Hyderabad is the de jure capital of Andhra Pradesh and the capital of the southern Indian state of Telangana. It has a population of around 6.7 million and an ametropolitan population of nearly 7.75 million, making it India’s fourth most populated city and sixth most populous urban agglomeration, occupying 650 square kilometers (250 square miles) along the banks of the Musi River. Much of Hyderabad is built on hilly terrain surrounding manmade lakes, notably Hussain Sagar, which predates the city’s creation and is located north of the city center at an average height of 542 metres (1,778 feet).
Hyderabad was founded in 1591 by Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah and ruled by the Qutb Shahi dynasty for over a century before being conquered by the Mughals. Mughal viceroy Asif Jah I asserted his sovereignty and established his own dynasty, the Nizams of Hyderabad, in 1724. During the British Raj, the Nizam’s dominions became a princely state and remained so for 150 years, with the city acting as its capital. With joining the Indian Union in 1948, the city remained the capital of Hyderabad State, and after the States Reorganisation Act of 1956, it became the capital of Andhra Pradesh. Since 1956, Rashtrapati Nilayam in the city has served as the President of India’s winter residence. Telangana, a newly created state, separated from Andhra Pradesh in 2014, and the city became the joint capital of the two states, a transitional arrangement that is set to terminate in 2025.
Relics of Qutb Shahi and Nizam reign may still be seen today, with the Charminar, built by Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah, becoming a symbol of Hyderabad. Another significant site is the Golconda Fort. Mughlai culture has also left its mark on the city’s food, which includes Hyderabadi biryani and Hyderabadi haleem. The Qutb Shahis and Nizams built Hyderabad as a cultural center, drawing writers from all over the globe. With the demise of the Mughal Empire in the mid-nineteenth century, Hyderabad emerged as India’s major cultural center, with artists relocating to the city from the rest of the Indian subcontinent. While Hyderabad is losing its cultural dominance, it is now the country’s second-largest producer of motion pictures, thanks to the Telugu film industry.
Hyderabad was traditionally recognized as a pearl and diamond trade center, and it is still referred to as the City of Pearls. Many of the city’s old bazaars have been open for generations, including Laad Bazaar, Begum Bazaar, and Sultan Bazaar. However, over the twentieth century, industrialisation attracted important Indian manufacturing, research, and finance organizations such as Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited, the National Geophysical Research Institute, and the Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology. Special economic zones devoted to information technology have attracted firms from all over India and the globe to set up shop, and the rise of pharmaceutical and biotechnology sectors in the 1990s led to the region being dubbed “India’s Genome Valley.” Hyderabad is the fifth-largest contributor to India’s overall gross domestic product, with a total production of US$74 billion.
Hyderabad – Info Card
|POPULATION :||• Metropolis 6,809,970
• Metro 7,749,334
|FOUNDED :||1591 AD|
|TIME ZONE :||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|RELIGION :||Hindu 80.5%, Muslim 13.4%, Christian 2.3%, Sikh 1.9%, other 1.8%, unspecified 0.1%|
|AREA :||• Metropolis 650 km2 (250 sq mi)
• Metro 7,100 km2 (2,700 sq mi)
|ELEVATION :||505 m (1,657 ft)|
|COORDINATES :||17.37°N 78.48°E|
|SEX RATIO :||• Male: 51.70
• Female: 48.30
|AREA CODE :||8685, 8413, 8414, 8415, 8417, 8418, 8453, 8455|
|POSTAL CODE :|
|DIALING CODE :||+91–40|
Tourism in Hyderabad
Hyderabad, often known as the “Pearl City of India,” is the capital of Telangana in southern India, and is situated on the banks of the Musi River and on the Deccan Plateau. Hyderabad and Secunderabad are “twin cities” located around Hussain Sagar Lake (also known as Tank Bund in local language), yet both towns have developed so much that they now form one large metropolis. Hyderabad’s city and district are contiguous. Hyderabad district is wholly enclosed inside Telangana’s Ranga Reddy district. Many of Hyderabad’s suburbs were recently integrated into the metropolis, which is now known as Greater Hyderabad.
Hyderabad, a city steeped in history and culture, today vies with Bangalore and Chennai for the title of India’s IT capital; Microsoft and Google have their India headquarters here.
If you are visiting Hyderabad for business, as is more common these days, it is easy to overlook the 400-year-old Hyderabad. The first thing that comes to mind is a huge metropolis of retail malls and office buildings with glass facades. The whole city seems to be under construction or repair, and the roads are congested due to the metro’s development.
The magnificent “old city,” which was once the seat of the Nizam, the ruler of the largest and most opulent “princely state,” and the twin city of Secunderabad, where the British kept a cantonment to keep the army within striking distance of the Nizam, can only be seen if you take the time to see them.
Hyderabad is known as the City of Pearls, the City of Nawabs, the Biryani City, and Cyberabad due to its high-tech enterprises.
Climate of Hyderabad
Hyderabad, like many other Indian cities, has a tropical climate. From mid-November to mid-February is the finest time to visit the city. During this period, temperatures are warm with plenty of sunlight, with average temperatures ranging from 15°C (59°F) to 29°C (85°F).
From March through June, the weather is hot and dry, with occasional thunderstorms. Highs may reach 45°C (113°F) or more, and a lack of air conditioning can make it seem quite hot. July, August, September, and October may be fairly warm and humid, and low pressure systems from the Bay of Bengal can generate torrential rain for days during the monsoon season.
