Sunday, October 17, 2021

Hungary

EuropeHungary

Hungary is a Central European unitary parliamentary republic. It has a land area of 93,030 square kilometers (35,920 square miles), is located in the Carpathian Basin, and is bounded on the north by Slovakia, on the east by Romania, on the south by Serbia, on the southwest by Croatia, on the west by Slovenia, on the northwest by Austria, and on the northeast by Ukraine. Hungary, with a population of about ten million, is one of the most populated states in Central and Eastern Europe and a medium-sized European Union member state. Hungary’s official language is Hungarian, which is the world’s most commonly spoken uralic language. Budapest, Hungary’s capital and biggest metropolis, is a major economic center and a worldwide city classed as an Alpha-. Debrecen, Szeged, Miskolc, Pécs, and Gyr are major urban areas.

Following centuries of continuous occupation by Celts, Romans, Slavs, Gepids, and Avars, the late 9th century conquest of the Carpathian Basin by the Hungariangrand prince rpád established the foundations of Hungary. In 1000, his great-grandson Stephen I succeeded to the throne, establishing a Christian monarchy in the nation. By the 12th century, Hungary had developed into a middling power within the Western world, and by the 15th century had reached a golden era. Following the Battle of Mohácsin in 1526 and about 150 years of Ottoman domination (1541–1699), Hungary fell under Habsburg control and subsequently merged with Austria to create the great power Austro–Hungarian Empire.

Hungary’s present boundaries were set in 1920 by the Treaty of Trianon, after the country’s loss of 71% of its land, 58% of its people, and 32% of ethnic Hungarians during World War I. Hungary joined the Axis Powers in World War II after the interwar era, incurring enormous damage and fatalities. Hungary became a Soviet Union satellite state, aiding in the creation of a four-decade-long communist dictatorship (1947–1989). The country received significant worldwide attention after the 1956 Revolution and the crucial 1989 opening of its formerly closed border with Austria, which hastened the fall of the Eastern Bloc. Hungary reverted to democratic parliamentary republic status on 23 October 1989.

Hungary is a middle power in the twenty-first century, with the world’s 57th biggest economy by nominal GDP and the 58th largest by purchasing power parity, out of 188 nations as assessed by the IMF. As a significant player in a number of industrial and technical areas, it ranks 36th in terms of both exports and imports. Hungary is a high-income economy with an affluent population. It ensures the continuation of social security and universal health care, as well as tuition-free higher education. Hungary scores well in worldwide rankings; it is ranked 20th in terms of quality of life, 25th in terms of inequality-adjusted human development, 32nd in terms of social progress, and 19th in terms of safety.

Hungary became a member of the European Union in 2004 and has been a member of the Schengen Area since 2007. Hungary is a member of the United Nations, NATO, the World Trade Organization, the World Bank, the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank, the Council of Europe, and the Visegrád Group. The Hungarian army contributes significantly to international peacekeeping missions, with about 700 personnel stationed abroad, including 100 HDF troops in Afghanistan’s NATO-led ISAF force, 210 Hungarian soldiers in Kosovo’s KFOR, and 160 troops in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Hungary is well-known for its illustrious cultural past, having made major contributions to the arts, music, literature, sports, and science and technology. Hungary is a famous tourism destination, having welcomed 12.1 million foreign visitors in 2014. It is home to the world’s biggest thermal water cave system, the world’s second largest thermal lake, Central Europe’s largest lake, and Europe’s largest natural grasslands.

Hungary | Introduction

Hungary is one of the world's top 15 tourist attractions, with a capital that is often considered as one of the most beautiful in the world. Despite its modest size, Hungary is home to many World Heritage Sites, UNESCO Biosphere reserves, the world's second biggest thermal lake (Lake Hévz),...

How To Travel To Hungary

By plane Liszt Ferenc Airport in Budapest, Airport Debrecen in Debrecen, and FlyBalaton Airport in Sármellék are Hungary's international airports. Malév (Hungarian Airlines), Hungary's flag airline, was decommissioned in early 2012. There are many low-cost carriers that fly to Budapest, including Ryanair, Wizzair, Easyjet, Eurowings, and Airberlin. By train With regular trains...

