Bursa is a prominent Turkish city in northern Anatolia, in the Marmara Region. It is Turkey’s fourth most populated city and one among the country’s most industrialized metropolitan areas. Bursa Province’s administrative center is also located in the city.
Between 1335 to 1363, Bursa was the Ottoman State’s first major and second overall capital. During the Ottoman period, the city was known as Hüdavendigar (meaning “God’s gift”), while a more recent nickname is Yeşil Bursa (meaning “Green Bursa”) in reference to the parks and gardens located throughout its urban fabric, as well as the vast and richly varied forests of the surrounding region. Mount Uludağ, a ski resort, towering above it. The Romans who resided there earlier dubbed the peak Mysian Olympus. Bursa has a rather orderly urban development pattern and is located on a fertile plain. Bursa’s significant features include several edifices erected during the Ottoman period, as well as the mausoleums of the early Ottoman sultans. Bursa also features hot spas and various museums, including an archaeological museum.
Karagöz and Hacivat, the characters in the shadow play, are based on historical figures who lived and died in Bursa. Bursa is also home to some of the most well-known Turkish foods, including skender kebap, candied marron glacés, peaches, and Turkish Delight. Bursa is home to Uludağ University, and its residents have one of Turkey’s highest overall levels of education. Bursa Province is home to the historic towns of znik (Nicaea), Mudanya, and Zeytinbağı .
Bursa had a population of 1,800,278 people in 2014, while Bursa Province had a population of 2,787,539 people.