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Moscow Travel Guide - Travel S Helper

Moscow

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Moscow is Russia’s capital and biggest city, with a population of 12.2 million inside the city boundaries and 16.8 million within the metro area. Moscow is one of Russia’s three federal cities (the others are Saint Petersburg and Sevastopol, although the status of the latter is disputed due to the annexation of Crimea by Russia).

Moscow is Russia’s and Eastern Europe’s primary political, economic, cultural, and scientific hub, as well as the biggest metropolis fully on the European continent.

Moscow is the ninth most expensive city in the world, yet it is also one of the world’s fastest rising tourism attractions.

Moscow is the world’s most populous inland city, located on the Moskva River in the Central Federal District of European Russia. The city is well-known for its architecture, notably for ancient structures like as Saint Basil’s Cathedral, which has vividly colored domes. It is one of the greenest capitals and largest cities in Europe and the globe, with vegetation covering more than 40% of its land.

The city has served as the capital of many nations, including the medieval Grand Duchy of Moscow and the following Tsardom of Russia, as well as the Soviet Union and the modern Russian Federation. Moscow is regarded as the cultural capital of Russia due to the residence of Russian artists, scientists, and sports leaders, as well as the existence of museums, academic and governmental organizations, and theaters.

The Moscow Kremlin, a historic city-fortress that now serves as the Russian president’s palace, is the center of power for the Russian government. The Moscow Kremlin and Red Square are two of the city’s World Heritage Sites. The city also houses both chambers of the Russian parliament (the State Duma and the Federation Council).

The city is served by a transit network that includes four international airports, nine railway terminals, numerous trams, a monorail system, and one of the world’s deepest underground metro systems, the Moscow Metro, which is the world’s fourth-largest and largest outside of Asia in terms of passenger numbers, and the busiest in Europe. Because of the magnificent design of its 197 stops, it is acknowledged as one of the city’s monuments.

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Moscow | Introduction

Moscow – Info Card

POPULATION :  City: 12,197,596 /   Metro: 16,800,000
FOUNDED :   Before 1147
TIME ZONE :  MSK (UTC+03:00)
LANGUAGE :  Russian
RELIGION :  Russian Orthodox 79.8%, Muslims 14%, Others 6.2%
AREA :  2,511 km2 (970 sq mi)
ELEVATION :  55.8–91.5 m (183.1–300.2 ft)
COORDINATES :  55°45′N 37°37′E
SEX RATIO :  Male: 46,13%
 Female: 53,87%
ETHNIC :  Russian 91.65%, Ukrainian 1.42%, Tatar 1.38%, Others 5.55%
AREA CODE :  495
POSTAL CODE :
DIALING CODE :  +7 495
WEBSITE :  www.mos.ru

Tourism in Moscow

Moscow is Russia’s 860-year-old capital. Moscow, a genuinely iconic global metropolis, has played a critical role in the history of both Russia and the globe. The sight of the Kremlin complex in the city center is nevertheless filled with meaning and history for many. Moscow was the former Soviet Union’s capital, and traces of its past vibrancy may still be seen today.

However, Russia and its capital are more than simply relics of the Soviet Union. Architectural treasures from the Russian Empire may still be seen across Moscow, while traces of current Tsars (or at least persons with comparable levels of wealth) abound.

Today, Moscow is a flourishing, enthusiastic capital city brimming with life, culture, and, on occasion, traffic. Moscow, a large city, is home to several museums, Soviet-era monoliths, and post-Soviet kitsch, but it also continues to chart the way ahead as Muscovites enter the twenty-first century.

Climate of Moscow

Moscow has a humid continental climate with lengthy, cold (by Russian standards) winters that typically range from mid-November to the end of March, and mild summers. Temperatures may range from 25 °C (13 °F) in the city and 30 °C (22 °F) in the suburbs to above 5 °C (41 °F) in the winter and 10 to 35 °C (50 to 95 °F) in the summer.

