Saturday, September 18, 2021

Indonesia

AsiaIndonesia

Indonesia, formally the Republic of Indonesia (Indonesian: Republik Indonesia [rpublik ndonesia]), is a sovereign transcontinental nation mostly situated in Southeast Asia but also including certain areas in Oceania. It is the world’s biggest island nation, with over thirteen thousand islands, located between the Indian and Pacific seas. It is the world’s fourth most populous country, the most populous Austronesian nation, and the most populous Muslim-majority country, with an estimated population of approximately 260 million people (September 2016). Java, the world’s most populated island, is home to more than half of the country’s inhabitants.

The republican system of government in Indonesia consists of an elected legislature and president. Indonesia is divided into 34 provinces, five of which are classified as Special Administrative Regions. Jakarta is the capital and most populated city. The nation is bounded on the land by Papua New Guinea, East Timor, and the eastern portion of Malaysia. Singapore, the Philippines, Australia, Palau, and the Indian region of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands are also neighbors. Indonesia is a founding member of ASEAN and a G-20 member. Indonesia’s economy ranks 16th in terms of nominal GDP and 8th in terms of PPP GDP.

Since at least the 7th century, when Srivijaya and subsequently Majapahit traded with China and India, the Indonesian archipelago has been a significant trading area. From the early centuries CE, local monarchs increasingly adopted foreign cultural, religious, and political patterns, and Hindu and Buddhist kingdoms thrived. Foreign nations attracted to Indonesia’s natural riches have impacted its history. During the Age of Discovery, Muslim merchants and Sufi thinkers introduced the now-dominant Islam, while European powers brought Christianity and competed for monopoly commerce in the Spice Islands of Maluku. After three and a half centuries of Dutch colonization, beginning in Amboina and Batavia and ultimately encompassing the whole archipelago, including Timor and West Papua, and interrupted at times by Portuguese, French, and British control, Indonesia gained independence after World War II. Since then, Indonesia’s history has been tumultuous, with natural catastrophes, mass murder, corruption, secession, a democratic process, and times of fast economic development posing difficulties.

Indonesia is home to hundreds of unique indigenous ethnic and linguistic groups. The Javanese are the biggest – and politically most powerful – ethnic minority in Indonesia. A common identity has evolved, characterized by a national language, ethnic variety, religious plurality among a majority-Muslim population, and a history of colonization and resistance to it. The national motto of Indonesia, “Bhinneka Tunggal Ika” (“Unity in Variety,” meaning “many, but one”), encapsulates the country’s diversity. Despite its huge population and highly inhabited regions, Indonesia maintains extensive expanses of wildness that sustain the second greatest amount of biodiversity on the planet. The nation is endowed with natural resources like as oil and gas, tin, copper, and gold. Agriculture is primarily responsible for the production of rice, tea, coffee, spices, and rubber. Japan, the United States, and the neighboring nations of Singapore, Malaysia, and Australia are Indonesia’s primary trade partners.

Hidden beach on the island that contains...

Marieta Islands is made from a volcanic activity thousands of years ago, not far from the mexican coast. From the city of Puerto Vallarta is about an hour away by boat. The biggest tourist attraction is the hidden beach that can be reached by swimming through a tunnel long about...

Beaches that disappear

Imagine that your favorite beach until next year will be destroy by erosion, concrete or environmental disaster. Although this is unlikely to happen, there are more beaches that will soon disappear from the face of the earth. Landslides, pollution, sea level rise, excessive construction and exploitation of sand are...

Rhodes – is it the destination for...

Rhodos Island mythologically is born from love of  god of the sun Helios and the sea nymph Rhode and was inhabited since the Neolithic period. Since then it was raided by the Minoans, Mycenaeans, Dorians, Persians, Romans, Ottomans, Italians and Germans, until 1945 when it becames part of the...

Crete Island – “small continent”

Crete island is the largest Greek island and the most southest city of Europe, ideal for adventurer. Known for the Minoan civilization and palace in Knososu. Krit has a large number of resorts and beaches but resorts that tourists choose to holiday greatly determines with what fun they will...

Lido di Jesolo – the city of...

Resort in the Italian province of Veneto is an increasingly popular destination for a vacation But in the past Lido di Jesolo was just passing the city on the way to a small island-beach of Venice. On small island beach came residents of the village Jesolo, which is accommodated between...

The magical beaches of Chalkidiki

Magical places for swimming in the north of Greece, which are the “Caribbean” in Europe. The first finger, Kassandra where stands Ksenija Buzulas beach, and on the second finger of Chalkidiki beach Kavourotripes, Lagonissi and Mirsini on the nearby island Dijaporosa. Kavourotripes This beach is like a postcard located six kilometers...

Travel S Helper

World Travel Guide

Everything you need to know about your next destination. Best things from Alaska till Australia, from the Earth and around it.

Magazin

Enjoying our content?

Subscribe and receive a weekly newsletter packed with awesome stories to inspire you!