Belize, previously British Honduras, is a nation on Central America’s eastern coast. Belize is bounded by Mexico on the north, Guatemala on the south and west, and the Caribbean Sea on the east. Its mainland is about 290 kilometers (180 miles) long and 110 kilometers (68 miles) broad.
Belize has the lowest population density in Central America, with a land area of 22,800 square kilometers (8,800 square miles) and a population of 368,310 in 2015. The country’s annual population growth rate of 1.87 percent (2015) is the second highest in the area and among the fastest in the Western Hemisphere.
Belize’s variety of terrestrial and marine species, as well as its habitats, establishes it as a critical link in the internationally important Mesoamerican Biological Corridor.
Belize’s civilization is varied, including a variety of cultures and languages that reflect the country’s long past. Belize’s official language is English, although more than half of the population is bilingual.
Belize is a Central American and Caribbean country with significant connections to both Latin America and the Caribbean. It is a full member of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM), the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC), and the Central American Integration System (SICA), making it the only nation to be a full member of all three regional organizations. Belize is a Commonwealth country ruled by Queen Elizabeth II.
Belize is well-known for its September Festivals, vast coral reefs, and punta music.