Košice is the largest city in eastern Slovakia and, together with Marseille, France, was designated as the European Capital of Culture in 2013. It is located on the Hornád River, close the border with Hungary, in the eastern parts of the Slovak Ore Mountains. Košice, Slovakia’s second biggest city after the capital Bratislava, with a population of around 240,000 people.
Košice, the economic and cultural center of eastern Slovakia, is home to the Košice Region and Koice Self-governing Region, the Slovak Constitutional Court, three universities, many dioceses, and several museums, galleries, and theaters. Košice is an important industrial center in Slovakia, with the US Steel Košice steel mill being the city’s main employment. The city has substantial rail links as well as an international airport.
The city boasts the biggest and best-preserved historical center among Slovak towns. Many heritage-protected structures in Gothic, Renaissance, Baroque, and Art Nouveau styles may be found, including Slovakia’s biggest cathedral, St. Elisabeth Cathedral. The lengthy main street, which is surrounded by aristocratic palaces, Catholic churches, and townhouses, is a vibrant pedestrian zone with numerous stores, cafés, and restaurants. The city is well-known for being the first in Europe to be awarded its own coat-of-arms.
Kosice – Info Card
|POPULATION :|| -Population 240,688|
– urban 355,047
– metro 555,800
|FOUNDED :||First mentioned 1230|
|TIME ZONE :||– Time zone CET (UTC+1)|
– summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
|LANGUAGE :||Slovak (official)|
|RELIGION :||45% Roman Catholics, 16.6% people with no religious affiliation, 6.12% Greek Catholics, and 2.33% Lutherans, 2% Calvinists and 0.11 Jews.|
|AREA :||– Area 242.768 km2 (93.733 sq mi)|
– urban 1,776 km2 (686 sq mi)
– metro 2,709 km2 (1,046 sq mi)
|ELEVATION :||206 m (676 ft)|
|COORDINATES :||48°43′N 21°15′E|
|SEX RATIO :||• Male: 48,7%|
• Female: 51,3%
|ETHNIC :||73.8% of its inhabitants were Slovaks, 2.65% Hungarians, 2% Romani, 0.65% Czechs, 0.68% Rusyns, 0.3% Ukrainians, and 0.13% Germans. 19% not declare|
|AREA CODE :||55|
|POSTAL CODE :||040 00|
|DIALING CODE :||+421-55|
Tourism in Kosice
The city center and the majority of historical monuments are situated on or around Main Street (Hlavná ulica), and the town boasts the most protected historical monuments in Slovakia. The 14th century Gothic St. Elisabeth Cathedral, Slovakia’s biggest church, is the easternmost cathedral of western style Gothic architecture in Central Europe, and serves as the cathedral of the Archdiocese of Košice. In addition to St. Elisabeth, the 14th century St. Michael Chapel, the St. Urban Tower, and the Neo-baroque State Theater can be found in the city center. The Executioner’s Bastion and the Mill Bastion are the only surviving remnants of the city’s old defense system. The Cathedral of the Virgin Mary’s Birth serves as the Greek Catholic Eparchy of Košice. Other cultural and historical sites and structures of note include the ancient Town Hall, the Old University, the Captain’s Palace, Liberation Square, and a variety of galleries and museums. Between the old city center and the major train station lies a Municipal Park. The city also boasts a zoo, which is situated in the borough of Kavečany, northwest of the city.
TOURISM INFORMATION OFFICE
The Košice Visitor Centre is situated in the city center at Hlavná 59, Tel +421 55 625 8888, email: [email protected] It offers detailed information on the city as a tourist destination, tourism packages in the city, and where to explore the surroundings, as well as official city guides in a variety of languages. With helpful personnel, you will be able to make your stay in Košice more enjoyable, entertaining, and unforgettable.
Climate of Kosice
As it is located in the north temperate zone, Košice has a borderline humid continental climate (Dfb) and an oceanic climate (Cfb). There are four different seasons in the city. Precipitation varies slightly throughout the year, with abundant precipitation falling during the summer and little falling during the winter. The coldest month is January, with an average temperature of 3 degrees Celsius (27 degrees Fahrenheit), while the warmest month is July, with an average temperature of 19.3 degrees Celsius (66.7 degrees Fahrenheit).
Geography of Kosice
Košice is located at an elevation of 206 meters (676 feet) above sea level and has a land area of 242.77 square kilometers (93.7 sq mi). It is situated in eastern Slovakia, about 20 kilometers (12 miles) from the Hungarian border, 80 kilometers (50 miles) from the Ukrainian border, and 90 kilometers (56 miles) from the Polish border. It is located around 400 kilometers (249 miles) east of Slovakia’s capital Bratislava, and a chain of settlements links it to Prešov , which is located approximately 36 kilometers (22 miles) to the north.
Košice is located in the Košice Basin on the Hornád River, near the easternmost reaches of the Slovak Ore Mountains. It is a subdivision of the ierna hora mountains in the northwest and the Volovské vrchy mountains in the southwest. The Slanské vrchy mountains meet the basin to the east.
Economy of Kosice
Košice is the eastern Slovakia’s economic center. It accounts for around 9% of the Slovak gross domestic product. U.S. Steel Košice, with 13,500 people, is the city’s major employer and the country’s largest private employer. Mechanical engineering, the food industry, services, and commerce are other important industries. In 2001, GDP per capita was €4,004, which was below than Slovakia’s average of €4,400. In November 2015, the unemployment rate was 8.32 percent, which was lower than the country’s average of 10.77 percent at the time.
As of 2007, the city had a balanced budget of 2.78 billion Slovak korunas (almost €83 million), with a tiny surplus of 25 million korunas. The budget for 2008 included projects totaling 2.82 billion korunas in expenditure.