Typical high temperatures in the warm months of June, July, and August range from 20 to 26 degrees Celsius (68 to 79 degrees Fahrenheit), but during heat waves (which can occur between May and September), daytime high temperatures frequently exceed 30 degrees Celsius (86 degrees Fahrenheit), sometimes for a week or two at a time.

Winter average temperatures typically decrease to about 10 °C (14 °F), while practically every winter has periods of warmth with day temperatures climbing above 0 °C (32 °F) and periods of cold with night temperatures dropping below 30 °C (22 °F). These times often last a week or two.

Moscow enjoys 1731 hours of sunlight each year on average, with a low of 8% in December and a high of 52% from May to August.

Geography of Moscow

Moscow is located on the banks of the Moskva River, which runs across the East European Plain in central Russia for about 500 kilometers (311 miles). Within the municipal borders, 49 bridges cross the river and its canals. Moscow’s elevation at the All-Russia Exhibition Center (VVC), where the city’s principal meteorological station is located, is 156 meters (512 ft). Teplostanskaya highland, at 255 meters, is the city’s highest point (837 feet).

Moscow city is 39.7 km (24.7 mi) wide from west to east and 51.8 km long from north to south (32.2 mi).

The several ‘Ring Roads’ that round the city at varying distances from the center, approximately following the contour of the walls that used to enclose Moscow, define much of the city’s topography. The Boulevard Ring (Bulvarnoye Koltso), created in the 1820s where the 16th century walls used to be, is the innermost ring road, with Red Square and the Kremlin marking the very center. It connects the Christ the Savior Cathedral in south-west downtown Moscow to the Yauza’s mouth in south-east central Moscow.

The Garden Ring (Sadovoe Koltso) gets its name from the fact that in Tsarist times, landowners around the road were required to maintain gardens to keep the road looking nice. The road was enlarged during Soviet times, and there are no gardens there now.

The Third Ring Road, inaugurated in 2004, is not popular with visitors, but it is a busy highway that handles some of Moscow’s traffic. It approximately follows the contour of Kamer-Kollezhsky val, Moscow’s customs border from the 18th to the early 20th centuries. The Moscow Ring Road (abbreviated MKAD-Moskovskaya kolcevaya avto doroga), a 108-kilometer-long freeway that encircles the whole city (similar to London’s M25 and Paris’ Périphérique), defines the city’s outskirts.

Economy of Moscow

Moscow is one of Europe’s biggest municipal economies, accounting for around 22 percent of Russian GDP. In 2010, Moscow had the lowest unemployment rate of any federal subject of Russia, at 1%.

Moscow is Russia’s financial hub, and it is home to the country’s main banks as well as many of its top corporations, including natural gas giant Gazprom. Moscow accounts for 17% of Russian retail sales and 13% of total building activity in the nation.

Since the 1998 Russian financial crisis, Moscow’s commercial sectors have grown at an exponential pace. Many new business complexes and office buildings have been developed in recent years, yet office space in Moscow remains scarce. As a consequence, many old industrial and research buildings are being rebuilt to make them acceptable for office usage.

The Cherkizovskiy marketplace was Europe’s biggest, with a daily turnover of over thirty million dollars and approximately ten thousand venders from various nations (including China, Turkey, Azerbaijan and India).

Moscow’s primary industries include chemical, metallurgy, culinary, textile, furniture, energy production, software development, and equipment.

Internet, Communication in Moscow

The Moscow Metro features WiFi in all of its trains. It is financed by advertisements.

Beeline WiFi has the most paid and free WiFi connection points in the world. If there is a fee, you may pay it online using a credit card.

In the city center, there is a big network of free WiFi hotspots; check your device in the midst of a popular area and you may locate one.

Many cafés and restaurants provide free WiFi; just ask for the password. Most bookshops, notably Dom Knigi on New Arbat Street and “Respublika” on Tverskaya near Mayakovskaya Metro Station, have free WiFi.

Many places that provide free WiFi, including as the Metro, McDonald’s, and Domedovo airport, require you to validate an authorization code provided to a Russian phone number before you can receive access.

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