South Tarawa is the Republic of Kiribati’s capital and center, and it is home to almost half of the country’s entire population.
With a population of 50,182, the South Tarawa population center comprises of all the tiny islands from Betio in the west to Bonriki in the east, which are linked by the South Tarawa main road.
South Tarawa is home to the majority of Kiribati’s government, economic, and educational institutions, as well as the Port and the High Court at Betio.
Tarawa was the location of the Battle of Tarawa, one of the most severe conflicts in WWII’s Pacific Theater. It was originally the capital of the Gilbert and Ellice Islands, a former British territory.