Tuesday, January 25, 2022
Manchester Travel Guide - Travel S Helper

Manchester

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Manchester, England’s largest city and metropolitan borough, with a population of 514,417 people as of 2013. It is part of the UK’s second-largest urban region, having a population of 2.55 million people. Manchester is bounded on the south by the Cheshire Plain, on the north and east by the Pennines, and on the west by an arc of settlements that create a continuous conurbation. Manchester City Council is the local government.

Manchester’s documented history begins with the civilian colony linked with the Roman fort of Mancunium, which was built on a sandstone bluff at the junction of the rivers Medlock and Irwell in about 79 AD. Although sections of Cheshire south of the Mersey River were integrated throughout the twentieth century, it was originally a part of Lancashire. Manchester remained a manorialtownship during the Middle Ages, but towards the beginning of the nineteenth century, it started to grow “at an amazing pace.” Manchester’s unplanned urbanization was fueled by a surge in textile manufacturing during the Industrial Revolution, making it the world’s first industrialized metropolis.

Manchester was designated as a city in 1853. In 1894, the Manchester Ship Canal was completed, forming the Port of Manchester and connecting the city to the sea 36 miles (58 kilometers) to the west. Its fortunes plummeted after WWII as a result of deindustrialisation. The city center was bombed in 1996, but it resulted in significant investment and rehabilitation, which has subsequently helped it become a thriving’reborn’ contemporary metropolis.

Manchester was named a beta global city by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network in 2014, making it the highest-ranked British city outside of London. Manchester is the UK’s third most visited city. It is known for its architecture, culture, musical exports, media linkages, scientific and engineering production, social effect, sports clubs, and transportation connections, among other things. Manchester Liverpool Road train station was the world’s first inter-city passenger railway station, and it was in Manchester that scientists split the atom and created the stored-program computer.

Manchester – Info Card

POPULATION :• City 520,215
• Urban 2,553,379
• Metro 2,794,000
FOUNDED : Founded 1st century
Town charter 1301
City status 1853
TIME ZONE :• Time zone Greenwich Mean Time (UTC+0)
• Summer (DST) British Summer Time (UTC+1)
LANGUAGE : English
RELIGION :Christian (48.7%)
No Religion (25.3%)
Muslim (15.8%)
Hindu (1.1%)
Buddhist (0.8%)
Jewish (0.5%)
Other (0.9%)
Religion Not Stated (6.9%)
AREA :• City 44.6 sq mi (115.6 km2)
• Urban 243.4 sq mi (630.3 km2)
ELEVATION : 125 ft (38 m)
COORDINATES : 53°28′N 2°14′W
SEX RATIO : Male: 49.3%
 Female: 50.7%
ETHNIC :White groups (66.7% )
Asian (14.4%)
Black (8.6%)
Mixed (4.7%)
Chinese (2.7%)
Arab (1.9%)
Other (1.2%)
AREA CODE : 161
POSTAL CODE :M
WA
DIALING CODE : +44 161
WEBSITE :  www.manchester.gov.uk

Tourism in Manchester

Manchester, in the heart of North West England, is a lively, post-industrial treasure. The city dubbed ‘Cottonopolis’ (after its most famous product) has hung up its clogs and, owing to a series of reconstruction initiatives, is now a significant center for culture and trade; many see it as the ‘capital’ of the north of England and the UK’s’second city.’

Manchester, home to the world’s oldest surviving passenger train station and possibly the cradle of socialism and the industrial revolution, continues to be at the forefront of British culture and technology, with its own unique energy and attitude. The city’s two world-famous football clubs and large student population add to the city’s vibrant spirit; while the mills have been replaced with Michelin stars and the warehouses with world-class shopping and museums, this is still a city proud of its industrial past as well as its influences on music and sport.

Manchester, which is smaller than London and several other cities, has the ‘buzz’ of a big metropolis without the overpowering size of the capital. Greater Manchester, located outside of the ‘main’ city, is home to 2.6 million people, as well as distinctive retail attractions, urban havens, and stunning countryside. Manchester Airport, one of the best-run international airports in the UK and the busiest British airport outside of South East England, is also located in the area.

Manchester has been described as “the belly and guts of the Nation” by George Orwell, “a synonym for vitality and independence” by Edward Abbott Parry, but Ian Brown, lead singer of The Stone Roses, probably best summed up the Mancunian mentality when he remarked, “Manchester’s got everything but a beach.” The sand is probably definitely already on its way.

Manchester used to have a bad image because of its industrial heritage. Things have changed considerably in the previous decade, and the city now has a bustling, energetic atmosphere. Manchester is well worth a visit, even if only for a couple of days, or longer if you plan to use it as a base to explore northern England and North Wales. Investment in the city’s regeneration following the 1996 IRA bomb and the 2002 Commonwealth Games has paid off, and Manchester is well worth a visit, even if only for a couple of days, or longer if you plan to use it as a base to explore northern England and North Wales.

