Pisa is a city in Tuscany, Central Italy, located on the banks of the Arno River, shortly before it drains into the Tyrrhenian Sea. It is the provincial capital of the province of Pisa. Although Pisa is most known for its leaning tower (the bell tower of the city’s cathedral), the city of about 89,940 citizens (around 200,000 plus the metropolitan area) is home to more than 20 other antique churches, many medieval palaces, and several bridges over the River Arno. Much of the architecture in the city was sponsored by the city’s history as one of the Italian maritime republics.
The city also has the University of Pisa, which dates back to the 12th century, as well as the fabled Napoleonic Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa and Sant’Anna School of Advanced Studies, which are the finest sanctioned Superior Graduate Schools in Italy.