Saturday, October 16, 2021

El Salvador

North AmericaEl Salvador

El Salvador, formally the Republic of El Salvador (Spanish: Repblica de El Salvador, meaning “Republic of the Savior”), is Central America’s smallest and most populous nation. San Salvador is El Salvador’s capital and biggest city. As of 2015, the nation was home to about 6.38 million people, the majority of whom are Mestizos of European and Indigenous American ancestry.

For millennia, El Salvador was inhabited by a variety of Mesoamerican peoples, most notably the Cuzcatlecs, as well as the Lenca and Maya. The Spanish Empire acquired the area in the early 16th century, integrating it into the Viceroyalty of New Spain, which was headquartered in Mexico City. In 1821, as part of the First Mexican Empire, the nation gained independence from Spain, only to secede again in 1823 as part of the Federal Republic of Central America. El Salvador became independent in 1841, after the collapse of the republic, until establishing a brief union with Honduras and Nicaragua known as the Greater Republic of Central America, which lasted from 1895 to 1898.

El Salvador experienced chronic political and economic instability from the late nineteenth to the mid-twentieth centuries, marked by coups, revolts, and a series of authoritarian regimes. Persistent socioeconomic disparity and political discontent culminated in the Salvadoran Civil War (1979–1992), which pitted the military-led government against a coalition of leftist guerrilla organizations. The dispute was resolved via a negotiated solution that created a multiparty constitutional republic that still exists today.

El Salvador’s economy has traditionally been dominated by agriculture, starting with the indigo plant (ail in Spanish), which was the most significant crop during the colonial era, and then by coffee, which accounted for 90 percent of export profits by the early twentieth century. El Salvador has subsequently decreased its reliance on coffee and begun diversifying its economy via the establishment of trade and financial connections and the expansion of the industrial sector. The colón, El Salvador’s national currency from 1892, was replaced in 2001 by the US dollar.

As of 2010, El Salvador was ranked 12th in Latin America and fourth in Central America on the Human Development Index (after Panama, Costa Rica, and Belize), owing in part to the country’s continuing fast industrialisation. The nation, however, continues to face high rates of poverty, inequality, and violence.

El Salvador | Introduction

El Salvador, officially the Republic of El Salvador (Spanish: República de El Salvador, literally "Republic of the Saviour"), is the smallest and most densely populated country in Central America. The capital and largest city of El Salvador is San Salvador. In 2015, the population of the country was about...

How To Travel To El Salvador

By air Visitors arriving by plane usually land at El Salvador's international airport in Comalapa (IATA: SAL), which is 50 km or a 45-minute drive south of the capital. Avianca is the national airline of El Salvador. Taca officially merged with Avianca Holdings in May 2013 and uses the Avianca brand...

How To Travel Around El Salvador

If you are travelling by car, there are car rental companies such as Alamo and Hertz. Buses and taxis are also a good way to get around. The distances between tourist attractions make walking an unpopular option, as does the layout of the city's streets; San Salvador is not...

Visa & Passport Requirements for El Salvador

Immigration authorities require visitors to carry their passport and one of the following documents when entering El Salvador: a visa or tourist card. Visas are issued by the consulate of El Salvador, which is accredited in countries where there are such diplomatic missions. The tourist card is usually issued...

Destinations in El Salvador

Cities in El Salvador San Salvador - national capital; department of San Salvador Acajutla La Libertad Puerto Cutuco (La Union) San Francisco Gotera, Morazán Department Santa Ana San Miguel, Department of San Miguel Santa Tecla Suchitoto Other destinations in El Salvador El Pital (the highest mountain in El Salvador) and its rural life. Parque Nacional Cerro Verde (also known as Parque...

Things To See in El Salvador

El Salvador's landscape is breathtaking, with volcanoes and mountains offering "green" adventurers just what they are looking for. Many environmentally-oriented community organizations promote ecotourism, and a number of beautiful and secluded beaches and forests are scattered throughout the country. A well-maintained and almost deserted national park lies to the west,...

Things To Do in El Salvador

El Salvador has a reputation for having some of the best surfers in the world. Tourists from all over Central America are discovering the surf hotspots of La Libertad (near San Salvador), El Sunzal, El Zonte and El Cuco (near San Miguel), making El Salvador the fastest growing...

Food & Drinks in El Salvador

Food in El Salvador The restaurant scene in El Salvador is influenced by many different cultures. You can choose from Italian, Korean, Japanese, French, Chilean, American, Peruvian, Mexican, Spanish, Middle Eastern, German, Chinese, Argentinian and more. American fast food chains such as Burger King, McDonald's, Wendy's, KFC, Subway, Quiznos, Pizza...

Money & Shopping in El Salvador

The official currency of El Salvador is the US dollar (since 2001). Carry only 1, 5, 10 or 20 dollar notes. Most shops, supermarkets and department stores do not accept $50 or $100 notes. If you need to change your notes into smaller denominations, you can go to any...

Festivals & Holidays in El Salvador

DateNameCommentsMarch/AprilEasterCelebrated by the large Catholic population in carnival-like events in various cities.1 MayLabour DayInternational Labour Day10 MayMother's DayFrom 1 to 7 AugustAugust CarnivalA week-long festival in honour of El Salvador del Mundo, the patron saint of El Salvador.September 15Independence DayCelebration of independence from Spain, achieved in 1821.12 OctoberColumbus DayThis...

Culture Of El Salvador

The mestizo culture dominates the country, shaped by the influences of indigenous North Americans and Spaniards from Europe. Intermarriage between the indigenous Mesoamerican population of Cuzcatlan and European settlers created a new mixed population. The Catholic Church plays an important role in Salvadoran culture. Archbishop Óscar Romero is a...

History Of El Salvador

From the pre-Columbian period to the beginning of independence El Salvador's civilisation dates back to pre-Columbian times, around 1500 BC, as evidenced by the ancient structures of Tazumal in Chalchuapa. The Spanish admiral Andrés Niño led an expedition to Central America and landed on the island of Meanguera, located in the...

Stay Safe & Healthy in El Salvador

Stay Safe in El Salvador El Salvador has a bad reputation because of the civil war in the 1980s. According to the U.S. State Department, El Salvador has one of the highest murder rates in the world. Crime is a problem largely attributed to street gangs, although statistics from official...

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