Saturday, October 16, 2021

Guatemala

North AmericaGuatemala

Guatemala, officially the Republic of Guatemala (Spanish: Repblica de Guatemala), is a Central American country bordered on the north and west by Mexico, on the southwest by the Pacific Ocean, on the northeast by Belize, on the east by the Caribbean, on the east by Honduras, and on the southeast by El Salvador. With an estimated population of approximately 15.8 million, it is Central America’s most populated state. Guatemala is a representative democracy, with Nueva Guatemala de la Asunción, better known as Guatemala City, as its capital and biggest city.

The area that is now Guatemala was originally the heartland of the Maya civilisation, which spanned Mesoamerica. The Spanish captured the majority of the nation in the 16th century, including it into the viceroyalty of New Spain. Guatemala gained independence from the Federal Republic of Central America in 1821 and was dissolved in 1841.

Guatemala suffered from persistent instability and civil conflict from the mid- to late-nineteenth century. It was controlled by a succession of dictators beginning in the early twentieth century, all of whom were supported by the United Fruit Company and the United States government. In 1944, authoritarian tyrant Jorge Ubico was deposed by a pro-democracy military coup, sparking a decade-long revolution that resulted in far-reaching social and economic changes. In 1954, a military coup supported by the United States put an end to the revolution and established a dictatorship.

Guatemala experienced a brutal civil war between the US-backed government and leftist insurgents from 1960 to 1996, which included military-led genocide murders of the indigenous Maya people. Guatemala has seen economic development and successful democratic elections since a peace agreement brokered by the United Nations, but it continues to suffer with high rates of poverty, crime, drug trafficking, and instability.

Guatemala’s wealth of biologically important and distinct habitats supports a high number of endemic species and contributes to the classification of Mesoamerica as a biodiversity hotspot. Additionally, the nation is renowned for its vibrant and unique culture, which is defined by a mix of Spanish and indigenous elements.

Guatemala | Introduction

Guatemala, officially the Republic of Guatemala (Spanish: República de Guatemala), is a Central American country bordered by Mexico to the north and west, the Pacific Ocean to the southwest, Belize to the northeast, the Caribbean to the east, Honduras to the east and El Salvador to the southeast. With...

How To Travel To Guatemala

By air Guatemala's main airport, La Aurora International Airport (IATA: GUA), is located in Guatemala City. International flights come mainly from other Central American countries, the USA, Mexico, Colombia and Spain. The airport recently underwent a modernising reconstruction. Today it is a glass and concrete building with modern shops and...

How To Travel Around Guatemala

By bus It's hard to miss the brightly coloured buses that fill the streets of Guatemala's big cities and highways. These are chicken buses, or camionetas in Spanish, and are a common mode of transport for Guatemalans and an adventure for tourists. They are much cheaper than tourist buses or...

Visa & Passport Requirements for Guatemala

The following nationalities do not require a visa to visit Guatemala: Andorra, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Belize, Brazil, Canada, Costa Rica, Chile, Denmark, El Salvador, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Honduras, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Mexico, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Norway, Panama, Paraguay, Portugal, Russia, Singapore,...

Destinations in Guatemala

Regions in Guatemala Central HighlandsThis region is home to the capital of Guatemala and at least one active volcano. Western HighlandsThis region is by far the most beautiful part of Guatemala and includes many indigenous Mayan villages. Lake Atitlan is also in this region, as are at least two active volcanoes. Eastern...

Weather & Climate in Guatemala

Guatemala has a varied climate. Most parts of the country are hot (between 80 and 90 , depending on the season and location), with post-meridian thunderstorms usually moderating the heat somewhat. In the Altos, the mountainous region, the weather is generally a little cooler, varying between 70 ...

Things To See in Guatemala

The Mayan ruins are the country's main attractions and the most notable are El Mirador, perhaps the cradle of Mayan civilisation, and Tikal. Volcanoes Guatemala has many volcanoes, many of which are over 3,000 metres high. Volcán de Pacaya (2500m) - this is an active volcano located about 30 minutes from Antigua....

Things To Do in Guatemala

Guatemala is rich in natural beauty and travel opportunities. It is a country that offers so much for those who are willing to get off the beaten track for a while. Antigua Guatemala is often referred to as a hub for travellers, a picture-perfect ruined city in Central America surrounded...

Food & Drinks in Guatemala

Food in Guatemala Typical food : Kaq Ik Pepián Jocom Quichom Tortillas and tortillas de harina. Corn tortillas are served with most meals. Frijoles negros - stewed black beans Caldos - Beef broths Tamales - steamed maize flour with various toppings, wrapped in banana leaves. Rice and beans (Garifunafood in Puerto Barrios) Tapado, ceviche and other fish dishes Churrascos The typical breakfast...

Money & Shopping in Guatemala

Currency The local currency is the quetzal, named after the national bird, whose connotations are still ancient and mythical today. One US dollar is equivalent to 7.61 quetzals. US dollars are widely accepted and can be exchanged in most small towns. ATMs can be found in larger towns, but don't...

Festivals & Holidays in Guatemala

The Guatemalan Labour Code recognises the following dates as public holidays with paid leave: 1 January: New Year March / April Thursday, Friday and Saturday: Easter, Holy Week 1 May: International Labour Day, known as "Workers' Day". 30 June: Armed Forces Day 15 September: Independence Day 20 October: Revolution...

Internet & Communications in Guatemala

Phone The international telephone code for Guatemala is 502. There is no area code. All telephone numbers have eight digits. On 18 September 2004, the telephone system was changed from seven to eight digits, and there is a system for adding certain digits to the beginning of seven-digit numbers (description...

Language & Phrasebook in Guatemala

Spanish is the official language of Guatemala and the most widely spoken language. More than twenty indigenous languages are still spoken throughout the country, but many Maya have at least a basic knowledge of Spanish, except in the most remote areas. For the Garifuna of Livingston, Garifuna and English...

Culture Of Guatemala

Guatemala City is home to many of the country's libraries and museums, including the National Archives, the National Library and the Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, which has an extensive collection of Mayan artefacts. There are also private museums such as the Ixchel, which focuses on textiles, and the...

History Of Guatemala

Pre-Columbian The earliest evidence of human settlement in Guatemala dates back to at least 12,000 BC. Sites dating back to 6500 BC have been discovered at Quiché in the central highlands and at Sipacate, Escuintla, on the central Pacific coast. Archaeologists divide Mesoamerica's pre-Columbian history into a pre-Classical period (2000...

Stay Safe & Healthy in Guatemala

Stay Safe in Guatemala Guatemala has one of the highest violent crime rates in the world. Travellers should take extra precautions while in Guatemala. If you are assaulted, robbed or approached by armed persons, cooperate. Do not make any sudden movements or hand over any items or money that are...

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