Saturday, December 4, 2021

Brazil

Brazil, formally the Federative Republic of Brazil, is South America’s and Latin America’s biggest nation. As the world’s fifth-biggest nation in terms of both territory and population, it is also the largest country with Portuguese as an official language, and the only one in the Americas. Brazil, which is bounded on the east by the Atlantic Ocean, has a 7,491-kilometer-long coastline (4,655 mi). It has a land border with every other South American country except Ecuador and Chile and accounts for 47.3 percent of the continent’s land area. Its Amazon River basin is covered by a huge tropical forest that is home to a diversity of species, biological systems, and abundant natural resources spread over many protected areas. Brazil is one of 17 megadiverse nations as a result of this unique natural legacy, and is the topic of much worldwide attention and discussion over deforestation and environmental preservation.

Brazil was inhabited by many indigenous tribes prior to explorer Pedro lvares Cabral’s arrival in 1500, when he claimed the region for the Portuguese Empire. Brazil was a colony of Portugal until 1808, when the empire’s capital was relocated from Lisbon to Rio de Janeiro. The colony was raised to kingdom status in 1815 as part of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil, and the Algarves. In 1822, the Empire of Brazil was established as a unified state ruled by a constitutional monarchy and a parliamentary system. The first constitution, ratified in 1824, resulted in the establishment of a bicameral legislature, currently known as the National Congress. In 1889, after a military coup, the nation became a presidential republic. In 1964, an authoritarian military junta took control and governed until 1985, when civilian government restored. Brazil is a democratic federal republic, as defined by the country’s current constitution, which was drafted in 1988. The federation is made up of the Federal District of Columbia, 26 states, and 5,570 municipalities.

As of 2015, Brazil’s economy was the ninth biggest in the world in terms of nominal GDP and the seventh largest in terms of GDP (PPP). Brazil, a BRICS member, was one of the world’s fastest growing major economies until 2010, thanks to economic reforms that earned the country unprecedented worldwide reputation and influence. Brazil’s development bank is critical to the country’s economic progress. Brazil founded the United Nations, the G20, the BRICS, Unasul, Mercosul, the Organization of American States, the Organization of Ibero-American States, the CPLP, and the Latin Union. Brazil is a regional power in Latin America and a medium power in international politics, with some experts predicting that it could emerge as a global power in the near future. Brazil, one of the world’s main breadbaskets, has been the world’s biggest coffee grower for the past 150 years.

Brazil | Introduction

Brazil, officially the Federative Republic of Brazil, is the largest country in South America and Latin America. It is the fifth largest country in the world by area and population, the largest country to have Portuguese as its official language and the only one in the Americas. Bordered on...

How To Travel To Brazil

By air The cheapest airfares are from February (after Carnival) to May and from August to November. Tickets from New York, for example, can cost as little as US$699 including taxes. Many underbooked flights within Brazil are available at low prices. São Paulo-Guarulhos International Airport (IATA: GRU) is by far the...

How To Travel Around Brazil

By air Brazilian Air PassportIf you are planning to visit different cities in Brazil, consider buying a Brazil Air Pass offered by TAM or Gol - you buy between 4 and 9 tickets that can be used at any time to any destination in Brazil served by the airline. The...

Destinations in Brazil

Regions Brazil is the fifth largest country in the world. It is divided into five regions, which are mainly oriented towards state borders, but also more or less follow natural, economic and cultural boundaries. North (Acre, Amapá, Amazonas, Pará, Rondônia, Roraima, Tocantins).The Amazon, the rainforest and border life, with a notable...

Weather & Climate in Brazil

Brazil's climate encompasses a wide range of weather conditions over a vast area and varied topography, but most of the country is tropical. According to the Köppen system, Brazil has five main climate subtypes: equatorial, tropical, semi-arid, mountain tropical, temperate and subtropical. The different climatic conditions give rise to...

Visa & Passport Requirements for Brazil

Brazil has a reciprocal visa policy with all countries, which means that where visa fees and restrictions are applied to Brazilians visiting a country, Brazil applies the same measures to visitors from that country. Citizens of Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay and Venezuela can enter the country...

Accommodation & Hotels in Brazil

The high season in Brazil follows the school holiday calendar, with December and January (summer) being the busiest months. New Year's Eve, Carnival (which can be moved between February and March, see understanding above) and Holy Week are the peak periods and prices can soar, especially in coastal cities...

Things To See in Brazil

A natural wonder Amazon Rainforest - The Amazon basin is home to more than half of the world's remaining rainforest, and more than 60 per cent of it is in northern Brazil - about one billion hectares of incredible biodiversity. The region is home to some 2.5 million species of...

Things To Do in Brazil

Carnival The world's biggest festival takes place every year throughout the country and lasts for almost a week in February or early March. It is celebrated in a variety of ways, from the giant Boneco masks in Olinda and the Trios Elétricos in Salvador to the huge samba parades in...

Food & Drinks in Brazil

Food in Brazil Brazilian cuisine is as diverse as its geography and culture. On the other hand, some may find it a half-baked concoction, and everyday dishes can be bland and monotonous. Although there are some fairly unique dishes of regional origin, many dishes have been brought by immigrants from...

Money & Shopping in Brazil

Currency The Brazilian unit of currency is the real (pronounced "hay-AHL"), plural reais ("hay-ICE"), abbreviated BRL, or simply R$. One real is divided into 100 centavos. To illustrate how prices are written, R$1.50 means one real and fifty centavos. Foreign currency such as US dollars or euros can be exchanged at...

Festivals & Holidays in Brazil

Brazil has the following 13 public holidays: New Year - 1 January Carnival - February/March (moveable - 7 weeks before Easter. Monday and Tuesday are the actual public holidays, but the festivities usually start on Saturday and last until Ash Wednesday at noon, when shops and services reopen). Holy Week - March/April...

Traditions & Customs in Brazil

Brazilians tend to be very open and talk freely about their problems, including political and other issues. They also use a lot of self-deprecating humour. This allows you to make jokes about Brazil's problems when they talk about these topics, in a playful way. When you point out something...

Internet & Communications in Brazil

By telephone Brazil has an international telephone code of 55 and two-digit area codes, and telephone numbers are eight or nine digits long. Some regions used seven digits until 2006, which means you can still find old phone numbers that don't work unless you add another digit. (Most of the...

Language & Phrasebook in Brazil

The official language of Brazil is Portuguese, which is spoken by the entire population (with the exception of some very remote tribes). In fact, Brazil has been home to immigrants from all parts of the world for centuries, whose descendants now speak Portuguese as their mother tongue. Brazilian Portuguese has...

Culture Of Brazil

Because of Brazil's continental dimensions, its diverse geography, history and population, the country's culture is rich and varied. It has several regional variations, and despite being mostly united by one language, some regions are so different that they look like different countries. Music plays an important role in the Brazilian...

History Of Brazil

Before Christopher Columbus arrived in the Americas, the region now known as Brazil was home to people belonging mainly to the Tupi and Guarani ethnic groups. Colonisation by the Portuguese began in the late 16th century with the extraction of the valuable wood of the Pau Brasil tree, from...

Stay Safe & Healthy in Brazil

Stay Safe in Brazil The law requires everyone to carry a piece of photo identification with them at all times. For a foreigner, this is your passport. However, the police will usually be pragmatic and accept a laminated colour photocopy. Crime Even the most patriotic Brazilian would say that the country's biggest...

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