Geography of Hyderabad
Hyderabad is located in southern Telangana in southeastern India, 1,566 kilometers (973 miles) south of Delhi, 699 kilometers (434 miles) southeast of Mumbai, and 570 kilometers (350 miles) north of Bangalore via road. It is located in the northern region of the Deccan Plateau, on the banks of the Musi River. Greater Hyderabad has a land area of 650 km2 (250 sq mi), making it one of India’s biggest metropolitan cities. Hyderabad has an average elevation of 542 meters (1,778 feet) and is built on undulating terrain of grey and pink granite interspersed with minor hills, the largest being the Banjara Hills at 672 meters (2,205 ft). Sagar, which means “sea,” refers to the city’s many lakes. Artificial lakes formed by dams on the Musi, such as Hussain Sagar (completed in 1562 in the city center), Osman Sagar, and Himayat Sagar, are examples. The city has 140 lakes and 834 water tanks in 1996.
Economy of Hyderabad
According to the Reserve Bank of India (RBI), Hyderabad is the greatest contributor to Telangana’s GDP, tax, and other revenues, as well as the sixth largest deposit and fourth largest credit hub in the country, as of June 2012. With a GDP of $74 billion, it was the fifth-largest contributor to India’s total GDP in 2011–12. In 2011, its per capita yearly income was 44,300 (US$660). The governments of Andhra Pradesh (113,098 workers) and India were the city’s top employers in 2006. (85,155). A 2005 poll found that 77 percent of men and 19 percent of females in the city were employed. The service industry remains prominent in the city, employing 90 percent of the working population.
Hyderabad was known as the “City of Pearls” because of its prominence in the pearl trade, and it was also the sole worldwide trading center for big diamonds until the 18th century. Industrialization started in the late nineteenth century under the Nizams, aided by railway construction that linked the city to important ports. From the 1950s to the 1970s, Indian companies such as Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL), Nuclear Fuel Complex (NFC), National Mineral Development Corporation (NMDC), Bharat Electronics (BEL), Electronics Corporation of India Limited (ECIL), Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO), Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL), Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology (CCMB), Centre for DNA Fingerprinting and Diagnostics (CDFD), State Bank of Hyderabad (SBH), The city is home to Hyderabad Securities, previously known as the Hyderabad Stock Exchange (HSE), as well as the Securities and Exchange Board of India’s regional headquarters (SEBI). In 2013, it was predicted that the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) facility in Hyderabad will offer operational and transaction services to the BSE-Mumbai by the end of 2014. The expansion of the financial services industry has aided Hyderabad’s transformation from a typical manufacturing city to a cosmopolitan industrial service hub. Since the 1990s, the rise of information technology (IT), IT-enabled services (ITES), insurance, and financial institutions has enlarged the service sector, boosting the auxiliary sectors of trade and commerce, transportation, storage, communication, real estate, and retail.
The commercial marketplaces of Hyderabad are split into four categories: central business districts, sub-central business districts, neighborhood business centers, and local business centers. Many traditional and historic bazaars can be found around the city, with Laad Bazaar being the most well-known. It is well-known for selling a wide range of traditional and cultural antique products, as well as jewels and pearls.
Following the formation of Indian Drugs and Pharmaceuticals Limited (IDPL), a public sector initiative, in 1961, various national and worldwide firms opened production and research facilities in the city throughout the decades. As of 2010, the city produced one-third of India’s bulk pharmaceuticals and 16% of biotechnology goods, lending to its distinction as “India’s pharmaceutical capital” and “India’s Genome Valley.” Hyderabad is nicknamed as Cyberabad because it is a worldwide center of information technology (Cyber City). As of 2013, it provided 15% of India’s and 98.5% of Andhra Pradesh’s exports in the IT and ITES sectors, and it accounts for 22% of NASSCOM’s overall membership. The construction of HITEC City, a township with substantial technical infrastructure, enticed global corporations to set up shop in Hyderabad. More than 1300 IT and ITES enterprises are headquartered in the city, including worldwide corporations like as Microsoft, Apple, Amazon, Google, IBM, Yahoo!, Dell, and Facebook, as well as prominent Indian firms such as Tech Mahindra, Infosys, Tata Consultancy Services (TCS), Polaris, and Wipro. The World Bank Group recognized the city as the second best in India for conducting business in 2009. The city and its suburbs have the most special economic zones of any Indian city.
Hyderabad, like the rest of India, has a sizable informal sector that employs 30% of the labor force. According to a 2007 assessment, there were 40–50,000 street vendors, and their numbers were growing. Eighty-four percent of street vendors are men, sixteen percent are women, and four-fifths operate from a fixed pitch, typically with their own booth. The majority are paid for using personal resources, with just 8% borrowing from moneylenders. Vendor profits range from $50 (74 US) to $1,000 (US$12) every day. Dairy, poultry farming, brick manufacture, casual labor, and domestic assistance are among other unorganized economic sectors. The informal sector employs a large proportion of the urban poor.
Internet, Comunication in Hyderabad
India Post, a government-owned company, has its headquarters in Abids, known as GPO. Secunderabad is the city with the second-largest population.
040 is the dialing code for Hyderabad. When calling from outside India, use +91 40 XXXX XXXX. If you have a phone number with just 7 digits that isn’t functioning, try adding “2” in front of it. There are public booths located around the city.
For local/national calls, the pricing for Indian phones is roughly 1 paisa per second. It is quite simple to get a prepaid mobile phone, which is very inexpensive to purchase and use. According to government requirements, prepaid postpaid connections need both a picture ID and a photograph.
Internet cafés may be located all across town, although they are particularly common in the metropolis and in residential neighborhoods. The hourly rate ranges from $5 to $15. Broadband internet centers are provided by Reliance WebWorld.
For longer stays with a laptop, it’s best to purchase a Data plan from Tata Indicom or Reliance Mobile, which costs roughly 1,000 per month. If you have a WiFi-enabled laptop or other digital device, there are several public WiFi networks in Hyderabad that provide free high-speed internet access.