Siena’s center storico is incredibly scenic as a fortified hill city, and from high towers, you can overlook the magnificent landscape that still fully surrounds the city. With a few obvious variations (such as the lovely golden hue of the sunflowers grown for oil for export), the Sienese landscape appears virtually exactly as it did in Medieval art. Because the Sienese countryside is part of the Chianti area, it is simple to obtain fine local wines at Sienese stores and to pair with meals in ristoranti and trattorie. Sienese cuisine is exquisite, and although certain restaurants are unquestionably superior than others, it is uncommon to find genuinely awful food in this city. In addition to being renowned globally as a tourist-friendly Medieval city, Siena is also regarded domestically as a university town, with options for foreign visitors to stay for a few weeks and study Italian or other disciplines.
In the Köppen climatic classification, Siena has a borderline humid subtropical (Cfa) and Mediterranean climate (Csa), since only one summer month has less than 40 millimetres (1.57 in) of rainfall, preventing it from being classed as entirely humid subtropical or Mediterranean.
Siena is situated in the heart of Tuscany, between the Arbia river valley (south), the Merse valley (south-west), the Elsa valley (north), the Chianti hills (north-east), the Montagnola Senese (west), and the Crete Senesi (south-east). The city is 322 meters above sea level.
Tourism, services, agriculture, handicrafts, and light industry are the primary industries.
Siena’s principal industry is agriculture. As of 2009, Siena’s agricultural workforce consisted of 919 businesses covering a total area of 10.755 square kilometers (4.153 square miles), for a UAA (usable agricultural area) of 6.954 square kilometers (2.685 square miles), or around 1/30 of the entire municipal territory (data ISTAT for the 2000 Agriculture Census V).