San Salvador is El Salvador’s capital and the seat of the San Salvador department.
It is the most populous municipality in the nation, as well as the country’s most significant political, cultural, educational, and financial hub.
Original Spanish colonial era architecture are essentially non-existent in the city due to seismic devastation; instead, Gothic and Modernist-style churches have taken their place. Architecturally, notable buildings in San Salvador exhibit unique Modern, Googie, and Populuxe elements, comparable to those in Los Angeles, a city on which San Salvador is inspired.
San Salvador, being a large global metropolis, is also a major financial center hub in Central America. The city is home to the Concejo de Ministros de El Salvador (El Salvador’s Council of Ministries), La Asamblea Legislativa (El Salvador’s Legislative Assembly), the Corte Suprema de Justicia (El Salvador’s Supreme Court), and other governmental institutions, as well as the president of the Republic’s official residence.
San Salvador is located at the foot of the San Salvador volcano, in the “Valle de las Hamacas” (meaning “Valley of the Hammocks,” as it was dubbed by the Pipil because to its severe seismic activity). It has a population of over 2 million people and encompasses 600 square kilometers.
One-third of El Salvador’s population and half of the country’s wealth are concentrated here.
San Salvador – Info Card
|POPULATION :||City: 567,698 / Metro: 2,442,017|
|TIME ZONE :||Central Standard Time (UTC-6)|
|RELIGION :||Roman Catholic 57.1%, Protestant 21.2%, Jehovah’s Witnesses 1.9%, Mormon 0.7%, other religions 2.3%, none 16.8%|
|AREA :||72.25 km2 (27.9 sq mi)|
|ELEVATION :||658 m (2,159 ft)|
|COORDINATES :||13°41′24″N 89°11′24″W|
|SEX RATIO :||• Male: 47.40%
• Female: 52.60%
|ETHNIC :||mestizo 86%, white 12%, other 2%|
|AREA CODE :|
|POSTAL CODE :|
|DIALING CODE :||+503|
Tourism in San Salvador
San Salvador is located at the foot of the San Salvador volcano, in the “Valle de las Hamacas” (meaning “Valley of the Hammocks,” as it was dubbed by the Pipil because to its severe seismic activity).
It has a population of over 2 million people and encompasses 600 square kilometers. One-third of El Salvador’s population and half of the country’s wealth are concentrated here. The downtown area is bustling with stores and contemporary structures, although many of the city’s old structures have been damaged or destroyed by earthquakes.
People in San Salvador are typically pleasant, however, like in any major city, strangers on the street are less likely to engage in conversation than in other regions of the nation. The rich reside in gated communities or high-rise condominium towers in private suburbs. Tree-lined avenues, the largest malls in Central America, bars, clubs, gyms, restaurants, luxury hotels, modern high-rise buildings, plazas, boutiques, cafes, luxury salons, jewelry stores, and other amenities can be found in wealthier areas such as San Benito, Colonia Escalon, Colonia San Francisco, Colonia Maquilishuat, Santa Elena (where the US embassy is located), and Ciudad Merliot. Some of these areas are nestled on the city’s outskirts and provide spectacular vistas. Middle-class families are flocking to a variety of new gated communities with parks, swimming pools, fitness centers, and tight security. These suburbs are home to the majority of the city’s hotels.
There are middle-class communities as well as residential quarters near rich districts. Poorer regions, as well as a slew of shanty settlements strewn throughout the city’s outskirts, may be found in the northern and eastern districts.
San Salvador has a tropical climate, while the weather may be fickle; evenings can be chilly (particularly in December), but the majority of the year is bright and pleasant. T-shirts, pants, and maybe a light rain jacket are generally enough.
While not on most visitors’ “must do” lists in El Salvador, the city serves as a transportation hub for the rest of the nation, with most main routes passing through it owing to its central position. Experiencing this cosmopolitan and globally aware city for a few days may be a wonderful experience. While certain areas of the city may seem to be a labyrinth of confusion, with affluent vs poor, contemporary vs dilapidated, and automobiles vs pedestrians, the city has played a significant role in defining and influencing the remainder of this tiny but fascinating nation, which was once at the forefront of the Cold War. To comprehend this split nation, one must first comprehend its political, cultural, and social centers.
Geography of San Salvador
The city is situated in the Boquerón Volcano Valley, a seismically active area. The city’s average elevation is 659 meters (2,162 feet) above sea level, with a maximum of 1,186 meters (3,891 feet) and a minimum of 596 meters (1,955 feet) above sea level.
The municipality is flanked on three sides by natural elements of the landscape: the Cordillera del Balsamo (Balsam Mountain Range) on the south, the Boquerón Volcano on the west, and Cerro El Picacho, the municipality’s highest point at 1,929 meters on the north (6,329 ft). El Boquerón Volcano has been active lately after being inactive since its last eruption in 1917.
The San Jacinto Hill and the caldera of Lake Ilopango, the country’s biggest natural body of water with a surface area of 72 square kilometers, are located east of the municipality (28 square miles). The caldera has not erupted since 1880, despite being seismically active.
Economy of San Salvador
San Salvador is not only El Salvador’s capital, but it also has a disproportionate amount of the country’s economic activity concentrated in it. Despite the fact that the urban region accounts for just 3% of the national land, it receives 70% of governmental and private investment. San Salvador’s, Antiguo Cuscatlán’s, and Santa Tecla’s economies are mixed, with services, private education, banking, corporate headquarters, and industrial production dominating.
Since 2001, San Salvador has utilized the US dollar as its official currency, as has the rest of the nation. This has been beneficial to the Salvadoran economy since it encourages international investors to establish new businesses in El Salvador without having to convert their funds to other currencies. San Salvador’s economy is mostly service and retail-based, rather than industrial or manufacturing-based.
San Salvador, being the country’s capital, supports a wide range of commercial operations, including food and beverage production, pharmaceutical and chemical manufacturing, vehicle, handicraft, and building material sales, and appliance repair. San Salvador is the headquarters of Grupo TACA, a global consortium that comprises national airlines from El Salvador, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, and other Central American nations. Unicomer Group, Almacenes Simán, Grupo Roble, Grupo Real, Excel Automotrz, and Grupo Q are some of the other enterprises having headquarters in San Salvador. Many worldwide firms maintain regional offices in San Salvador, including Dell, Microsoft, Continental Airlines, Hewlett-Packard, and others. Banco Agrcola, Citibank, HSBC, Scotiabank, BAC-Credomatic, Banco Promérica, Banco Pro-Credit, and the Mexican Banco Azteca are among the county’s banks.