Colombia is the only country in South America to have coastlines on both the North Pacific and Caribbean Seas. It is also the second most biodiverse country in the world. Located south of Panama, Colombia controls the land access between Central and South America. With Panama to the north, Colombia is surrounded by Venezuela to the east, Brazil to the southeast, and Ecuador and Peru to the southwest. The country was named after Christopher Columbus, according to the Italian version of his name (Cristoforo Colombo). Although Columbus never set foot on what is now Colombian territory, on his fourth voyage he visited Panama, which was part of Colombia until 1903.
Travelling to Colombia is well worth it. From Bogotá, with its temperate climate at an altitude of 2,600 metres and a constant temperature of 19 degrees Celsius, a one or two hour drive north, south, east or west offers a variety of beautiful landscapes. Historic city centres and towns, modern and energetic party towns, eastern plains stretching far beyond the horizon with little modulation. The rugged contours of the high Andes region, the Guajira peninsula and its desert, idyllic beaches, the tropical jungles of the Amazon and Choco rivers with lush flora and fauna, snow-capped peaks and volcanoes, ancient ruins, the Magdalena river valley and its warm climate, beautiful coral reefs and abundant marine life as well as pleasant and relaxing tropical islands, and the opportunity to rest and relax in a privately rented hacienda that allows you to have and enjoy these treasures all to yourself. Such diversity goes hand in hand with an equally diverse set of traditions and foods. Colombia, one of the most equatorial countries in the world, but unique in its extreme topography and abundance of water, has something for everyone.
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