELEVATION :||13 m (43 ft)|
|COORDINATES :||43°52′N 18°25′E|
|SEX RATIO :||• Male: 48.82%|
• Female: 51.18%
|ETHNIC :||Bosniak 79.6%, Serbs 11.2%, Croats 6.7%, Others 2.5 %|
|AREA CODE :|
|POSTAL CODE :||71000|
|DIALING CODE :||+387 (33)|
|WEBSITE :||Official Website|
Tourism in Sarajevo
Because of the substantial yearly rise in tourist arrivals, Sarajevo has a diverse tourism industry and a rapidly increasing service sector. Sarajevo also benefits from being a summer and winter destination, allowing for year-round tourism.
In 2013, 302.570 visitors visited Sarajevo, an increase of 17.9% over 2012, with 595.637 overnight stays, an increase of 18% over 2012.
Sports tourism makes advantage of the 1984 Winter Olympics’ legacy assets, particularly the skiing facilities in the adjacent slopes of Bjelanica, Igman, Jahorina, Trebevi, and Treskavica. Sarajevo’s 600-year history, inspired by both Western and Eastern empires, making it a tourist destination with a wide range of attractions. Sarajevo has been a popular destination for tourists for centuries, because to its importance as a commerce hub throughout the Ottoman and Austria-Hungarian empires. Popular Sarajevo attractions include the Velo Bosne park, the Sarajevo cathedral, and the Gazi Husrev-Mosque. beg’s Sarajevo tourism is mostly centered on historical, religious, and cultural themes, as well as winter sports.
In Sarajevo in February 2015, gross pay was 1,578 kilometers or 790 €, while net pay was 1,020 km or 521 €. Sarajevo is the wealthiest city in former Yugoslavia, after Ljubljana and Zagreb, and one of the richest cities in the Balkans.
Sarajevo has several parks located across the city and on its outskirts. Street chess is a favorite pastime among Sarajevans, and it is mainly played near Trg osloboenja Alija Izetbegovi. Veliki Park is Sarajevo’s biggest green space in the city center. It is snuggled between Titova, Koevo, Didikovac, Tina Ujevia, and Trampina Streets, and there is a memorial dedicated to the Children of Sarajevo in the bottom half. In the Austro-Hungarian district of Marijin Dvor, the Hastahana skate park is a popular spot to unwind. Goat’s Bridge, also known as Kozija uprija in the Miljacka Canyon, is a popular park attraction along the Dariva walkway and the Miljacka River.
Sarajevo is also known for its spectacular city lookouts, the greatest of which include an observation deck atop Avaz Twist Tower, Park Prineva restaurant, Vidikovac lookout (Mt. Trebevi), Zmajevac viewpoint, Yellow/White castle lookouts (in Vratnik), and countless more rooftops across the city (i.e. Alta Shopping Center, BBI Center, Hotel Hecco Deluxe).
Climate of Sarajevo
Sarajevo’s climate is humid continental. Sarajevo’s climate is influenced by oceanic zones, with four seasons and evenly distributed precipitation. The Adriatic Sea’s closeness moderates Sarajevo’s climate somewhat, while the mountains to the south of the city substantially decrease this coastal impact. The average annual temperature is 10 °C (50 °F), with January being the coldest month (0.5 °C (31.1 °F) avg.) and July being the hottest (19.7 °C (67.5 °F) avg.).
The highest recorded temperature was 40.7 °C (105 °F) on 19 August 1946, while the lowest recorded temperature was 26.2 °C (15.2 °F) on 25 January 1942. Sarajevo has 6 days per year when the temperature surpasses 32 °C (89.6 °F) and 4 days where the temperature goes below 15 °C (5 °F). The city has somewhat overcast sky on average, with an annual cloud cover of 45 percent.
December is the cloudiest month (with a 75% average cloud cover), while August is the cleanest (37 percent ). With an average of 75 days of rainfall, moderate precipitation occurs quite regularly throughout the year. Winter sports have flourished in the area due to favorable weather conditions, as shown by the Winter Olympics in Sarajevo in 1984. The city enjoys 1,769 hours of sunlight and average winds of 28–48 km/h (17–30 mph).
Geography of Sarajevo
Sarajevo lies in the historical area of Bosnia and Herzegovina, in the geometric center of the triangular-shaped Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is located in the Sarajevo valley, in the center of the Dinaric Alps, at 518 meters (1,699 feet) above sea level.
The city is flanked by five large mountains and thickly wooded slopes. Treskavica, at 2,088 meters, is the highest of the neighboring peaks (6,850 ft)
Economy of Sarajevo
Sarajevo is Bosnia and Herzegovina’s economic center, with Sarajevo Canton (which does not contain the whole metropolitan zone) accounting for about 25% of the country’s GDP. Sarajevo’s economy was subjected to restoration and rehabilitation projects after the years of conflict. The Central Bank of Bosnia and Herzegovina opened in Sarajevo in 1997, and the Sarajevo Stock Exchange started trading in 2002. The city’s substantial industrial, administrative, and tourist sectors, along with a big informal market, make it one of Bosnia and Herzegovina’s strongest economic areas.
While Sarajevo had a robust industrial foundation during the communist era, only a few pre-existing enterprises have effectively transitioned to the market economy. Tobacco products, furniture, hosiery, vehicles, and communication equipment are currently among Sarajevo’s industries. B&H Airlines, BH Telecom, Bosnalijek, Energopetrol, Sarajevo Tobacco Factory, and Sarajevska Pivara are all headquartered in Sarajevo (Sarajevo Brewery).
The entire export for the greater Sarajevo area in 2002 was around 259,569,000 KM. This was a 21.9 percent rise over the previous year. The majority of Sarajevo’s exports (28.2 percent) go to Germany, with the United Kingdom coming in second at 16.8 percent and Serbia and Montenegro coming in third at 12.8 percent. Germany imports the most items, accounting for 15.8 percent of total imports. With a total import value of around 1,322,585,000 KM, the total import is almost 5.1 times the entire export.
Harris Communications, Brown & Root, and, most famously, Coca Cola are among the foreign corporations having a presence in the Sarajevo area. Bosmal, a Bosnian-Malaysian corporation, is also located in the city. Clothing and electrical items are their primary exports.
Sarajevo’s GDP per capita was 133 percent of the Yugoslav average in 1981.
Internet, Comunication in Sarajevo
Wi-Fi is commonly available in Sarajevo, however there may be limited alternatives outside of the major tourist destinations.
The country code for dialing Bosnia and Herzegovina is 387. The international dialing code for Bosnia & Herzegovina is 00.