The capital and biggest city of Mauritania is Nouakchott (place of the winds). It is one of the Sahara’s most populous cities. The city serves as Mauritania’s administrative and commercial hub.
Until 1958, when it was selected as the capital of the young republic of Mauritania, Nouakchott was a little hamlet of little significance. It was constructed and built to hold 15,000 people, but droughts in Mauritius during the 1970s have forced many Mauritanians to relocate to Nouakchott. This resulted in fast urbanization and overpopulation, with the city’s population estimated at 2 million in 2008, despite official estimates of less than a million. The relocated people lived in slum regions in deplorable circumstances, however the living conditions of some of these residents have recently improved.
Nouakchott is the economic heart of Mauritius, with a port that handles 500,000 tonnes of cargo annually and one of the country’s two international airports. Nouakchott University and various marketplaces are located in the city.
Nouakchott – Info Card
|POPULATION :||City: 958,399|
|TIME ZONE :|
|LANGUAGE :||Arabic (official), Pulaar, Soninke, Wolof , French|
|RELIGION :||Muslim 100%|
|AREA :||1,000 km2 (400 sq mi)|
|ELEVATION :||7 m (23 ft)|
|COORDINATES :||18°6′N 15°57′W|
|SEX RATIO :||• Male: 50.40%|
• Female: 49.60%
|ETHNIC :||mixed Moor/black 40%, Moor 30%, black 30%|
|AREA CODE :|
|POSTAL CODE :|
|DIALING CODE :||+222|
Climate of Nouakchott
Nouakchott has a hot desert environment with warm temperatures all year and moderate winter night temperatures.
In comparison to other cities in this climate, Nouakchott has a comparatively moderate temperature range.
While typical high temperatures hover around 33 degrees Celsius (91 degrees Fahrenheit), average low temperatures vary from 25 degrees Celsius (77 degrees Fahrenheit) in the summer to 13 degrees Celsius (55 degrees Fahrenheit) in the winter.
Winter evenings in Nouakchott may be as cold as 10 degrees Celsius (50 degrees Fahrenheit).
Geography of Nouakchott
It is located on the west coast of Africa, on the Atlantic Ocean, on the Atlantic shore of the Sahara Desert.
The coastal strip is generally left unoccupied and permitted to flood, with the exception of Nouakchott Wharf and a deep water port. Shifting sandbanks and sandy beaches dot the shoreline. Quicksand may be found near to the port. The sand dunes that are moving from Nouakchott’s eastern side (salmon-colored on picture to left) are posing a daily difficulty.
The city is very spread out, with few big structures, due to the quick development. The majority of structures are single-story. Nouakchott is often used as a link between urban Mauritanians and their nomadic neighbors.
Nouakchott is developed around Avenue Gamal Abdel Nasser, a broad tree-lined thoroughfare that extends northeast from the airport to the city center. It separates the city into two halves, with residential neighborhoods in the north and the medina sector in the south, as well as the kebbe, a shanty town developed as a result of the desert’s displacement of people from other locations.
Economy of Nouakchott
Nouakchott produces salt, cement, pesticides, rugs, carpets, needlework, and craft goods, and the port also exports copper.
In the year 2000, the city had around 30 small or medium-sized industries. Administration and finance businesses are also crucial. In the city, there is a huge sugar refinery that has been in operation since 1977.
As of 1999, Nouakchott was the economic hub of Mauritius, with three-quarters of the country’s service sector businesses based there. Informal transactions accounted for 90% of the city’s economic activity in 1999. Some residents have several addresses and have strong links to their home areas, coming for labor on occasion.