Andorra, commonly known as the Principality of the Valleys of Andorra, is a sovereign landlocked microstate in Southwestern Europe, situated in the eastern Pyrenees mountains and surrounded by Spain and France. The current principality was established in 1278 as a result of a charter granted in 988. It is referred to as a principality since it is a monarchy led by two Co-Princes: the Roman Catholic Bishop of Urgell in Spain and the President of France.
Andorra is Europe’s sixth-smallest country, with an area of 468 km2 (181 sq mi) and a population of about 85,000 people. Its capital, Andorra la Vella, is Europe’s highest capital, standing at 1,023 metres (3,356 feet) above sea level. Catalan is the official language, although Spanish, Portuguese, and French are all widely spoken.
Andorra’s tourist industry serves an estimated 10.2 million visitors each year. Despite the fact that it is not a member of the European Union, the euro is the official currency. Since 1993, it has been a member of the United Nations. According to The Lancet, the inhabitants of Andorra had the greatest life expectancy in the world in 2013, at 81 years.