How To Travel Around Hungary

By plane There are currently no regular domestic flights in Hungary. Due to Budapest's central location and the fact that almost every place in the nation can be reached in three hours by rail or bus, there is no demand for scheduled domestic flights. People with a valid pilot's license, on...

Visa & Passport Requirements for Hungary

Hungary is a signatory to the Schengen Agreement. Border restrictions are usually not required between nations that have signed and implemented the pact. This covers the majority of the European Union as well as a few additional nations.Before boarding foreign planes or boats, passengers' identities are typically checked. Temporary border...

Destinations in Hungary

Regions in Hungary Central HungaryBecause of the capital, Budapest, this is the most visited region of the nation. Lake BalatonSiófok, the unofficial summer capital of Lake Balaton, attracts tens of thousands of tourists each year. TransdanubiaThis ancient area west of the Danube is one of the country's most economically prosperous. Northern HungaryHere you...

Accommodation & Hotels in Hungary

Hostels The cost varies a lot. Expect to spend between €6 and €10 for the lowest accommodation in a youth hostel in Budapest, although the average cost in a hostel is €20-22 per person. Farmhouses In Hungary, village tourism is popular and well-developed, and it may be a memorable experience. 1Hungary ,...

Things To See in Hungary

Hungary is home to a number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. The Danube Banks, the Buda Castle Quarter, and Andrássy Avenue are all part of Budapest.Hollók's Old Village and its SurroundingsBeautiful caverns with dripstones and stalagmites at Aggtelek National Park.Pannonhalma's Millenary Benedictine Abbey and its Natural EnvironmentNational Park of Hortobágy...

Things To Do in Hungary

Birdwatching Hungary is a great location for a birding vacation. The puszta consists of forested slopes, extensive fish pond systems, and grasslands. The Kiskunsag and Hortobagy National Parks, as well as the Aggtelek, Bukk, and Zemplen Hills, are particularly beautiful. Riding a horse Hungary is an excellent nation for horseback...

Food & Drinks in Hungary

Food in Hungary Menu prices for main meals are typically 2000 - 4000 HUF in touristic areas of Budapest, and 1500 - 2200 HUF outside of the city, or in towns such as Eger and Szentendre. A two-course lunch with a soft drink costs between 1500 and 8000 HUF per person...

Money & Shopping in Hungary

Money Hungarian currency is denoted by the Forint, abbreviated HUF or Ft. Bills are available in quantities of HUF20,000, 10,000, 5,000, 2,000, 1,000, and 500; coins are available in values of HUF200 (two coloured, equivalent to €1), 100 (two coloured, similar to €2), 50, 20, 10, and 5. Most hotels, as...

Festivals & Holidays in Hungary

Public holidays DateEnglish nameLocal nameRemarks1 JanuaryNew Year's DayÚjévAccording to legend, eating lentil soup on this day makes people wealthy, rolling out strudel dough ensures long life, and eating poultry causes luck to "fly away."15 MarchNational DayNemzeti ünnepDay of Remembrance for the 1848 Revolution (which aimed the independence of the Hungarian...

Traditions & Customs in Hungary

Many Hungarians still have mixed feelings about the 1956 Revolution. You should avoid any discussion of the Treaty of Trianon (1920) since the Hungarians may be quite sensitive to it. The open exhibition of the Communist red star and hammer and sickle emblem, the Nazi swastika and SS insignia, and...

Language & Phrasebook in Hungary

Hungarian A road sign in both the current (Roman) and ancient Hungarian scripts welcomes visitors to the town of Vonyarcvashegy near Keszthely—the latter of which, also known as rovásrás or "Hungarian runes," is only used ceremonially or as a symbol of national pride. Hungarians are justifiably proud of their language, which...

Culture Of Hungary

Architecture Hungary is home to Europe's largest synagogue (Great Synagogue), which was completed in 1859 in Moorish Revival style with a capacity of 3000 people, Europe's largest medicinal bath (Széchenyi Medicinal Bath), which was completed in 1913 in Modern Renaissance Style and is located in the City park, Hungary's largest...

Stay Safe & Healthy in Hungary

Stay Safe in Hungary Hungary is a fairly safe nation in general. Petty crime, in particular, continues to be a problem, as it does in any other nation. On public transportation, keep an eye on your belongings and pockets. Pickpockets are a real threat. Thieves often target passports, cash, and credit...

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