Saturday, October 16, 2021

North Macedonia

EuropeNorth Macedonia

North Macedonia, formally the Republic of North Macedonia, is a nation located in Southeast Europe’s Balkan peninsula. It is one of the former Yugoslavia’s successor nations, having proclaimed independence from the old Yugoslavia in 1991. It joined the United Nations in 1993, but due to an ongoing dispute with Greece over the use of the name “Macedonia,” was admitted under the provisional designation former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (sometimes abbreviated FYROM), a term also used by international organizations such as the European Union, the Council of Europe, and NATO.

The Republic of Macedonia is a landlocked nation bordered on the northwest by Kosovo, on the north by Serbia, on the east by Bulgaria, on the south by Greece, and on the west by Albania. It encompasses about the northwestern third of Macedonia’s broader geographical area, which also includes neighboring sections of northern Greece and lesser portions of southern Bulgaria and southeastern Albania. Mountains, valleys, and rivers dominate the country’s landscape. Skopje, the capital and biggest city, is home to about a quarter of the country’s 2.06 million residents. Residents are mostly ethnic Macedonians, a South Slavic group. Albanians are a sizable minority, accounting for about 25% of the population, followed by Turks, Romani, Serbs, and others.

Macedonia’s history stretches all the way back to antiquity, when the kingdom of Paeonia, a Thracian state, existed. The region was absorbed into the Persian Achaemenid Empire in the late sixth century BCE and subsequently conquered by the Greek kingdom of Macedon in the fourth century BCE. In the second century BCE, the Romans captured the area and included it into the much larger province of Macedonia. Macedonia was a part of the Byzantine (Eastern Roman) Empire until the sixth century CE, when it was often attacked and inhabited by Slavic peoples. After decades of conflict between the Bulgarian and Byzantine empires, it eventually fell under Ottoman control beginning in the 14th century. Beginning in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, an unique Macedonian identity developed, despite the current region of Macedonia fell under Serbian control after the Balkan Wars of 1912 and 1913. Following the First World War (1914–18), it was annexed by the Serb-dominated Kingdom of Yugoslavia, which was reestablished as a republic following the Second World War (1945), and was renamed the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in 1963. Macedonia was a constituent socialist republic inside Yugoslavia until 1991, when it declared its independence peacefully.

Macedonia is a United Nations and Council of Europe member. Since 2005, it has also been a candidate for membership in the European Union and NATO. Although Macedonia is one of Europe’s poorest nations, it has made considerable strides in developing an open, market-based economy.

North Macedonia | Introduction

Geography Macedonia has a total land area of 25,713 km2 (9,928 sq mi). It is located between latitudes 40° and 43° N, and mostly between longitudes 20° and 23° E (with a tiny portion east of 23°). Macedonia shares 748 kilometers (465 miles) of borders with Serbia (62 kilometers or...

How To Travel To North Macedonia

By plane Macedonia has two international airports, one in the capital Skopje called "Alexander the Great Airport" (SKP) and another in Ohrid called "St.Paul the Apostle Airport" (OHD). There are about 150 flights each week from several European locations to Skopje. The Macedonian government granted a contract to a Turkish...

How To Travel Around North Macedonia

By car Because to the hilly terrain and lack of well-maintained roads, it is common to encounter poorly marked abrupt bends, as well as dangerous obstacles that separate your tires from sheer cliffs. The northern section of the highway network has a short length of road with distinct directions, with...

Visa & Passport Requirements for North Macedonia

EU and Schengen signatory citizens may enter with just a valid ID card or passport. The following individuals do not need visas to enter: Albania, Andorra, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Bahamas, Barbados, Belgium, Bosnia and, Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic,...

Destinations in North Macedonia

Regions in North Macedonia PovardarieThe area around the Vardar River, which includes Skopje, the capital and biggest city. Western MacedoniaThe majority of Macedonia's tourism attractions, including the three national parks and Ohrid, can be found here. Eastern MacedoniaThere aren't as many tourist attractions here, but there are some breathtaking views of country...

