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Naples Travel Guide - Travel S Helper

Naples

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Naples is the capital of the Italian region Campania and the country’s third-largest municipality, after Rome and Milan. In 2015, the city’s administrative boundaries housed around 975,260 inhabitants. Naples Metropolitan City has a population of 3,115,320 people. With a population of between 3 million and 3.7 million people, Naples is the ninth-most populated metro region in the European Union. The Naples metropolitan region, one of the biggest on the Mediterranean Sea, with a population of around 4 million people.

Naples is one of the world’s oldest continually inhabited cities. In the second millennium BC, Bronze Age Greek towns were developed in the Naples region. At the conclusion of the Greek Dark Ages, a bigger colony — first known as Parthenope, v – emerged on the Island of Megaride about the ninth century BC. In the sixth century BC, the city was refounded as Neápolis and became a lynchpin of Magna Graecia, playing an important part in the integration of Greek culture into Roman civilization and ultimately becoming a cultural center of the Roman Republic. After the collapse of the Western Roman Empire, Naples remained powerful, serving as the capital city of the Kingdom of Naples from 1282 and 1816. Following its merger with Sicily, it served as the capital of the Two Sicilies until Italy’s unification in 1861. During the 1815 Neapolitan War, Naples actively sought Italian union.

During WWII, Naples was the most bombarded city in Italy. Much of the city’s 20th-century peripheral was built under Benito Mussolini’s fascist dictatorship and during World War II restoration operations. In recent decades, Naples has built a substantial commercial center, the Centro Direzionale, and modern transportation infrastructure, including an Alta Velocità high-speed rail connection to Rome and Salerno, as well as an enlarged metro network that is expected to encompass half of the province. In recent decades, the city has enjoyed tremendous economic expansion, and unemployment rates in the city and neighboring Campania have dropped since 1999. However, political and economic corruption persists in Naples, and unemployment remains high.

After Milan, Rome, and Turin, Naples has the fourth-largest urban economy in Italy. With an estimated 2011 GDP of US$83.6 billion, it is the world’s 103rd wealthiest city in terms of buying power. The port of Naples is one of the most significant in Europe, with the second-highest level of passenger traffic in the world, behind the port of Hong Kong. Naples is the headquarters of several large Italian corporations, including MSC Cruises Italy S.p.A. NATO’s Allied Joint Force Command Naples, the SRM Institution for Economic Research, and the OPE Company and Study Centre are all located in the city. Naples is a full member of the European city network Eurocities. [21] The city was awarded a City of Literature by UNESCO’s Creative Cities Network and was chosen as the home of the European organization ACP/UE. The Villa Rosebery, one of the President of Italy’s three official homes, is situated in the city’s Posillipo area.

The old city center of Naples is the biggest in Europe, comprising 1,700 hectares (4,200 acres) and encompassing 27 centuries of history. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Naples has historically been an important cultural center with worldwide clout, notably during the Renaissance and Enlightenment periods. Numerous cultural and historical attractions, notably the Palace of Caserta and the Roman remains of Pompeii and Herculaneum, are located in Naples’ surrounding neighborhood. In terms of cuisine, Naples is associated with pizza, which originated in the city. Furthermore, Neapolitan music has been very influential, being attributed with the birth of the romantic guitar and the mandolin, as well as significant contributions to opera and folk standards. Januarius, the patron saint of Naples, the comic figure Pulcinella, and the Sirens from the Greek epic poem the Odyssey are among the popular personalities and historical figures who have come to symbolize the city. According to CNN, the metro station “Toledo” is the most beautiful in Europe, and it also received the LEAF Award ‘2013 for “Public Building of the Year.” Naples is the Italian city with the greatest number of Michelin-starred restaurants.

Football and Serie A team S.S.C. Napoli, two-time Italian champions and European trophy winners, dominate Naples’ sports landscape, playing in the San Paolo Stadium in the city’s south-west.

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Naples | Introduction

Naples – Info Card

POPULATION : 975,260 (municipality)   3,115,320 (metropolitan city)
FOUNDED : 
TIME ZONE : • Time zone CET (UTC+1)
• Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
LANGUAGE :   Italian (official)
RELIGION :
AREA :  117.27 km2 (45.28 sq mi)
ELEVATION :   17 m (56 ft)
COORDINATES :  40°50′N 14°15′E
SEX RATIO :  Male: 48.6%
 Female: 51.4%
ETHNIC :
AREA CODE :  081
POSTAL CODE :   80100, 80121-80147
DIALING CODE :  +39 81
WEBSITE : www.comune.napoli.it

Tourism in Naples

Naples (Italian:Napoli; Neapolitan:Napule) is the third most populous municipality in Italy and the center of the country’s second most populous metropolitan region.