The city is situated in England’s North West, almost halfway between Liverpool and Leeds. Despite its reputation for being a wet city, Manchester’s rainfall and number of rainy days are actually lower than the UK average.

Manchester is increasingly becoming a place where people want to live. Many people consider it to be a youthful, energetic, and cutting-edge city where there is always something going on. Many people consider their city as a competitor to London, although on a smaller scale; forget about the continuing rivalry with Birmingham for the title of “Second City.” This rivalry seems to go on forever, and it all comes down to how you tally up the statistics, at least in terms of population size. When the population of Greater Manchester is compared to that of Birmingham and its surrounding towns and regions, Birmingham comes out on top by around 100,000 people. However, the real population of Birmingham, which is more than 1 million people, is more than twice as large as the actual population of Manchester, which is roughly 450,000 people. However, the city claims that population is just one factor to consider, and that history and contributions to the globe should also be taken into account. The “Manchester brand” is seen to spread well beyond the city limits (to include all of neighboring Salford & Trafford, as well as areas in other boroughs) and even beyond the Greater Manchester bounds. This helps to show the region’s overall impact.

Many people have relocated to Manchester from London throughout the years. By no means are all of these folks returning to their northern origins. Some are visitors from other countries who stopped here on their way north in pursuit of a more economical metropolitan lifestyle. Manchester is also a welcoming city. Northerners converse with one another and outsiders. If you compare asking for directions in London with Manchester, you’ll notice a significant difference. Locals seem to be more proud than ever of Manchester and everything it has to offer recently. Some may consider this passionate pride in their city “un-British,” although it is quite comparable to Australians’ pride in their homeland. Positive words and compliments are always well received by the residents, and given all that has transpired in recent years, it is understandable.

Mancunian, or simply Manc, is an adjective connected with Manchester. The natives’ peculiar linguistic accent is much more closely akin to that of Liverpool, which has significant north-Waleian (Welsh) origins, than to the Lancastrian or Cestrian of the neighboring cotton towns.

SHOPPING

The bulk of city centre stores are within acceptable walking distance (15 minutes at most) of each other, and most are accessible by a metroshuttle service. Manchester’s retail sector is one of the most diversified shopping districts in the UK. Even in the most upscale businesses, you will be greeted with courtesy, something many believe is lacking in the capital. The Arndale Centre, which was recently refurbished, is a major 1970s city-centre shopping area with 280 shops spread over well under 185 000 m2 of retail space, making it Europe’s biggest city-mall shopping centre, featuring the world’s largest Next store. Parts of the 1970s concrete charms remain, as do some of the famed yellow tiles that are a tribute to terrible urban planning at the time. It is linked to the Marks & Spencer and Selfridges department shops in Exchange Square through a link bridge. The outside needs to be updated, although the area that was modernized following the 1996 bomb is a huge improvement, however distinct from that of The Trafford Centre, with a more contemporary basic vibe compared to the Trafford Centre’s majestic façade. The inside has been completely redone. It becomes quite packed on weekends, and there are much too few places to sit, unlike The Trafford Centre. If you need to sit down, there are a few seats on the lower level near the market’s stairway.

There are many major businesses geared at bargain seekers, including the country’s largest Primark, which is wonderful for a deal and popular with US cabin crew when they visit, and an Aldi food hall on Market Street (just off Piccadilly Gardens).

CULTURAL MANCHESTER

Manchester boasts a plethora of theatres and performance venues (The Opera House, Palace Theatre, Royal Exchange, Green Room, Dancehouse Theatre, Library Theatre, and The Contact, not forgetting The Lowry at The Quays, which has three theatre spaces). The Bolton Octagon, Bury Met, Oldham Coliseum, and the magnificently preserved 1930’s Stockport Plaza, which has a lovely 1930’s tearoom overlooking Mersey Square, are all worth seeing. The Plaza organizes cinema screenings, theater plays, and Christmas pantomimes, which are growing more popular. The Garrick Theatre in Stockport and The Gracie Fields Theatre in Rochdale, as well as university and RNCM (Royal Northern College of Music) venues, are also worth mentioning.

The MEN Arena, Europe’s biggest of its type and widely regarded as one of the top such venues in the world, is where you can watch Madonna and Kylie. The Apollo, Bridgewater Hall, and the remodeled Manchester Central are all examples of such venues.

Climate of Manchester

Manchester has a mild maritime climate with little extremes in temperature. The city gets less rain than the rest of the UK. It is not far behind London in terms of average amount of hours of sunshine per day (based on data from the Met Office for the past 100 years), albeit it does have a few more rainy days. However, owing to the comparatively moderate winter climate, there is seldom a time when one should avoid traveling due to inclement weather.

When the weather is nice in the spring and summer, it puts up a wonderful show, as does every city. There is a lot of drinking and eating done outside. It does have its fair share of dreary, dark days, which might somehow add to the visitor’s appeal.

