San Cristóbal is the capital of the Dominican Republic’s San Cristóbal province.
The city is approximately 26 kilometers (16 miles) from the national capital, and as a result, many people reside there yet work in Santo Domingo.
Many farms have been in the area since colonial times, with sugarcane being the principal crop. Slave labor was used in a number of sugar mills.
However, a Catholic priest, Juan de Jess Fabian Ayala y Garca, created the town in the early years of the 18th century.
The Haitian government designated the town as a municipality in 1822. The city was constituted a municipality of the former Santo Domingo province in 1844, after Dominican independence from Haiti.
At 1844, the Dominican Republic’s first constitution was drafted in San Cristóbal.
San Cristóbal was named the head municipality of the new Trujillo Province in 1932, and it was given the name Trujillo after the dictator Rafael Trujillo, who was born in the city. The province was given the name of the principal city after Trujillo’s death: San Cristóbal.
In 2010, the municipality had a total population of 216,875 people, with 106,855 males and 110,020 women. The urban population accounted for 63.8 percent of the total.
San Cristóbal is located in a narrow valley surrounded by minor hills, with the exception of the Nigua River. Nigua is the region’s most significant river; Yubazo or Blanco, a tributary of Nigua, is another.
San Cristóbal has a total area of 153.6 km2 (59 sq mi) (excluding its municipal district), accounting for around 12.4 percent of the province’s total area. The city is 33 meters (108 feet) above sea level and located 26 kilometers (16 miles) west of Santo Domingo. Hato Damas is the sole municipal district (subdivision of a municipality).
San Cristóbal is bordered on the north by the municipality of Villa Altagracia, on the east by the province of Santo Domingo and the municipality of Bajos de Haina, on the south by the municipality of San Gregorio de Nigua and the Caribbean Sea, and on the west by the municipality of Yaguate.
There is no cold season in San Cristóbal, which has a tropical monsoonal climate (Köppen-Geiger classification: Am) with a dry season and a strong monsoon the rest of the year.
The city receives 1,599.4 mm of rainfall on average per year (63.0 in). May has the highest precipitation on average, with 218.1 millimetres (8.6 in), followed by June with 214.8 mm (8.6 in) (8.5 in).
Winter is the driest season. The month with the least rainfall on average is February, with 51.1 mm (2.0 in), while the month with the most rainfall is March, with 52.9 mm (2.0 in) (2.1 in).
San Cristóbal is located in a hot climate, with an annual average temperature of 26 °C (78.8 °F). July is the hottest month, with an average temperature of 27.4 °C (81.3 °F). January is the coldest month, with an average temperature of 24.3 °C (75.7 °F).