It is one of the world’s oldest continuously inhabited towns and a UNESCO World Heritage site, having been founded by the Greeks more than 2,800 years ago (8th century BC) as Neapolis (“New City”). The UNESCO assessment committee called Naples’ center “of extraordinary significance,” adding that the city’s location on the Bay of Naples “gives it an outstanding universal value that has had a deep effect.” However, the Italians have known these facts for centuries: The view of Naples from the sea is so stunning that an old Italian proverb suggests that once you’ve seen it, you may die.

Born as a Greek colony of Cuma and situated in the geographic heart of the Mediterranean basin, it has an unrivaled past as a hub of cultural interchange. This is reflected in the city’s architecture and monuments, which are a blend of Greek, Roman, Norman, Angevin, Swedish, Spanish, and French styles. The Neapolitan language, which is famously unclear to many speakers of standard Tuscan Italian, gives testament to the town’s eclectic cultural heritage, since it is made up of French, Spanish, and Arab words put into a Greek, Oscan, and Latin framework.

As a testament to its extraordinary history, the Naples region is home to an unprecedented number of UNESCO World Heritage sites, including the Center of Naples itself, the Roman archeological sites of Pompeii, Herculaneum, Oplontis, and Stabiae, the Royal Palace of Caserta, the royal site of San Leucio, and the Aqueduct of Vanvitelli. It is near to Vesuvius, Europe’s only active volcano and a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve in its own right. Day visits to Paestum’s Greek temples and the Amalfi Coast, both of which are UNESCO World Heritage sites, are feasible, as are day journeys to the islands of Capri, Ischia, and Procida in the Bay of Naples.

In 2013, Naples was designated as the World Capital of Cultures since it hosted the Universal Forum of Cultures (UFC) from April 10 to July 21, 2013.

Climate of Naples

The climate of Naples is Mediterranean (Köppen climatic classification: Csa), with cold, rainy winters and hot, dry summers. The Gulf of Naples’ warm temperature and richness made the area renowned during Roman times, when emperors such as Claudius and Tiberius vacationed there. The climate has a mix of marine and continental characteristics, as is typical of peninsular Italy. The warm winters are moderated by the presence of the sea, but the summers are pretty comparable to those seen in interior places far further north in the nation. The continental impact keeps temperatures moderate to hot, and Naples lies within the subtropical range, with summer daily averages of 23 °C (73 °F).

Geography of Naples

The city is located on the western coast of Southern Italy, on the Gulf of Naples; it climbs from sea level to a height of 450 meters (1,480 ft). The little rivers that formerly ran through the city center have been buried by building. It is located between two significant volcanic zones, Mount Vesuvius and the Campi Flegrei (en: Phlegraean Fields). Hydrofoils and ferries connect Naples to the islands of Procida, Capri, and Ischia. Sorrento and the Amalfi Coast are located south of the city, and the Roman ruins of Pompeii, Herculaneum, Oplontis, and Stabiae, which were devastated by Vesuvius’ eruption in 79 AD, are also visible nearby. To the north of the city are the harbor cities of Pozzuoli and Baia, which were part of the Roman naval station of Portus Julius.

Economy of Naples

With an estimated 2011 GDP of US$83.6 billion, or $18,749 per capita, Naples is Italy’s fourth-largest economy after Milan, Rome, and Turin, and the world’s 103rd-largest metropolitan economy by buying power. Naples is a significant freight facility, and the port of Naples is one of the biggest and busiest in the Mediterranean. Since World War II, the city has had substantial economic expansion, but unemployment remains a big issue, and the city is marked by high levels of governmental corruption and organized crime.

Naples is a prominent national and international tourist attraction, as well as one of the top tourist destinations in Italy and Europe. During the Grand Tour in the 18th century, tourists started to visit Naples. In terms of foreign arrivals, Naples ranked 166th in the world in 2008, with 381,000 tourists (a 1.6 percent fall from the previous year), behind only Lille but surpassing York, Stuttgart, Belgrade, and Dallas.

In recent years, the province of Naples has seen a shift away from a traditional agriculture-focused economy and toward one centered on service sectors. In early 2002, the Chamber of Commerce Public Register listed approximately 249,590 businesses operating in the province. The service industry employs the majority of Neapolitans, however more than half of them are small businesses with less than 20 employees; 70 are medium-sized businesses with more than 200 employees; and 15 have more than 500 employees.

Internet, Comunication in Naples

Naples features a public Wi-Fi network that is free to use.

Every user is allowed to use these free hotspots for two hours each day.

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