Geography of Manchester

Manchester is 160 miles (260 kilometers) northwest of London, at 53°28′0′′N 2°14′0′′W. It is located in a bowl-shaped land region that is flanked to the north and east by the Pennines, a mountain group that covers the length of northern England, and to the south by the Cheshire Plain. Manchester is located 35.0 miles (56.3 kilometers) north-east of Liverpool and 35.0 miles (56.3 kilometers) north-west of Sheffield, making it the city’s midpoint. The city center is located on the east bank of the River Irwell, at its confluences with the Rivers Medlock and Irk, and is generally low-lying, with elevations ranging from 35 to 42 meters (115 to 138 feet). The Mersey River runs through Manchester’s south end. Much of the inner city, particularly in the south, is flat, providing expansive views of the Pennine foothills and moors from many highrise buildings in the city, which are often topped with snow during the winter months. Manchester’s location had a significant impact on its early growth as the world’s first industrial metropolis. The climate, its closeness to a seaport at Liverpool, the availability of water power from its rivers, and its neighboring coal deposits are among these characteristics.

The term Manchester has been given to other, larger geographical divisions, notably spanning most of Greater Manchester’s county and urban region, despite the fact that it is legally only allocated to the metropolitan district within Greater Manchester. This may be seen in the “Manchester City Zone,” “Manchester Post Town,” and the “Manchester Congestion Charge.”

Manchester is the most populated settlement within the Greater Manchester Urban Area, the United Kingdom’s third-largest conurbation, according to the Office for National Statistics. Manchester is made up of a combination of high-density urban and suburban areas. Heaton Park, with roughly 260 hectares (642 acres), is the city’s biggest open area. Except for a tiny portion along its southern border with Cheshire, Manchester is surrounded on all sides by many significant communities. The M60 and M56 motorways go through Northenden and Wythenshawe, respectively, in Manchester’s south. Heavy train lines access the city from all sides, with Manchester Piccadilly station serving as the primary destination.

Economy of Manchester

The Office for National Statistics does not generate economic statistics for the City of Manchester alone, but rather for a region called Greater Manchester South, which has a GVA of £34.8 billion and includes four additional metropolitan boroughs: Salford, Stockport, Tameside, and Trafford. Between 2002 and 2012, the economy expanded at a rate that was 2.3 percent higher than the national average. The broader metropolitan economy is the third-largest in the United Kingdom, with a GDP of $88.3 billion (2012 est., PPP). The Globalization and Global Cities Research Network has classified it as a beta world city.

According to the latest numbers, Manchester compares well to other regions as the UK economy continues to recover from the slump suffered in 2008–10. It had the largest yearly increase in company stock (5%) of all the Core Cities in 2012. The city had the biggest rise in the number of business deaths of all the Core Cities, however this was countered by substantial growth in new firms, resulting in good net growth.

Manchester’s political leadership is known for their financial savvy. It controls two of the country’s four major airports and invests in local initiatives with the proceeds. Meanwhile, according to KPMG’s competitive alternative report, Manchester had the 9th lowest tax cost of any industrialised city in the world in 2012, and Manchester received fiscal devolution earlier than any other British city: it can keep half of the extra taxes it receives from transportation investment.

Manchester was also named Europe’s most inexpensive city in KPMG’s competitive alternative study, rating slightly higher than Dutch cities Rotterdam and Amsterdam, which both have a cost of living index of less than 95.

Manchester is a city of contrasts, with some of the poorest and wealthiest neighborhoods in the nation. Manchester is the fourth most disadvantaged local borough in England, according to the 2010 Indices of Multiple Deprivation. During the 2012–13 fiscal year, unemployment averaged 11.9 percent, which was higher than the national average but lower than that of several of the country’s other similar metropolitan cities. On the other hand, Greater Manchester has the highest concentration of multi-millionaires outside of London, with the City of Manchester accounting for the majority of the total. According to a ranking of the UK’s 12 major cities, Manchester was placed 6th in terms of quality of life in 2013.

In terms of equal pay for men and women, Manchester does better than the rest of the nation. The gender wage difference per hour worked is 3.3 percent, compared to 11.1 percent in the United Kingdom. Although schools underperform significantly when compared to the national average, 37 percent of the working-age population in Manchester has a bachelor’s degree, compared to 33 percent in other Core Cities.

According to GVA Grimley, Manchester has the largest UK office market outside of London, with a quarterly office uptake of approximately 250,000 square feet (averaged over 2010–14), which is equivalent to the quarterly office uptake of Leeds, Liverpool, and Newcastle combined, and 90,000 square feet more than the nearest rival Birmingham. The strong office market in Manchester has been linked in part to ‘Northshoring,’ which comprises the relocation or alternative creation of employment away from the overheated South to locations where office space is potentially cheaper and the manpower market is presumably less crowded.

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