Accommodation & Hotels in Macedonia

Ohrid, being the country's main tourist attraction, is clearly more costly than any other location in Macedonia. It should be noted that hotel costs are extremely high across the nation and that visitors are charged double rates. It is therefore preferable to stay in private accommodations. If no one...

Things To See in North Macedonia

This beautiful, small nation has an unexpected number of things to offer. It's a wonderful blend of ancient Balkan, laid-back Mediterranean, and trendy and happening contemporary European vibes. It all begins in vibrant Skopje, the country's capital and economic hub. It has excellent shopping and partying possibilities, as well as...

Food & Drinks in North Macedonia

Food in North Macedonia If you're on a budget, consider one of the Skara (grill) establishments. On the waterfront, there are a number of upmarket restaurants offering higher-quality cuisine, but they appeal to visitors, so don't be shocked by a hefty price at the conclusion of your dinner. Service in restaurants...

Money & Shopping in North Macedonia

Macedonia has a plethora of marketplaces and bazaars that are well worth a visit. The biggest bazaars are in Skopje, Tetovo, Ohrid, and Bitola, and they offer everything from dried peppers to imitation designer eyeglasses. While most of the goods may not be worth purchasing, there is usually a...

Festivals & Holidays in Macedonia

Public holidays in Macedonia In the Republic of Macedonia, public holidays are celebrated for a variety of reasons, including religious and national importance. They are usually accompanied with festivities. DateEnglish nameMacedonian name2016 dateRemarks1 JanuaryNew YearНова Година, Nova Godina1 January 7 JanuaryChristmas Day(Orthodox)Прв ден Божик, Prv den Božik7 January April/MayGood Friday(Orthodox)Велики Петок, Veliki Petok29 April April/MayEaster Sunday(Orthodox)Прв ден...

Traditions & Customs in Macedonia

Macedonian-Bulgarian, Macedonian-Albanian, and Macedonian-Greek ties are all contentious issues. Most Macedonians have strong political sentiments on their neighbors and will not hesitate to voice them in most instances. Politics is often brought up in casual conversation over a cup of coffee. Avoid subjects such as the 2001 war against...

Internet & Communications in North Macedonia

Domestic Phones Domestic phone service is provided in all populated towns through PSTN or VoIP. T-home operates the PSTN network. The mobile operator ONE offers an inexpensive fixed phone service (wireless and simple to install), both prepaid (no monthly cost, 12 months availability without recharge, recharging for just MKD500/€8) and...

Language & Phrasebook in North Macedonia

Macedonian is the country's official language and is spoken by almost everyone. Ethnic minorities speak Albanian, Turkish, and Serbo-Croatian. While many young individuals speak English, many elderly ones do not. Most workers, young and old, of tourism-related companies, especially in Skopje, Ohrid, and Bitola, can speak at least basic...

Culture Of North Macedonia

Macedonia has a rich cultural history in the fields of art, architecture, poetry, and music. It is home to a number of historic, protected religious sites. Annual poetry, film, and music festivals are held. Byzantine church music had a significant impact on Macedonian music genres. Macedonia contains a large...

History Of North Macedonia

Ancient and Roman period The Republic of Macedonia approximately correlates to the ancient kingdom of Paeonia, which was situated directly north of Macedonia. The Paeonians, a Thracian people, inhabited Paeonia, while the Dardani inhabited the northwest and tribes known historically as the Enchelae, Pelagones, and Lyncestae inhabited the southwest; the...

Stay Safe & Healthy in North Macedonia

Macedonia is a safe nation to visit. Driving is not a bad idea, but foreigners should strive to utilize cabs and public transportation wherever feasible. Keep a watch out for pickpockets and keep all valuables secure, as you would in any other country. Hotels and most private accommodations will...

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