Antigua and Barbuda is an Americas twin-island nation located between the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean. It is comprised of two inhabited main islands, Antigua and Barbuda, as well as a number of smaller islands (including Great Bird, Green, Guinea, Long, Maiden and York Islands and further south, the island of Redonda). The permanent population is about 81,800 (as of the 2011 Census), and Antigua’s capital, biggest port, and largest city is St. John’s.
Antigua and Barbuda, separated by a few nautical miles, are located in the Leeward Islands, a subgroup of the Lesser Antilles, about 17°N of the equator. Christopher Columbus named the nation Antigua in 1493 after finding the island in honor of the Virgin of La Antigua in Seville Cathedral. Due to the many beaches that surround the islands, the nation is called “Land of 365 Beaches.” Its government, language, and culture have all been heavily impacted by the British Empire, which the nation was a part of before.