Uganda, formally the Republic of Uganda, is an East African landlocked country. Kenya borders it on the east, South Sudan on the north, the Democratic Republic of the Congo on the west, Rwanda on the southwest, and Tanzania on the south. After Ethiopia, Uganda is the world’s second most populated landlocked country. The country’s southern region comprises a large chunk of Lake Victoria, which it shares with Kenya and Tanzania. Uganda is located in Africa’s Great Lakes area. Uganda, which is likewise located in the Nile valley, has a diverse but typically modified tropical climate.
Uganda derives its name from the Buganda kingdom, which governs a major section of the country’s south, including the capital, Kampala. Ugandans were hunter-gatherers until 1,700 to 2,300 years ago, when Bantu-speaking tribes moved to the country’s south.
Beginning in 1894, the British governed the area as a protectorate, establishing administrative law throughout the territory. Uganda won independence from the United Kingdom on October 9, 1962. Since then, there have been sporadic hostilities, notably a protracted civil war in the Northern area against the Lord’s Resistance Army, which has resulted in tens of thousands of fatalities and displaced over a million people.
English is the official language. Luganda, the national language, is widely spoken across the country, as are numerous additional languages such as Runyoro, Runyankole, Rukiga, and Luo. Uganda’s president is Yoweri Museveni, who took office in January 1986 following a six-year guerrilla struggle.