Tuesday, October 26, 2021

Poland

EuropePoland

Poland (Polish: Polska) is a nation in Central Europe with a long and exciting history, a colorful legacy reflected in the diversity of monuments from many eras, and a highly diverse terrain that stretches from the long Baltic Sea coast in the north to the Tatra Mountains in the south. Between them are rich primeval woods teeming with interesting wildlife, including bisons in Biaowiea; magnificent lakes and rivers perfect for a variety of watersports, the most famous of which are in Warmisko-Mazurskie; rolling hills; flat plains; and even deserts. Among Poland’s cities are Toru’s completely preserved Gothic old town, Gdask’s Hanseatic history, and ód’s 19th-century industrial development.

While Poland today has a very homogeneous society in terms of ethnicity, language, and religion, it was a very multi-cultural and ethnically diverse country for centuries (when the erstwhile Republics of Poland encompassed a much larger territory than it does today), and was known for a time as Europe’s most religiously tolerant country. Poland, in particular, had Europe’s biggest Jewish population, which was almost wiped out during World War II, yet the enormous legacy endures. Poland’s western areas, which include significant portions of Lower Silesia, Lubuskie, and Zachodniopomorskie, as well as other regions, have historically been a part of neighboring Germany. The natural border of mountain ridges that separates Poland from its southern neighbors, the Czech Republic and Slovakia, has had little effect on cultural impact (and periodic warring). To the east, modern-day Lithuania, Belarus, and Ukraine constituted a continuous political unit centuries ago, and cultural evidence of this may be found closer to the present-day boundaries. Finally, although Poland currently shares just a tiny strip of border with Russia’s Kaliningrad Oblast in the former’s northeastern corner, the Russian Empire formerly ruled the whole eastern half of Poland, leaving many cultural and architectural remnants.

Despite losing a third of its people during World War II, including a disproportionately significant percentage of its elites, and suffering many economic losses as a Soviet satellite state after the war, Poland thrived culturally in many respects throughout the twentieth century. Poland’s difficult transition to democracy and capitalism in the 1980s laid the groundwork for its fellow Soviet-block nations. Poland entered the European Union in the new century and has seen uninterrupted economic development unmatched by any other EU member. This enabled it to significantly enhance its infrastructure and had a dramatic impact on its society, which once again became fairly cosmopolitan while maintaining its characteristic hospitability. Poles are inventive and entrepreneurial, always coming up with new ideas for events and festivals, and new structures and organizations sprout up practically overnight, so that each time you return, you are certain to find something new.

Poland | Introduction

Tourism After entering the European Union in 2004, Poland saw a rise in the number of visitors. Tourism contributes substantially to Poland's total economy and accounts for a sizable share of the country's service sector. Kraków was Poland's historic capital and a remnant of the Renaissance Golden Age. The city was...

How To Travel To Poland

By plane The majority of Europe's major airlines fly into and out of Poland. LOT Polish Airlines is Poland's national airline and a Star Alliance member, running the Miles&More frequent flyer program with many other European Star Alliance members. Most other European legacy carriers retain at least one link to...

How To Travel Around Poland

The Polish road system is vast but usually in bad condition, and the high-speed highways that are presently in existence are inadequate. However, public transportation is abundant and reasonably priced: buses and trams in towns, and charter buses and trains for long-distance travel. By plane LOT Polish Airlines has domestic flights...

Visa & Passport Requirements for Poland

Poland is a signatory to the Schengen Agreement. Border restrictions are usually not required between nations that have signed and implemented the pact. This covers the majority of the European Union as well as a few additional nations. Before boarding foreign planes or boats, passengers' identities are typically checked. Temporary border...

Destinations in Poland

Regions in Poland Central Poland (Łódzkie, Mazowieckie)Central Poland is centered around Warsaw, the capital city, and ód, a major city with a strong textile industry history. Southern Poland (Małopolskie, Śląskie)The region is home to magnificent mountain ranges, the world's oldest working salt mines, breathtaking landscapes, caverns, historical sites, and towns. The beautiful medieval...

Accommodation & Hotels in Poland

When it comes to accommodation availability and quality, Poland is catching up with Western Europe. Following the Euro 2012 championships, the situation in Euro host towns is now similar to that of most other cities in Northern and Western Europe. Many smaller cities and places that are less visited...

Things To See in Poland

Since Poland's accession to the European Union, foreign visitors have quickly rediscovered the country's rich cultural history, magnificent historic monuments, and simply breathtaking variety of landscapes. Whether it's architecture, urban atmosphere, or a sense of the past, Poland's busy cities and villages provide something for everyone. If you want...

Food & Drinks in Poland

Food in Poland Poles eat according to the typical continental schedule: a modest breakfast (generally some sandwiches with tea/coffee), a bigger lunch (or historically a "dinner") at about 13:00-14:00, and a supper at around 19:00. Many restaurants provide at least one vegetarian meal, making it easy to forgo meat. Most large...

Money & Shopping in Poland

Paying The Polish zoty (z, international abbreviation: PLN) is the legal currency in Poland. The zoty is split into 100 groszy (check the box to details). Poland was anticipated to adopt the Euro (€) after 2014, but such plans are still in the works. Private currency exchange offices (Polish: kantor) are...

Festivals & Holidays in Poland

A variety of holidays, including several (Catholic) religious festivals and many significant anniversaries, have been recognized as public by legislation, as mentioned below. Most service and retail shops, other businesses, museums, galleries, other attractions, and government offices are obliged to shut completely on certain days. Plan ahead of time...

Internet & Communications in Poland

Mobile phones Plus (code 260 01), T-Mobile (previously ERA) (260 02), Orange (260 03), and Play are the four mobile phone carriers in Poland (260 06). The typical European GSM 900/1800 MHz network covers about 98 percent of the nation, with the remaining 2 percent being nature reserves or high...

Language & Phrasebook in Poland

Poland's official language is Polish. Foreign tourists should be informed that almost all government information is typically only available in Polish. Street signs, instructions, information signs, and so forth are often exclusively in Polish, as are train and bus timetables and announcements (airports and a few major train stations seem...

Traditions & Customs in Poland

Etiquette In terms of gender etiquette, Poles are typically conservative. It is usual for males to hold doors and seats open for ladies. When greeting or saying farewell, some men, especially elderly males, may kiss a woman's hand. Kissing a woman's hand is considered gallant by some, although it is...

Culture Of Poland

Poland's culture is inextricably linked to its complex 1,000-year history. Its distinct personality arose as a consequence of its geographical location at the crossroads of European civilizations. With its roots in Proto-Slavic civilization, Polish culture has been deeply impacted throughout time by its intertwining connections with the Germanic, Latinate,...

History Of Poland

Early history The earliest towns in modern-day Poland, Kalisz and Elblg on the Amber Trail to the Baltic Sea, were recorded by Roman authors in the first century AD, while the first Polish settlement in Biskupin goes back much earlier, to the seventh century BC. Poland became a nation in the...

Stay Safe & Healthy in Poland

In Poland, the European unified emergency number 112 is being used. It currently works for all mobile phone calls and the majority of landline calls. In addition, three "ancient" emergency numbers are still in operation. They are as follows: Ambulance: 999 (Pogotowie, dziewięć-dziewięć-dziewięć)Firefighters: 998 (Straż Pożarna, dziewięć-dziewięć-osiem)Police: 997 (Policja, dziewięć-dziewięć-siedem)Municipal Guards: 986 (Straż...

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