Saturday, December 4, 2021

Chile

Chile, formally the Republic of Chile, is a South American nation bounded on the east by the Andes and on the west by the Pacific Ocean. It is bounded on the north by Peru, on the northeast by Bolivia, on the east by Argentina, and on the south by the Drake Passage. Chilean territory comprises the Pacific Ocean’s Juan Fernández, Salas y Gómez, and Desventuradas islands, as well as Easter Island. Chile also claims about 1,250,000 square kilometers (480,000 square miles) of Antarctica, but the Antarctic Treaty suspends such claims.

The dry Atacama Desert in northern Chile is a mineral miner’s paradise, particularly for copper. The relatively small central area is the most populous and agriculturally productive, and serves as the cultural and political hub from which Chile developed in the late nineteenth century, including its northern and southern areas. Southern Chile is densely forested and nearly landlocked, with a series of mountains and lakes dotting the landscape. Southern California’s coastline is a maze of fjords, inlets, canals, twisting peninsulas, and islands.

In the mid-16th century, Spain invaded and colonized Chile, displacing the Inca in northern and central Chile but failing to capture the autonomous Mapuche in south-central Chile. Chile developed as a reasonably stable authoritarian republic in the 1830s after proclaiming independence from Spain in 1818. Chile had substantial economic and territorial development in the nineteenth century, finally putting an end to Mapuche opposition in the 1880s and capturing its present northern area during the War of the Pacific (1879–83) after conquering Peru and Bolivia. In the 1960s and 1970s, the nation suffered significant political division and instability on the left and right. This trend culminated in the 1973 Chilean coup d’état, which deposed Salvador Allende’s democratically elected left-wing government and ushered in a 16-year right-wing military dictatorship that killed or disappeared over 3,000 people. Augusto Pinochet’s dictatorship came to an end in 1990 after losing a 1988 referendum, and was replaced by a center-left alliance that governed through four presidents until 2010.

Chile is one of the most stable and wealthy countries in South America today. It is the most developed country in Latin America in terms of human development, competitiveness, per capita income, globalization, state of peace, economic freedom, and perceptions of corruption. Additionally, it scores well regionally in terms of state sustainability and democratic progress. Chile is a founding member of the United Nations, the Union of South American Nations (UNASUR), and the Latin American and Caribbean Community (CELAC) (CELAC).

Chile | Introduction

Chile, officially the Republic of Chile, is a country in South America that occupies a long, narrow strip of land between the Andes Mountains to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west. It is bordered by Peru to the north, Bolivia to the northeast, Argentina to the...

How To Travel To Chile

By air The most common point of entry for foreign visitors is Arturo Merino-Benítez International Airport (SCL), located in the municipality of Pudahuel, 15 km (9.3 miles) northwest of downtown Santiago. It is the largest airport in Chile and one of the six busiest in South America in terms of...

How To Travel Around Chile

By air Chile has a fairly good airport infrastructure. The main flight hub in Chile is the Arturo Merino Benitez International Airport (SCL) in Santiago, from where several airlines fly to the most remote parts of the country. These companies are the three Chilean airlines: LAN Airlines, Sky Airline and...

Visa & Passport Requirements for Chile

Citizens of the following countries may be exempted from the tourist visa requirement: Up to 90 days: Albania, Andorra, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Bahamas, Barbados, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, Colombia, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Estonia, Fiji, Finland,...

Destinations in Chile

Regions Northern Chile (Arica-Parinacota, Tarapacá, Antofagasta, Atacama and Coquimbo regions).Visit the driest desert in the world, archaeological ruins and the Andean highlands. Central Chile (Valparaíso, Santiago, O'Higgins and Maule regions).In the heart of the country you can visit the main cities, the famous vineyards and some of the best ski resorts...

Weather & Climate in Chile

The diversity of Chile's climate ranges from the driest desert in the world in the north - the Atacama Desert - to the Mediterranean climate in the centre, the humid subtropical climate on Easter Island and the oceanic climate, including alpine tundra and glaciers in the east and south....

Accommodation & Hotels in Chile

There are many types of hotels in Chilean cities: some of the most common chains are Sheraton, Kempinsky, Ritz, Marriott, Hyatt and Holiday Inn. There are several hostels and small hotels of varying quality waiting to be discovered. On the backpacker trail, you can find residences in each small...

Things To See in Chile

With an extension from 17°S in the north to 55°S in the south, Chile is one of the longest countries in the world with several climatic zones and natural types. High mountains are present throughout the country. On the Chilean mainland, you can visit three UNESCO World Heritage Sites:...

Things To Do in Chile

Chile is home to the second largest leisure pool in the world (previously the largest until its builder completed an even larger pool in Egypt in 2015). It's located at the San Alfonso del Mar Resort in Algarrobo and you'll need a sailboat to navigate its 2km length.

Food & Drinks in Chile

Food in Chile Chilean cuisine presents a great variety of dishes that were born from the fusion of the indigenous tradition and the Spanish colonial contribution, combining their dishes, customs and culinary habits. Contributions from German, Italian and French cuisine have been given thanks to the influence of the immigrants...

Money & Shopping in Chile

Currency The currency of Chile is the Chilean peso (CLP). Other currencies are not widely accepted, but most cities have exchange offices with reasonable rates for euros and US dollars. Rates should be posted on prominent signs. As of mid-July 2012, 1 € ≡ CLP600, 1 GBP ≡ CLP763, 1 AUD1...

Festivals & Holidays in Chile

The festivities in Chile correspond to religious celebrations and civil commemorations. Due to its location in the southern hemisphere, the local high tourist season begins in December and ends in the first week of March. The beginning of this period is marked by two major festivals: Christmas, which is...

Traditions & Customs in Chile

Although modern in many ways, Chile is still fundamentally traditional. You will fare much better if you do not openly denigrate or disrespect these traditions. People speak in conversational tones. Unlike other Latin American countries, the Chilean police are admired for their honesty and competence. Report any complaints to the...

Internet & Communications in Chile

Telephone Payphones on the street are very susceptible to tampering or vandalism, so it is best to use a phone in a shop or station. Prepaid cards for mobile phones and landlines are sold in most newsagents, supermarkets, petrol stations, pharmacies and telephone retailers. GSM mobile networks are ubiquitous in all major...

Language & Phrasebook in Chile

Spanish is the official language of the country and is spoken everywhere. Chileans use their own dialect, Castellano de Chile, with many differences in pronunciation, grammar, vocabulary and slang. Spanish-speaking foreigners will have no trouble understanding it and will simply think it is funny, but non-native speakers often have...

Culture Of Chile

From the beginning of agricultural colonisation until the end of the pre-Hispanic period, the north of Chile was a region of Andean culture influenced by the traditions of the Altiplano, which extended to the northern coastal valleys, while the southern regions were areas of Mapuche cultural activity. Throughout the...

History Of Chile

Before the arrival of the Spanish in the 16th century, the north of Chile was under Inca rule, while the indigenous Araucanians (Mapuche) inhabited the centre and south of the country. The Mapuche were also one of the last independent indigenous groups in America, and were only fully integrated...

Stay Safe & Healthy in Chile

Stay Safe in Chile Like most large cities in South America, Santiago suffers from a high rate of pickpocketing and muggings. It is advisable not to walk around the city centre with expensive-looking jewellery or watches, even during the day. Stay alert and be especially careful in all busy areas...

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