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Kos Travel Guide - Travel S Helper

Kos

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Kos, also known as Cos, is a Greek island in the southeastern Aegean Sea, off the Anatolian coast of Turkey. It is part of the Dodecanese island series. Kos is the third biggest Dodecanese island by area, after Rhodes and Karpathos; it has a population of 33,388 (2011 census), making it the Dodecanese’s second most populated island after Rhodes. The island is 40 by 8 kilometers (25 by 5 miles) in size and is located 4 kilometers (2 miles) off the coast of Turkey’s historic province of Caria. Kos is an administrative municipality of the Kos regional unit, which is part of the South Aegean region. Kos town is the island’s main town and the headquarters of the municipality.

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Kos | Introduction

Geography of Kos

Kos is located on the Aegean Sea. It has a shoreline that stretches from west to east for 112 kilometers (70 miles).

Kardamena, Kefalos, Tingaki, Antimachia, Mastihari, Marmari, and Pyli are the principal settlements of Kos island, in addition to the main town and harbor, also known as Kos. Zia, Zipari, Platani, Lagoudi, and Asfendiou are the smaller ones.

Religion of Kos

Greek Orthodoxy is the predominant religion. Kos is home to one of the Dodecanese’s four cathedrals. On the island, there is a Roman Catholic church. For the Turkish-speaking Muslim community, there is a mosque. Because the Jewish population of Kos was targeted for extermination by invading Nazi troops during World War II, the Synagogue is no longer utilized for religious services. It has, however, been renovated and preserved, with all religious symbols intact, and is currently utilized by the Municipality of Kos for a variety of events, mostly cultural.

Economy of Kos

Kos’ principal business is tourism, with the island’s beaches being the main draw. Kos town, the island’s principal port and population center, is also the tourist and cultural center, with whitewashed buildings containing numerous hotels, restaurants, and a number of nightclubs constituting the Kos town “barstreet.” Kardamena, a seaside village with a large number of bars and nightclubs, is a popular resort for young holidaymakers (primarily from the United Kingdom and Scandinavia).

The second most common employment is farming, with the primary crops being grapes, almonds, figs, olives, and tomatoes, as well as wheat and maize. Although cos lettuce is cultivated here, the name is unrelated.

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